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table of contents (TOC), 
	as a navigational aid, in an industrial hypermedia environment; Malcolm(168)-21
	as an information retrieval tool; Boy(171)-53
	overview perspective, value of; Walker(106)-312
	similarity relation representation; Oren(105)-300
	subtree, use as an overview guide in Document Examiner; Walker(106)-319
	SuperBook use in searching; Remde(98)-178
	Extended Dexter model representation of; Gronbaek(15)-155
	Hypertext '89 paper; Marshall(114)-15
tagged text, 
	gdl subroutine library management of, in a dynamic link-resolution architecture; Tompa(234)-118
	extracting structure information from OED tags; Raymond(96)-147
	See Also extensibility; open hypermedia systems (OHS); 
	configurative user functions, as global state precursor; Kendall(8)-75
	dedicated, systems and characteristics; Osterbye(13)-131
	design issues, Halasz' Seven Issues paper; Halasz(108)-345
	DeVise Hypermedia system as a Dexter-compliant cooperative architecture; Gronbaek(226)-25
	hypermedia design issue; Halasz(108)-345, Halasz(108)-363
	hypermedia system mechanisms for; Osterbye(13)-131
	hypertext, KMS as example of; Osterbye(13)-132
	HyTime support; Buford(11)-109
	NoteCards, characteristics of; Halasz(108)-349
	open hypermedia system issues relating to; Osterbye(13)-131
	openness contrasted with; Osterbye(13)-131
	source code level, systems and characteristics; Osterbye(13)-131
	coordination, intelligent; Garg(112)-426
	domain, classification of hypermedia systems according to; Halasz(108)-351
	in I-SHYS, 
		meta-task types and characteristics; Garg(112)-420
		products task types and characteristics; Garg(112)-420
		software engineering environment; Garg(112)-419
	knowledge, relating to factual knowledge base through MacWeb scripts; Nanard(228)-51
	management system, interactive; Akscyn(86)-2
	models, globally structuring knowledge bases with; Bareiss(232)-94
		applications, MacWeb support of; Nanard(191)-340
		examples, importance for users of Kiosk software reuse library; Creech(169)-36
		filters, handling in layered information system architectures; Bieber(182)-212
		hypermedia navigation model, in OOHDM design process; Schwabe(12)-121
		target audience, importance for hypertext design; Wright(167)-8
	task-driven views, representing with virtual documents and typed anchors in MacWeb; Nanard(228)-51
TaxMan (taxonomy manager), 
	taxonomy structure support provided by; Nuernberg(19)-200
	See Also classification; 
	arguments, representation in NoteCards; Marshall(103)-259
	Flag, See Flag taxonomy; 
	as hypertext structure, HOSS Sproc supporting; Nuernberg(19)-200
	ideas, source of link types; Oren(105)-300
		activities needed to support; Parunak(184)-235
		characteristics; Parunak(230)-73
		role in hypertext-based knowledge acquisition; Kaindl(192)-351
		set-based hypermedia for; Parunak(184)-233
		set-based hypertext as a tool for; Parunak(230)-73
	similarity relation representation; Oren(105)-300
	Dynamic Documents use of; Loke(23)-239
	See Also MOO (MUD Object Oriented); 
	as Juggler system MOO; Dieberger(17)-174
	manuals, online; Akscyn(86)-3
technical content, 
	book, as a printed format navigational aid; Lai(176)-123
	limitations of, biasing effect on content; Landow(56)-332
	rhetoric as bridge between technology and meaning; Moulthrop(188)-292
	HyperStorM compared with; Bapat(20)-206
TEI (Text Encoding Initiative), 
	See Also HyTime standard; SGML (Standard Generalized Markup Language); 
	documents, HyTime advantages for WWW publishing of; Buford(11)-112
Tel Quel group, 
	experimental fiction writer, impact on interactive fiction; Bolter(89)-44
	MOO systems use for; Dieberger(17)-171
telephone accessible databases, 
	as primitive precursor of hyperspeech (MIT Media Lab system); Arons(25)-134
	as Web agent system; Loke(23)-239
	as industrial hypertext requirement; Malcolm(168)-19
	cards, Hypertext '87 paper; Marshall(103)-267
	change propagation, as future Hypermedia Template design plan; Catlin(178)-159
	characteristics and requirements for an industrial hypermedia environment; Malcolm(168)-21
