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C language, 
	external name problem, handling in DynamicDesign; Bigelow(111)-403
	source code management by DynamicDesign; Bigelow(111)-397
CAD (Computer Aided Design), 
	See Also applications; 
	argumentation approach to; McCall(152)-155
	drawings, collaborative manipulation and access by DeVise Hypermedia system, a Dexter-compliant cooperative architecture; Gronbaek(226)-25
	dynamic hypertext interface as a front end for; Bieber(182)-211
	hypertext-based, HAM support of; Bapat(20)-204
	integrating hypertext with; Nanard(191)-330
	integrating into a total information environment; Malcolm(168)-15
	integrating into in a collaborative distributed hypertext system; Wiil(225)-14
	in poetry, detecting with Lynx dot plots; Bernstein(28)-255
CAI (computer-aided instruction) system, 
	dynamic hypertext interface as a front end for; Bieber(182)-211
call list, 
	accessing outward links in a frame-based hypertext; Kaindl(192)-350
call tree, 
	source code, encoding in DynamicDesign; Bigelow(111)-400
card-oriented hypertext systems, 
	See Also component(s); nodes; 
	aggregate research of; Botafogo(172)-64
	HDM browsing semantics compatible with; Garzotto(190)-315
	as a metaphor, characteristics of NoteCards; Trigg(93)-91
	types of cards, defining new ones in NoteCards; Trigg(93)-100
CASE (computer-aided software engineering), 
	See Also applications; 
	Case-Based Reasoning, encoding open systems knowledge with; Garg(112)-428
	DynamicDesign environment; Bigelow(111)-397
	HOT (Hypermedia Object-oriented Toolkit) concepts and facilities; Puttress(143)-25
	hypertext design models compared with; Garzotto(190)-315
	hypertext-based applications, HAM support of; Bapat(20)-204
	hypertext-based environments, DynamicDesign; Bigelow(111)-397
	I-SHYS; Garg(112)-409
	integrating into in a collaborative distributed hypertext system; Wiil(225)-14
	manipulating source code in DynamicDesign; Bigelow(111)-397
	structured document preparation in, comparison with structured hypertext; Nanard(191)-332
case studies, 
	Intermedia use for teaching philosophy at Drury College; Ess(187)-277
	set-based hypertext value for study of; Parunak(184)-238
case-based knowledge acquisition, 
	knowledge-based indexing for; Boy(171)-51
	nodes, Kiosk structure nodes used for; Creech(169)-29
	hypertext systems, criteria; Walker(106)-307
	incremental development of, taxonomic reasoning characterized by; Parunak(184)-236
	organizing meta-relations with categories in Thoth-II; Collier(104)-284
	project management, in DynamicDesign; Bigelow(111)-399
		abstract data model representation; Bapat(20)-207
		consistency constraints on classes that participate in; Bapat(20)-208
		examples of use; Bapat(20)-209
		See Also object-orientation; 
	taxonomic reasoning characterized by; Parunak(184)-235
causal learning, 
	affect of hypertext on; Charney(94)-112
CBI (computer-based instruction), 
	and non-lineal thinking; Beeman(92)-68
CBN (content-based navigation), 
	See Also links; navigation; 
	in Himotoki; Hirata(2)-11
	term definition; Lewis(21)-215
CBR (content-based retrieval), 
	See Also information, retrieval; navigation; 
	in Himotoki; Hirata(2)-11
	term definition; Lewis(21)-215
CCI (Common Client Interface), 
	as LogicWeb component; Loke(23)-236
	architecture of hypertexts on; Oren(105)-291
	current retrieval products for; Oren(105)-293
	data structures for managing; Oren(105)-291
	dynamic hypertext differences from CD-ROM hypertext; Oren(105)-293
	hypertext architecture for; Oren(105)-291
	value of hypertext to; Oren(105)-292
CGI (Common Gateway Interface), 
	LogicWeb use of; Loke(23)-237
	programs, HOSS server connections; Nuernberg(19)-200
	scripts, connecting Web pages to MOOs with; Dieberger(17)-174
	control, hypermedia requirement in a concurrent engineering environment; Malcolm(168)-14
	management, modular hypermedia system component; Shackelford(224)-1
	problems with handling; Halasz(108)-357
	propagation, plans for in Hypermedia Templates; Catlin(178)-159
	rapid, Storyspace strategies for handling; Bernstein(28)-247
	as global state precursor; Kendall(8)-75
chapter titles, 
	as navigation aid, in OpenBook system; Ichimura(229)-63
character offsets, 
	into each node, Kiosk use for point-to-point linking; Creech(169)-28
	See Also artificial intelligence (AI); dynamic, hypermedia; enactment; metaphors; 
	multiple paths provided by, value of in hypervideo; Sawhney(1)-8
	See Also open hypermedia systems (OHS); 
	ECHT '94 paper; Anderson(252)-94
	as link server; Wiil(14)-147
		Flag taxonomy classification as; Osterbye(13)-131
	as open hypermedia system; Osterbye(13)-129
	as precursor of HyperDisco; Wiil(14)-140
