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Version: 4.1

4.4 Copying and Updating Structures

(struct-copy id struct-expr [field-id expr] ...)

Creates a new instance of the structure type id with the same field values as the structure produced by struct-expr, except that the value of each supplied field-id is instead determined by the corresponding expr.

The id must have a transformer binding that encapsulates information about a structure type (i.e., like the initial identifier bound by define-struct), and the binding must supply a constructor, a predicate, and all field accessors.

Each field-id is combined with id to form id-field-id (using the lexical context of field-id), which must be one of the accessor bindings in id. The accessor bindings determined by different field-ids must be distinct. The order of the field-ids need not match the order of the corresponding fields in the structure type.

The struct-expr is evaluated first. The result must be an instance of the id structure type, otherwise the exn:fail:contract exception is raised. Next, the field exprs are evaluated in order (even if the fields that correspond to the field-ids are in a different order). Finally, the new structure instance is created.

The result of struct-expr can be an instance of a sub-type of id, but the resulting copy is an immediate instance of id (not the sub-type).