	hypermedia, an authoring tool; Catlin(178)-147
	in frame-based hypertext, use in filtering structures from content; Kaindl(192)-352
	tools, features of Hypermedia Templates; Catlin(178)-151
	See time; 
term meaning, 
	Hypertext '87 paper; Collier(104)-270
	See Also component(s); documents; multimedia; 
		adaptive documentation use of, frame-based hypertext; Kaindl(192)-354
		implemented with message passing, in frame-based hypertext; Kaindl(192)-349
		importance in maintaining up-to-date documentation; Kaindl(192)-354
		identifying related texts using global comparison methods; Salton(235)-131
		query-based browsing using; Charoenkitkarn(241)-206
	annotation of, Knowledge Weasel use for; Lawton(233)-106
	argumentative, AAA authoring tool for, ECHT'90 paper; Schuler(151)-137
	automatic decomposition, using text segments; Salton(6)-53
	-based computer games, as global state precursor; Kendall(8)-75
	classic, imagined conversations in, ECHT'92 paper; Jones(210)-141
	content-based navigation in; Hirata(2)-11
	content-oriented relations between units of, Hypertext'87 paper; Hammwohner(97)-155
	conversion to hypertext, OED experience; Raymond(96)-143
	converting to hypertext; Frisse(91)-58, Raymond(96)-143
		criteria for good candidates; Raymond(96)-146
		OED experience; Raymond(96)-144
		reasons for; Raymond(96)-147
	creating, relationship to creating arguments; Smolensky(101)-227
	death of, announcement premature; Bernstein(28)-256
	display, Thoth-II; Collier(104)-278
	dynamic, as variable node precursor; Kendall(8)-77
		compared with Notes (CMU); Neuwirth(95)-129
		overhead and use compared with hypertext; Trigg(93)-94
	exploration of interrelationships, value of volatile hypertext for dealing with; Bernstein(28)-244
	formatting languages, use by SuperBook; Remde(98)-175
	global comparisons, identifying similarities between text elements by; Salton(235)-131
	hypertext structuring of, contrasted with knowledge structuring formalisms of AI; Kaindl(192)-345
	informating, hypertext rhetoric, ECHT'92 paper; Moulthrop(213)-171
	interactive text processing by inexperienced hyper-readers, ECHT'90 paper; Rouet(160)-250
	interpretations, value of adding to video narratives; Sawhney(1)-8
	large heterogeneous, managing with a dynamic link resolution architecture; Tompa(234)-118
	links; Sawhney(1)-1
		rules for effective design; Landow(56)-334
	literary, spatial quality of; Tolva(7)-66
	markup languages, SuperBook ability to handle; Remde(98)-186
	nodes, Thoth-II lexical links in; Collier(104)-280
	non-linear, comprehension role of discourse cues; Charney(94)-109
	paper, deficiencies in; Remde(98)-175
	polyvocal linked, combining digital video with; Sawhney(1)-1
	recovering the benefits of for hypertext; Oren(105)-293
	relationship map, document structure analysis with; Salton(6)-53
	replacement inline, advantages of; Brown(88)-36
	semantics of; Collier(104)-276
		interpretation through string matching; Collier(104)-278
	source, writing hypertext from; Neuwirth(95)-121
	strings, query processing; Frisse(91)-61
	structuring; Salton(6)-53
	summarization; Salton(6)-53
	TEI (Text Encoding Initiative), HyTime advantages for WWW publishing of; Buford(11)-112
	textual analysis, 
		hypertext requirements of; Bernstein(28)-244
		limitations in recovering meaning and purpose in rhetorical structure; Nanard(191)-331
		nodes, relationship information potential of; Botafogo(172)-72
	video interaction with, in HyperCafe; Sawhney(1)-4
	virtual environment, browsing the Web with; Dieberger(17)-170
	virtual environments, history and characteristics; Dieberger(17)-171
	limitations for teaching non-linear thinking; Beeman(92)-73
	See Also classification, pioneer systems; 
	as design idea source for the Dexter hypermedia reference model; Halasz(299)-30
	knowledge representation characteristics, comparison with NoteCards, Thoth-II, and Intermedia; Collier(104)-277
	semantic net handling differences with Thoth-II; Collier(104)-273
	revealing in hypertext structure, Linkplot use for; Bernstein(28)-247
	decomposition of, as information retrieval tool; Salton(6)-53