Chinese room problem, 
	See Also artificial intelligence (AI); 
	constraint-based hypertext analysis; Smolensky(101)-237
	EUCLID representation; Smolensky(101)-219
	EUCLID use in analyzing; Smolensky(101)-219
	what's Eliza doing there?, incoherent hyperdocuments and how to avoid them; Thuring(179)-161
	as HyperBase (GMD-IPSI) successor; Bapat(20)-204
CIC (Corresponding Information Content), 
	IWHD '95 paper; Pruckler(63)-63
CID( Computer Integrated Documentation), 
	Hypertext '91 paper; Boy(171)-51
CID (Computer Integrated Documentation), 
	screen, (figure); Boy(171)-52
	hierarchy, characteristics and use as ACE clustering method example; Hara(173)-78
	index, ability to know who calls me, as value of electronic documents; Walker(106)-313
	task, answering specific questions with; Egan(189)-299
	See Also navigation; 
	See Also metaphors; spatial, hypertext systems; time; video; 
	continuous digital video navigation in; Sawhney(1)-9
claim structures, 
	arguments, representation in NoteCards; Marshall(103)-259
	Rational Actor Model as representation for; Marshall(103)-259
	See Also object-orientation; 
	application objects, 
		identifying with bridge laws; Bieber(182)-210
		mapping to hypertext entities through bridge laws; Bieber(182)-209
	class structures linked to text, importance of point-to-point linking for software reuse environment access; Creech(169)-27
	class-based templates, plans for in Hypermedia Templates; Catlin(178)-159
	concept, creating for hypermedia application concept model; Schwabe(12)-120
	extension inclusion among, category specialization capture of concept of; Bapat(20)-208
	hierarchy of, Lynx agents as; Bernstein(28)-253
	node, CONCORDE support for; Hofmann(153)-167
	schema, navigation design, OOHDM design process; Schwabe(12)-121
	VODAK, characteristics of; Bapat(20)-206
classical studies, 
	Greece; Mylonas(310)-270
	reasons why hypertext could be valuable for; Crane(90)-53
	access control, See; 
	application support systems, See; 
	applications, See; 
	back-end systems, See; 
	conceptual foundations, See, 
	embedded link, See, WWW (World Wide Web); 
	Flag taxonomy view; Osterbye(13)-129, Osterbye(13)-130
	hyperbase, See, 
		See collaborative; 
		See dynamic; 
		See Flag; 
		See graph-based hypertext; 
		See set-based hypertext; 
		See spatial hypertext; 
		See taxonomic; 
		See time; 
	hypermedia operating systems, See, HOSS; 
	hypermedia systems, Flag taxonomy role; Osterbye(13)-129
	Kiosk use in automatic link generation; Creech(169)-28
		characteristics; Creech(169)-30
		Kiosk component nodes grouped into; Creech(169)-29
	link server, See, 
		Sun Link Service; 
	link types; Allan(5)-42
		task-oriented; Cleary(4)-31
	links, Hypertext'89 paper; DeRose(132)-249
	methodology, See, 
		See Also algorithms; 
		See Also design; 
		See Also models; 
		See Also object-orientation; 
	models, See; 
	monolithic, See, 
	of navigational strategies; Parunak(116)-43
		examples of frame-based hypertext use; Kaindl(192)-349
		Kiosk structure nodes used for node cataloging and classification; Creech(169)-29
	object-oriented, See; 
	open hyperbase, See, 
	open hypermedia systems (OHS), See, 
		DeVise Hypermedia (DHM); 
		HOSS hypermedia operating system characterstics as; 
	of paths; Zellweger(54)-3
	Petri net, See, Trellis; 
	pioneer systems, See, 
	reference models, See, 
	of reuse methods; Garzotto(10)-93
	set-based hypertext as a tool for; Parunak(230)-73
	set-based, See, Web Squirrel; 
	spatial hypertext as a method for; Marshall(242)-217
	spatial hypertext, See, 
		Web Squirrel; 
	structured systems, See, 
		ASK systems; 
		Collaboratory Notebook; 
	tasks, set-based hypermedia for; Parunak(184)-233
	temporal, See, HyperDisco; 
	versioning, See; 
	See Also open hypermedia systems (OHS); system(s); 
	approaches; Gronbaek(15)-149
		as open hyperbase example; Wiil(14)-141
	client interface, VODAK; Bapat(20)-210
	distribution, application-specific requirements; Bapat(20)-206
	Himotoki, characteristics of; Hirata(2)-17
	use as photocopier for hypertext; Frisse(91)-67
closed systems, 
	hypertext as, as assumption in current hypertext rhetoric; Moulthrop(188)-293
	inadequacies for large industrial environments; Malcolm(168)-17
	vs open systems, implications for software engineering; Garg(112)-426
	notion of, implementing with flying; Lai(176)-125
closeSession operation, 
	Dexter definition; Halasz(299)-36
	hypertext traversal, traversal order that guarantees during flying navigation; Lai(176)-130
	major issue for hypertext; Oren(105)-295
	techniques for establishing in hypertext; Oren(105)-295
	See Also information, retrieval; 
		characteristics; Hara(173)-79
		citation hierarchy characteristics and use as; Hara(173)-78