	representation in 'A Life Set for Two'; Kendall(8)-76
	varying node content based on preceding; Kendall(8)-77
theoretical hypertext models, 
	See Shasha bibliographic reference; 
	See Also architecture; 
	potential value for user model; Gloor(175)-115
	problems with, when accessing large, heterogenious, open-ended text collections; Salton(235)-131
	critical, non-lineal thinking as a component of; Beeman(92)-67
	development of, important Western educational goal; Beeman(92)-68
	See Also open hypermedia systems (OHS); viewers; 
		as open hypermedia system distinguishing characteristics; Osterbye(13)-129
		Devise Hypermedia framework support for; Gronbaek(15)-149
		Dexter support of; Gronbaek(15)-149
		hypermedia operating system impact on linking; Nuernberg(19)-197
		integration into hypermedia systems, as issue facing the development of open hypermedia systems; Osterbye(13)-129
		integration of, as goal of both HB1 and Extended Dexter model; Gronbaek(15)-150
		link service integration of; Davis(247)-41
		support for, in HyperStorM abstract hypermedia engine; Bapat(20)-209
	tools, link service integration of; Wiil(14)-140
		functions in a link server; Osterbye(13)-131
		separation of contents and structure representation in the Flag taxonomy; Osterbye(13)-130
		tailorability importance to integration; Osterbye(13)-131
	See Also classification, pioneer systems; 
	advantages and disadvantages; Collier(104)-286
	graphical browser, difference between SemNet and Thoth-II; Collier(104)-279
	how semantics differs from Ties; Collier(104)-276
	Hypertext '87 paper; Collier(104)-269
	hypertext with explicit semantics; Collier(104)-269
	knowledge representation characteristics, comparison with NoteCards, TEXTNET, and Intermedia; Collier(104)-277
	semantic net handling differences; Collier(104)-273
	See Also artificial intelligence (AI); cognitive; mind; 
	dynamic hypertext as metaphor for; Kendall(8)-75
	processes, capturing in a hypertext poem; Kendall(8)-75
	behavior processes, inside of structure-caching processes; Nuernberg(19)-195
	compared with inter-process communication, in hypermedia operating systems; Nuernberg(19)-196
	HOSS facilities for; Nuernberg(19)-199
	as lightweight processes; Nuernberg(19)-195
Tichy's Revision Control System, 
	advantages in an abstract hypertext model; Garg(110)-385
Ties (The Interactive Encyclopedia System), 
	ancester of Hyperties; Shneiderman(99)-189
	how the semantics differs from Thoth-II; Collier(104)-276
TIES (The Interactive Encyclopedia System), 
	as Hyperties precursor; Shneiderman(99)-189
	See Also animation; classification, hypertext types; dynamic; spatial, hypertext systems; structure(s); 
	Amsterdam Hypermedia Model, 
		adding time and context to the Dexter model; Halasz(296)-50
		Extended Dexter model representation of context notion; Gronbaek(15)-156
	attributes, integrating into a hypervideo model; Sawhney(1)-8
	based hypermedia, Videobook; Ogawa(144)-38
	based media, 
		moving hot-spot navigation in; Hirata(2)-18
		See Also media; 
		See Also multimedia; 
	chronological text decomposition; Salton(6)-53
	congestion problem, hyperspeech research strategies for overcoming; Arons(25)-143
	context as a mechanism for managing time-based hypermedia presentations; Hardman(39)-183
	dependence, Interactive Kon-Tiki Museum use of; Sawhney(1)-2
	hyperspeech (MIT Media Lab system) attempt to deal with; Arons(25)-133
	HyTime representation, evaluation of; Buford(11)-105
	HyTime representation of; Buford(11)-109
	interactive fiction of; Bolter(89)-47
	models of music, HyTime encorporation of; Buford(11)-105
	multimedia system for temporal and spatial structuring; Shimizu(62)-1
	properties, hypervideo, representation in a 3D environment; Sawhney(1)-9
	relationships, manipulating at a high level rather than as timings; Sawhney(1)-2
	role in software process interactions; Garg(112)-426
	structure, HyTime representation of; Buford(11)-109
	synchronization issues in wide-area hypermedia networks; Shibata(231)-82
	temporal behavior, specification in documents; Buchanan(33)-262
	temporal links, 