		Kernighan-Lin graph partition algorithm use by; Hara(173)-85
	ACE (Aggregation Clustering with Exceptions), Hypertext'91 paper; Hara(173)-75
	by intersection of nodes, recursion use by; Botafogo(172)-68
	by node interrelations; Botafogo(172)-66
	cluster-related workproducts, Kiosk component nodes used to group; Creech(169)-29
	hierarchies, Hypertext'89 paper; Crouch(130)-225
	image-based, Himotoki use for information retrieval; Hirata(2)-18
	information retrieval clusters, HYPERDRAWERs compared with; Gloor(175)-109
	Interactive Clustering for Navigating in Hypermedia Systems; Mukherjea(256)-136
	location cue technique; Oren(105)-297
	many-to-many relationships, as ACE proposed extension; Hara(173)-87
	media-based, classifying media representation with; Hirata(2)-17
	methods, examples; Hara(173)-78
	of contextual links, in CID; Boy(171)-55
	of related objects, aggregation defined as; Botafogo(172)-64
	relations, set operations use with ACE; Hara(173)-81
		identifying in terms of biconnected components; Botafogo(172)-68
		term definition and characteristics; Botafogo(172)-66
	software workproducts into components for building reusable software libraries; Creech(169)-25
		CYBERMAP use of overview map generation with automatic; Gloor(175)-108
		generating aggregations and exceptions with ACE; Hara(173)-75
	term definition; Weiss(18)-180
	typed links potential for support of; Botafogo(172)-72
	value of combining structure and content information in the generation of; Weiss(18)-181
	hypermedia authoring system; Hardman(39)-183
	analysis, search performance value of; Oren(105)-298
	links, in OED; Raymond(96)-152
cocktail party effect, 
	hyperspeech research into; Arons(25)-143
	C and C++ function and class library, as example of Kiosk software reuse facilities; Creech(169)-28
	See Also artificial intelligence (AI); mental models; mind; 
		OpenBook use of existing book-related skills; Ichimura(229)-63
		problem-solving with Trans-ASK, an artificial intelligence-based hypermedia system; Bareiss(232)-94
		reducing overhead, with book-like node structuring in the OpenBook system; Ichimura(229)-63
		set-based hypertext support of taxinomic reasoning; Parunak(230)-73
		set-based hypertext support of taxinomic reasoning patterns; Parunak(230)-73
	basis, for WE; Smith(100)-197
	basis for a hypertext writing environment, WE writing environment; Smith(100)-195
	CD-ROM issues; Oren(105)-299
	compatibility, as SEPIA guiding principle; Streitz(138)-343
		learning-by-exception implications; Oren(105)-300
		optimal node size; Oren(105)-299
		optimal number of links; Oren(105)-299
	grammar, being built in WE; Smith(100)-211
	Intermedia as a tool for enhancing non-lineal thinking; Beeman(92)-67
		design documentation, importance for information access; Boy(171)-57
		users forced to build when index terms do not contain context; Boy(171)-54
	modes, in writing; Smith(100)-196
		authors, as deterrent to hypertext authoring; Thuring(179)-163
		prostheses for, issues in evaluating hypertext; Wright(167)-1
		protheses for, Hypertext'91 paper; Wright(167)-1
		change in; Beeman(92)-67
		involved in argument generation; Smolensky(101)-220
		relationship between WE and users; Smith(100)-196
		system design issues relative to; Smith(100)-196
		techniques EUCLID uses to support; Smolensky(101)-232
		that underlie the writing process; Smith(100)-196
	processing of hyperdocument analysis, ECHT'92 paper; Rouet(209)-131
	representation, users forced to build when index terms do not contain context; Boy(171)-54
		contiguity relations; Oren(105)-300
		exceptions; Oren(105)-300
		similarity relations; Oren(105)-300
	skills, in reading paper documents; Walker(106)-313
	social, cognitive, and political implications of "afternoon"; Moulthrop(133)-259
	strategies of inexperienced readers, ECHT'90 paper; Rouet(160)-250
		ability to change as an issue for hypertext; Beeman(92)-67
		horf bibliographic references; Beeman(92)-85
		impact of Piaget's theories on education; Beeman(92)-68
		Intermedia as a tool for enhancing non-lineal thinking, Hypertext'87 paper; Beeman(92)-67
		nature of; Beeman(92)-67
		pluralistic; Neuwirth(95)-122, Beeman(92)-69
		reflected in NoteCards use by writers; Trigg(93)-89
		Western education processes and; Beeman(92)-68
	theories, text processing; Charney(94)-111
	theories of text processing, comprehension role of discourse cues; Charney(94)-109
	theorists, over concern about interpretive overload of hypertext; Moulthrop(188)-293
	writing task characteristics; Neuwirth(137)-319
	See Also design; integrity; 
	characteristics and types of, in text; Thuring(179)-164