		HyperCafe characteristics; Sawhney(1)-3
		synchronizing with playing video; Sawhney(1)-8
		term definition, HyperCafe; Sawhney(1)-5
	Temporal Logic, OOHDM use for behavioral property queries; Schwabe(12)-123
	time-based control of external devices, integration into hypermedia environment as industrial hypertext requirement; Malcolm(168)-19
	timing hypertext sequences, altering in response to user preferences and actions; Stotts(183)-220
	timing mechanisms in Trellis, 
		details of; Stotts(183)-222
		dynamic adaptation of hypertext using; Stotts(183)-219
	user interface design issues; Shibata(231)-82
	values on links, as triggers for adaptive events in Trellis; Stotts(183)-221
	varying node content over; Kendall(8)-78
TMS Research software, 
	CD-ROM retrieval product; Oren(105)-293
	for differences in viewpoint, as a consequence of Intermedia use in a philosophy of science course; Ess(187)-285
tool kits, 
	See Also Dexter; hypertext models; 
	Andrew Toolkit application development facilities; Sherman(142)-13
	domain-specific, PHIDIAS support for; McCall(152)-161
	HOT (Hypermedia Object-oriented Toolkit) concepts and facilities; Puttress(143)-25
	See Also authoring; 
	compared with HTML implementation of an OOHDM model; Schwabe(12)-125
	ECHT '90 paper; Irler(161)-261
	navigation and interface design for, using OOHDM; Schwabe(12)-116
	lack of integration among, as critical issue in information systems; Wiil(14)-140
	need to combine with other tools; Brown(88)-39
top-down approaches, 
	to writing, techniques for managing in NoteCards; Trigg(93)-96
top-down design, 
	HDM characteristics; Garzotto(190)-314
	incorporated into knowledge-based system design procedures; Kaindl(192)-353
	text analysis system, modeling the semantics of text units with; Hammwohner(97)-159
	Hypertext '87 paper; Hammwohner(97)-155
	hypertext system with AI facilities; Hammwohner(97)-161
	See Also structure(s); 
	hypercube, limitations for taxonomic reasoning; Parunak(184)-237
	hypermedia, matching navigation strategies and; Parunak(116)-43
	hypertext, issues in defining; Garzotto(190)-314
	identifying, in CYBERMAP; Gloor(175)-111
	in information retrieval, with the TOPOGPRAHIC graphical retrieval system; Hammwohner(97)-155
	metrics, IWHD'95 paper; Smeaton(68)-1
	multiple, in MOO environments; Dieberger(17)-173
	in writing, HyperCafe instantiation of; Sawhney(1)-6
touch screen alternatives, 
	experimental studies on with Hyperties; Shneiderman(99)-192
Toulmin, Steven, 
	See Also gIBIS; 
	AAA use; Schuler(151)-137
	argument layout, 
		basis for representation of micro-arguments in NoteCards; Marshall(103)-260
		characteristics of; Marshall(103)-260
	argumentation schema, 
		as SEPIA influence; Streitz(138)-343
		category specialization role in modeling; Bapat(20)-209
	micro-argument, as a knowledge structure, (figure); Marshall(186)-262
	structures, characteristics of; Marshall(103)-260
tour links, 
	location cue technique; Oren(105)-297
	See paths; 
	AI and hypertext use for; Kaindl(192)-347
	hypermedia requirements for support of, in a concurrent engineering environment; Malcolm(168)-14
	hypermedia support of, at Boeing; Malcolm(168)-14
		airlines hypermedia needs; Malcolm(168)-14
		link template requirements in an industrial hypermedia environment; Malcolm(168)-21
	military, Trans-ASK artificial intelligence-based hypermedia system use for; Bareiss(232)-94
	technical, hierarchical model use for; Moulthrop(188)-293
	artificial intelligence-based hypermedia system, for problem solving; Bareiss(232)-94
transaction-based servers, 
	for hypertext storage systems, HAM as; Campbell(87)-21
		concurrency control issues; Wiil(225)-14
		DeVise Hypermedia system as a Dexter-compliant cooperative architecture supporting; Gronbaek(226)-25
	management, in a collaborative distributed hypertext system; Wiil(225)-14
	See Also links; 
	Xanadu, Extended Dexter model representation of; Gronbaek(15)-156
	information, role in writing; Smith(100)-199
transient hypergraph, 
	use in set-oriented hypertext representation; Hara(173)-77
translation routines, 
	connecting application elements with a hypertext engine through bridge laws; Bieber(182)-209
translator-generator system, 
	Trellis system for translating strings to graphs; Stotts(155)-180
		controlling during flying; Lai(176)-126
		flying navigation, characteristics; Lai(176)-130
	side effects triggered by, as flying navigation issue; Lai(176)-126
	advantages for handling hypertext structures as; Hara(173)-88
	importance in the design of Document Examiner; Walker(106)-314
	inherent in the stretch text concept; Brown(88)-37
	reducing a graph to a, as a step in identifying aggregates; Botafogo(172)-68
	set-based hypertext use of, combined with directed acyclic graphs; Parunak(230)-73
	SGML hyperdocument structures, automatic linking advantage; Wiil(225)-145
Trellis hypertext model, 
	See Also classification, pioneer systems; projects page; 
	actemes in; Rosenberg(3)-23
	browsing semantics; Furuta(115)-27
	DSS shell architecture with a dynamic hypertext interface compared with; Bieber(182)-207
	ECHT '90 paper; Stotts(155)-180
	ECHT '92 paper; Stotts(223)-272
	as hypermedia reference model; Osterbye(13)-129
	Hypertext '89 paper; Furuta(115)-27
	Hypertext '91 paper; Stotts(183)-219
	path mechanisms in; Zellweger(54)-6
	Petri net use as hypertext structure model; Furuta(115)-27
	software development support by; Smith(180)-183
	Videobook relationship to, bibliographic reference; Ogawa(144)-39
triggering condition, 
	for contextual links in CID; Boy(171)-55
	traversal side effects, as flying navigation issue; Lai(176)-126
Tufte, Edward, 
	referenced by; Marshall(242)-217
	See Also URL (Uniform Resource Locator)s; 
	meaning of Xanadu; Nelson(85)-0
	as Xanadu addressing scheme; Nelson(85)-0
	aggregate objects defined by Garg similar to tuples; Garg(110)-383
tutoring systems, 
	intelligent, compared with information retrieval systems; Hammwohner(97)-168
type structures, 
	application-orientation, in MacWeb; Nanard(191)-340
	as sub-network of a web, in MacWeb; Nanard(191)-337
	mapping onto web in MacWeb; Nanard(191)-336
	documents, value for information retrieval; Salton(6)-53
	links; Cleary(4)-31
		as industrial hypertext requirement; Malcolm(168)-19
		automatic generation of; Cleary(4)-31, Allan(5)-42
		constraints on; Bapat(20)-208
		distinguishing control flow from data flow with; Kaindl(192)-352
		Kiosk use of; Creech(169)-28
		navigational strategy used by hyperspeech (MIT Media Lab system); Arons(25)-134
		potential for support of clustering methods; Botafogo(172)-72
		relations as knowledge emphasized by; Kaindl(192)-346
	node attributes, in OOHDM node definition; Schwabe(12)-121
		capturing relationships during the writing process with; Nanard(191)-332
		hypertext knowledge representation use of; Nanard(191)-330
		MacWeb support of; Nanard(191)-334
	subgraphs, integrity of, as issue addressed by ABC graphical browser research; Smith(180)-191
	See Also classification; data, types; 
	ADT (abstract data types), HOSS support of; Nuernberg(19)-199
	anchors to provide additional context, in MacWeb; Nanard(228)-51
	as a hypertext structure mechanism, importance and difficulties with; Nanard(191)-331
	documents, use in linearizing argument graphs; Smolensky(101)-232
	endpoints, characteristics and use; Gronbaek(15)-153
	ETF (element type forms), HyTime, feature analysis of; Buford(11)-110
	HDM term definition; Garzotto(190)-315
	hierarchy, Aquanet inheritance rules, based on CommonLisp Object System; Marshall(186)-265
	management mechanism, extensibility of MacWeb's, importance to hypertext knowledge representation; Nanard(191)-330
	mechanisms for creating based on cognitive study; Nanard(191)-332
	navigational classes, in OOHDM design process; Schwabe(12)-121
	nodes and links in DynamicDesign, done with attributes; Bigelow(111)-398
	of subgraphs, as ABC data model component; Smith(180)-184
	process, in hypermedia operating systems; Nuernberg(19)-195
	representing concepts with; Nanard(191)-333
	structured, incorporating knowledge in an object-oriented hypertext system using; Nanard(191)-329
	subtyping, category specialization capture of concept of; Bapat(20)-208