	difficulty of maintaining across various representations of a concept; Smith(180)-180
	importance of, as assumption in current hypertext rhetoric; Moulthrop(188)-293
	in hypertext, 
		design rules for; Thuring(179)-161
		facilitating through a dedicated design objects; Thuring(179)-161
		reader difficulties with; Thuring(179)-163
	maintaining in a guided tour; Marshall(114)-22
	meaning construction role of; Thuring(179)-164
	navigation role of; Thuring(179)-164
	as potential result of hypertextual exploration; Rosenberg(3)-23
	See Also annotation; distributed; open hypermedia systems (OHS); 
	ABC as a system designed to support; Smith(180)-179
	annotation; Catlin(139)-365
	annotations, Knowledge Weasel support; Lawton(233)-106
	applications, application-specific requirements; Bapat(20)-206
	asynchronous, ABC as environment for; Smith(180)-183
	authoring, limited capabilities, deleterious effect on hypertext use in large industrial environments; Malcolm(168)-17
	biological research; Schnase(127)-181
	computing environments, requirements for open hypermedia systems; Wiil(14)-141
	concurrency control issues; Wiil(225)-14
	design, gIBIS support for; Conklin(102)-247
	design issues, Halasz' Seven Issues paper; Halasz(108)-345
	DeVise Hypermedia system, a Dexter-compliant cooperative architecture; Gronbaek(226)-25
	distributed hypermedia environment, graph-based data model; Shackelford(224)-1
	dynamic link resolution architecture supporting; Tompa(234)-118
	engineering characterized by; Malcolm(168)-18
	engineering environment importance of; Malcolm(168)-15
		HyperDisco designed to support; Wiil(14)-141
		supporting WWW browsing in; Dieberger(17)-170
	group members must be aware of the activities of other members; Wiil(225)-14
	HBMS support for; Wiil(14)-140
	HyperCafe opportunities for; Sawhney(1)-7
	hypermedia design issue; Halasz(108)-345, Halasz(108)-362
	hypertext systems, distinguished from multiuser hypertext systems; Wiil(225)-14
	hypervideo, requirements for; Sawhney(1)-9
	in knowledge-structuring, Aquanet support of; Marshall(186)-263
	in learning, 
		electronic conferencing use for; Ess(187)-284
		Intermedia value for; Ess(187)-278, Ess(187)-281
	information retrieval, in WWW, Juggler system support for; Dieberger(17)-170
	modes, description of six different; Gronbaek(226)-25
	MOO (MUD Object-Oriented); Dieberger(17)-170
	multiple users, 
		operating characteristics; Wiil(225)-14
		systems-oriented approaches inadequate for the needs of; Wiil(225)-14
	navigation, in Juggler; Dieberger(17)-177
	NYNEX Portholes; Girgensohn(24)-246
	process of, ABC focus on; Smith(180)-179
	requirements for; Wiil(225)-14
	reviewing too, as HOSS application; Nuernberg(19)-200
	security and privacy issues for; Oren(105)-294
	support for, as industrial hypertext requirement; Malcolm(168)-19
		ABC as environment for; Smith(180)-183
		ABCDE designed to support; Smith(180)-182
	tools for, integrating into a total information environment; Malcolm(168)-15
	VNS as information sharing tool for; Shipman, III(122)-129
	work; Wiil(14)-140
		distributed heterogeneous group environments, failure of current hypermedia tools to support; Malcolm(168)-13
		HyTime support; Buford(11)-109
	writing, WE to be extended to support; Smith(100)-210
Collaboratory Notebook, 
	as structured hypermedia systems; Cleary(4)-31
Collage notepad, 
	HyperCafe relationship to; Sawhney(1)-4
	as screen management module; Kaltenbach(174)-91
	treating the screen as; Kaltenbach(174)-92
	See Also aggregation; 
	heterogeneous text, access issues and methods; Salton(235)-131
	message, accessing; Salton(235)-131
	OOHDM relationship to; Schwabe(12)-126
	See Also images; multimedia; video; 
	format conversion handlinng; Shibata(231)-82
	location cue technique; Oren(105)-297
	media-based navigation using; Hirata(237)-159
	recognition engine use, in Himotoki; Hirata(2)-18
	tables, HyTime representation of; Buford(11)-111
		hypermedia, HOSS development plans; Nuernberg(19)-200
		hypermedia operating system implications; Nuernberg(19)-197
	set, KMS; Akscyn(86)-7
commercial systems, 
	See Guide; KMS; Storyspace; Web Squirrel; 
CommonLisp Object System, 
	Aquanet type hierarchy inheritance rules based on; Marshall(186)-265
	between hypertext database servers and their applications; Bigelow(111)-397
		hypertext strengths as opposed to paper; Oren(105)-299
		importance of iteration to; Oren(105)-299
	inter-behavior, performance implications, in a hypermedia operating system; Nuernberg(19)-198
	protocols, open hypermedia systems issues and solutions; Osterbye(13)-132
	of discourse, George Landow's goal in his Intermedia English course; Beeman(92)-72
	of learning, students active role as participants in, Intermedia encouragement of; Ess(187)-280
	dense graphs representations, importance for large hypertexts; Hara(173)-77
	of a hypertext, determining; Botafogo(172)-65
	operations, taxonomic reasoning characterized by; Parunak(184)-235
	tasks, set-based hypermedia for; Parunak(184)-233
	backward, with SGML, as HyTime benefit; Buford(11)-106
	syntactic, in Garg's abstract hypertext model; Garg(110)-387
	incremental, current Trellis research into incremental algorithms that could behave like; Stotts(183)-229
	interactive documents, virtual link marker handling; Bieber(182)-207
	ABC subgraph typing as mechanism for ensuring artifact; Smith(180)-185
	as hypertext research issue addressed by ABC graph server; Smith(180)-186
	difficulty of maintaining across various representations of a concept; Smith(180)-180
	false impression of, dangers for law and medicine; Oren(105)-298
	of artifact as a whole, as issue addressed by ABC; Smith(180)-191
	analysis, ACE; Hara(173)-81
		formal hypertext model use for analyzing; Afrati(145)-64
		limiting for links, advantages; Bernstein(28)-256
		limiting for links, disadvantages; Bernstein(28)-256
	hypertext, determining; Botafogo(172)-65
	in links, computational intractability of; Bernstein(28)-255
	in texts, Lynx tools that support the quest for deeper understanding of; Bernstein(28)-249
		hypermedia application design; Schwabe(12)-120
		in Intermedia, compared with Storyspace; Bernstein(28)-247
		in Notecards, compared with Storyspace; Bernstein(28)-247
		in Storyspace; Bernstein(28)-247
		in WWW searching, clusters as method for; Weiss(18)-180
		See Also information, hiding; 
		See Also reuse; 
		See Also separation of concerns; 
		separating behavior from structure, the case for; Nuernberg(19)-195
		through hierarchical aggregation, limitations for taxonomic reasoning; Parunak(184)-236
	mechanisms for hiding and revealing, ABC subgraph characteristics; Smith(180)-184
	relationship, need to manage as motivation for Intermedia use in teaching humanities; Ess(187)-280
	structure, spatial recognition problems with; Hara(173)-76
	See Also anchors; Dexter; links; nodes; 
	anchors, LocationSpecifier use in; Gronbaek(15)-151
	atomic, Dexter definition; Halasz(299)-33
	base, Dexter definition; Halasz(299)-34
	composites, Dexter definition; Halasz(299)-33
	descriptions, Kiosk use in automatic link generation; Creech(169)-28
		articles in Hyperties; Halasz(299)-32
		cards in NoteCards and HyperCard; Halasz(299)-32
		definition; Halasz(299)-33
		description; Halasz(299)-32
		frames in KMS; Halasz(299)-32
		statements in Augment; Halasz(299)-33
		term for node; Halasz(299)-30
	Dexter ComponentSpec, replaced by CompLocSpec class in Extended Dexter model; Gronbaek(15)-152
	in Extended Dexter model; Gronbaek(15)-154
	HDM term definition; Garzotto(190)-315
	information, Dexter definition; Halasz(299)-34
		component nodes used to cluster related workproducts into; Creech(169)-29
		structure nodes used to cluster related workproducts into component nodes; Creech(169)-29
		attributes, ComponentLocationSpecifier use of; Gronbaek(15)-152
		(CompLocSpecs), in Extended Dexter model, characteristics and attributes; Gronbaek(15)-151
	present Component operation, Dexter definition; Halasz(299)-36
	presenting the, Dexter definition; Halasz(299)-37
	runtime, distinguishing from runtime components, as function of Flag taxonomy; Osterbye(13)-129
	selection, software reuse libraries, required hypertext features; Creech(169)-27
	specifications, Dexter definition; Halasz(299)-34
	storage, distinguishing from runtime components, as function of Flag taxonomy; Osterbye(13)-129
	term definition, in Kiosk system; Creech(169)-26
	types, nodes, links, and composites as data model; Osterbye(13)-130
	unpresenting the, Dexter definition; Halasz(299)-37
	in Extended Dexter model, characteristics and attributes; Gronbaek(15)-155
CompositeReference (CompositeRef), 
	in Extended Dexter model, characteristics and attributes; Gronbaek(15)-154
	See Also aggregate; component(s); Dexter; documents; links; nodes; 
	ABC subgraphs as; Smith(180)-184
	abstract data model representation; Bapat(20)-207
	anchor reference to, permitted by HyTime standard; Buford(11)-108
	as attempt to solve hypertext disorientation problem; Botafogo(172)-63
	as issue addressed by ABC; Smith(180)-179
	as one of Halasz' seven issues for hypertext development, Botafogo's approach; Botafogo(172)-63
	components, Dexter definition; Halasz(299)-33
	contents of, as HyperStorM metaclass; Bapat(20)-209
	as data model component types; Osterbye(13)-130
	design issues, Halasz' Seven Issues paper; Halasz(108)-345
	Devise extension of types of; Gronbaek(15)-150
	DeVise Hypermedia system, a Dexter-compliant cooperative architecture, support for; Gronbaek(226)-25
	Extended Dexter model, characteristics and attributes; Gronbaek(15)-154
	HOSS hyperbase process support; Nuernberg(19)-199
	HyperBase (GMD) compared with HAM; Schutt(148)-105
	hypermedia design issue; Halasz(108)-345, Halasz(108)-355
	HyTime support; Buford(11)-109
	importance of tools to dynamically display; Kaltenbach(174)-92
	lack of, as contributor to incoherent hyperdocuments; Thuring(179)-163
	link traversal in, Extended Dexter model representation; Gronbaek(15)-156
	multimedia nodes, timing considerations handled through context specification; Hardman(39)-183
		creating through set association; Bapat(20)-208
		in OOHDM navigational design; Schwabe(12)-121
		user control of linking in; Wiil(225)-145
	proposed as a primitive hypermedia mechanism; Halasz(108)-356
	role specialization handling of; Bapat(20)-209
	semantics of; Halasz(108)-355
	spatial hypertext use in identifying; Marshall(242)-217
	versioning issues for; Halasz(108)-361
	virtual, storage organization issues; Malcolm(168)-22
	WWW deficiencies; Gronbaek(15)-155
		high-level, as advantage of object-oriented data modeling approaches; Schwabe(12)-126
		See Also complexity, management; 
	structure of electronic, relationship to rhetoric; Moulthrop(188)-291
	reader, content and presentation relationship impact on; Wright(167)-1
	tasks, poor results for hypertext systems; Egan(189)-300
	HyTime documents; Buford(11)-113
	See Also dynamic; hypermedia, operating systems; links; 
	applications, extending conceptual and navigational models to encompass; Schwabe(12)-127
	capabilities, as component of MacWeb; Nanard(228)-51
	complexity issues, formal hypertext model use for analyzing; Afrati(145)-64
	computational tools, importance for dealing with large-scale hypertext structures; Bernstein(28)-245
	computed documents, Extended Dexter representation of links that generate; Gronbaek(15)-150
	conditional path mechanisms; Zellweger(54)-2
	design issues, Halasz' Seven Issues paper; Halasz(108)-345
	Dexter within-component layer, bridge law implementation of; Bieber(182)-210
	during link traversal, HyperDisco support of; Wiil(14)-147
	engines, hypermedia design issue; Halasz(108)-345
	environments, lack of information and tool integration as critical problem for; Wiil(14)-140
	filtered, DSS shell architecture with a dynamic hypertext interface provision for; Bieber(182)-207
	HyperDisco support of; Wiil(14)-141
		operating systems as a new paradigm for; Nuernberg(19)-194
		platform dimension, characteristics of; Wiil(14)-141
	HyTime support; Buford(11)-109
	intractability, of inductive hypertext structure determination; Bernstein(28)-255
		adaptive events as; Stotts(183)-221
		computational intractability of; Bernstein(28)-255
		difficulties in identifying link anchors with, as a graph construction issue; Lai(176)-125
		endpoint, Extended Dexter model example; Gronbaek(15)-152
		Extended Dexter representation of; Gronbaek(15)-150
		limiting complexity, advantages; Bernstein(28)-256
		limiting complexity, disadvantages; Bernstein(28)-256
		link management system capabilities, importance for knowledge representation; Nanard(191)-330
		locSpec representation of; Gronbaek(15)-157
		restricting, advantages of; Bernstein(28)-255
		restricting, disadvantages of; Bernstein(28)-256
	over structure, link traversal considered as a behavioral process; Nuernberg(19)-195
	semantics, modular hypermedia system component; Shackelford(224)-1
	semantics of hypermedia relationships viewed as; Nuernberg(19)-195
	type relationships use for guiding; Nanard(191)-333
	undecidable, for inductive description of hypertext structure; Bernstein(28)-255
computer-aided engineering, 
	as a hypermedia application; Halasz(108)-345
computer-generated speech, 
	integration into hypermedia environment, as industrial hypertext requirement; Malcolm(168)-19
	See Also abstractions; 
	artifact conceptual model, hypertext use for in ABC; Smith(180)-179
	-based navigation; Hirata(2)-11
		attributes, defining a node by combining; Schwabe(12)-121
		creation aggregation hierarchies; Schwabe(12)-120
	communication of, explicit links as aid to; Oren(105)-299
	concept papers, as artifact component; Smith(180)-179
		design of hypermedia applications, OOHDM design process; Schwabe(12)-120
		framework for hypervideo; Sawhney(1)-1
		markup, creating hypertext structure from linear documents with; Nanard(191)-331
		models, disorientation problems resulting from weaknesses in; Nanard(191)-329
		space, computer reflection of; Kendall(8)-75
	connections, ability to capture as an advantage of electronic documents over paper documents; Collier(104)-286
		philosophy and psychology of hypertext, ECHT'92 paper; Jones(210)-141
		See Also classification, basic concepts; 
		See Also Moulthrop; 
		See Also rhetoric; 
	hypertext requirements for analysis of; Bernstein(28)-244
	incompletely-understood, value of volatile hypertext for dealing with; Bernstein(28)-244
	information retrieval based on; Clitherow(135)-295
	large complex structures of, ABC focus on collaborative development process; Smith(180)-179
		Intermedia, overview files as; Landow(56)-335
		Intermedia, tool to teach multi-causal analysis; Beeman(92)-75
		location problem solution; Oren(105)-296
		hypertext; Frisse(91)-59
		OOHDM design process; Schwabe(12)-120
	planes, partitioning a network with conceptual planes in Thoth-II; Collier(104)-284
	read wear, Juggler use of; Dieberger(17)-176
		among, representing by link and node typing; Nanard(191)-330
		among, representing with types; Nanard(191)-333
	representing with types; Nanard(191)-333
	visualization of as an Intermedia goal; Beeman(92)-71
concordance generation, 
	limitation of for scholarship; Bernstein(28)-256
CONCORDE (CONnected Card-ORienteD Entities), 
	ECHT '90 paper; Hofmann(153)-166
	See Document Examiner; 
	See Also collaboration; distributed; hypermedia, operating systems; open hypermedia systems (OHS); systems issues; Trellis; 
	access in Knowledge Weasel; Lawton(233)-106
		application-specific; Shackelford(224)-1
		application-specific requirements; Bapat(20)-206
		as advantage of database implementator of storage and application layers; Bapat(20)-204
		as industrial hypertext requirement; Malcolm(168)-19
		characteristics and requirements for an industrial hypermedia environment; Malcolm(168)-21
		HyperDisco support of; Wiil(14)-141
		hypermedia requirement in a concurrent engineering environment; Malcolm(168)-14
		importance in a large industrial environment; Malcolm(168)-18
		in Collaborative Hypertext Systems; Wiil(225)-14
		inadequacies of systems-oriented approaches; Wiil(225)-14
		supported by gIBIS; Conklin(102)-249
		techniques in collaborative distributed hypertext systems; Wiil(225)-14
	engineering, hypermedia requirements for support of; Malcolm(168)-14
	HyperStorM support for; Bapat(20)-211
	issues; Rosenberg(3)-22
	managing one-to-many links with a dynamic link resolution architecture; Tompa(234)-118
	Petri net, graph grammar impact of; Stotts(155)-184
	semantics, graph-based data model approaches; Shackelford(224)-1
	structure process control issues, in hypermedia operating systems; Nuernberg(19)-201
conditional computation, 
	modeling source code call tree with; Bigelow(111)-402
	hypertext, Seeconferences web page; 
	distributed, MOO systems use for; Dieberger(17)-171
	HOT (Hypermedia Object-oriented Toolkit) use for; Puttress(143)-32
		ABC support of shared windows; Smith(180)-182
		as industrial hypertext requirement; Malcolm(168)-19
		author and reader behavior, Xanadu analysis in light of; Samuelson(170)-39
		educational use of with Intermedia; Ess(187)-284
	window, modular hypermedia system component; Shackelford(224)-1
	Configuration Diagrams, user interface and navigation object relationships expressed with; Schwabe(12)-123
		compared with DIF forms; Garg(112)-416
		information structure; Garg(112)-416
	management tools, 
		as industrial hypertext requirement; Malcolm(168)-19
		characteristics and requirements for an industrial hypermedia environment; Malcolm(168)-21
		integration of hypertext with, importance to software reuse environment; Creech(169)-27
	in the sharing of information, 
		hypermedia design issue; Akscyn(86)-9
		KMS approach to; Akscyn(86)-18
connected graphs, 
	as ABC subgraph type; Smith(180)-184
	characteristics of; Beeman(92)-71
	issues, in current hypertext rhetoric; Moulthrop(188)-293
	text and graphics, Intermedia goal; Beeman(92)-71
	ABC subgraph typing as mechanism for ensuring artifact; Smith(180)-185
	across subgraphs, ABC approach to; Smith(180)-179
	as hypertext research issue addressed by ABC graph server; Smith(180)-186
	design problems; Catlin(178)-158
	difficulty of maintaining across various representations of a concept; Smith(180)-180
	frame-based hypertext advantages for; Kaindl(192)-354
	hypermedia collections, 
		document formatting guidelines as aid for; Catlin(178)-147
		relationship to solving disorientation problems; Catlin(178)-147
	management scheme, link management with in Kiosk; Creech(169)-28
	of artifact as a whole, as issue addressed by ABC; Smith(180)-191
	See Also complexity management; models; 
	application, importance of expressing in terms of hypermedia engine functionality; Bapat(20)-203
	application-specific, abstract hypermedia engine maintenance of; Bapat(20)-208
	CONCORDE support for; Hofmann(153)-167
	constraint-based, display; Smolensky(101)-216
	constraint-based hypertext, in EUCLID argumentation support system; Smolensky(101)-215
	constraint-based hypertext (CBH), 
		EUCLID capabilities; Smolensky(101)-234
		for argumentation; Smolensky(101)-215
		foundation for EUCLID (diagram); Smolensky(101)-237
	context sensitive menus, in gIBIS; Conklin(102)-249
	Dexter, required in order to maintain the invariants; Halasz(299)-35
	graphical display, 
		Document Examiner use to show document structure; Walker(106)-318
		NoteCards use to show argument patterns; Marshall(103)-262
	in search tasks, structure and content as potential; Walker(106)-321
	inter-semantic-relationships, considerations; Bapat(20)-209
	mechanism, for tailoring HyperStorM to application-specific needs; Bapat(20)-208
	need for in addition to free-form browsing; Smith(100)-212
	structural, VODAK enforcement mechanism; Bapat(20)-207
	structure, role in enhancing coherence and consistency; Marshall(242)-217
	hypertext kit, incoherent hyperdocuments and how to avoid them; Thuring(179)-161
	of paths through networks; Charney(94)-111
	volatile hypertexts characterized by; Bernstein(28)-243
constructive hypertext, 
	See Also collaboration; interaction; 
	HyperCafe plans for; Sawhney(1)-6
	Link Apprentice relationship to; Bernstein(157)-214
	See Also Dexter for a discussion of the separation of content, structure, and runtime aspects of a hypertext; presentation; structure(s); 
	accessing by, Lynx support for; Bernstein(28)-250
	addressability, in HyTime standard; Buford(11)-108
	addressing mechanism, sbento, as data content notation in HyTime; Buford(11)-111
		bridge laws as a tool for invoking; Bieber(182)-212
		importance for overview map generation by CYBERMAP; Gloor(175)-111
		index-based, in CYBERMAP; Gloor(175)-112
	analysis of texts, hypertext generation using; Hammwohner(97)-155
	anchors as glue between structure and; Osterbye(13)-130
	associated with both links and nodes in ABC; Smith(180)-184
		navigation; Hirata(2)-11, Lewis(21)-215
		navigation, visual, in Himotoki; Hirata(2)-18
		retrieval; Hirata(2)-11, Lewis(21)-215
		retrieval, as hypermedia context, HyTime suitability question; Buford(11)-108
		retrieval, HyTime suitability for; Buford(11)-112
	content-based search, an access mechanism for hypermedia systems; Halasz(108)-354
	content-oriented fragmentation, documents; Hammwohner(97)-156
	distinction between structure and, 
		as crucial to hypermedia systems; Osterbye(13)-131
		as function of Flag taxonomy; Osterbye(13)-129
		as open hypermedia system characteristic; Osterbye(13)-130
		apparent deletion through timing alterations, in Trellis; Stotts(183)-225
		browsing semantics alternations without alteration of, in Trellis; Stotts(183)-224
	existing, Dexter recognition of; Gronbaek(15)-149
	as HyperStorM metaclass; Bapat(20)-209
	hypertext, design objects for building; Thuring(179)-161
	independence, importance for heterogeneous software reuse environment; Creech(169)-28
	indexed search, supported by query-based access in OpenBook system; Ichimura(229)-63
	link hypertext clustering, 
		algorithm; Weiss(18)-180
		in HyPursuit; Weiss(18)-180
	linking, automatic methods for; Allan(5)-42
	locator attributes, LocationSpecifier use of; Gronbaek(15)-151
	oriented, integration; Hirata(2)-11
	representation, document structure analysis; Salton(6)-53
	structure as, in hypertext writing; Bernstein(28)-245
	variables for, Hypermedia Templates substitution symbols future use as; Catlin(178)-159
	See Also anchors; 
	acquisition; Boy(171)-51
		in technical documentation; Boy(171)-51
		incremental, CID paradigm description; Boy(171)-52
		problem, term definition; Boy(171)-54
	Amsterdam Hypertext Model, Extended Dexter model representation; Gronbaek(15)-156
		characteristics and components; Schwabe(12)-123
		navigational class relationship to; Schwabe(12)-123
	context acquisition problem, term definition; Boy(171)-54
	CoVer contextual version server, 
		ECHT'92 paper; Haake(200)-43
		ECHT'94 paper; Haake(251)-81
	cues, importance of, current hypertext rhetoric acceptance of; Moulthrop(188)-293
	distinctions, role in KMS user interface; Akscyn(86)-7
	DynamicDesign use in grouping project components into categories; Bigelow(111)-399
	encapsulating into types, value for scientific research; Nanard(191)-332
	factual, typed anchors as a representation of; Nanard(228)-51
	Garg's abstract hypertext model, definition in; Garg(110)-391
		fisheye display use for, in an industrial hypermedia environment; Malcolm(168)-21
		fisheye views use in balancing local detail with; Noik(240)-192
	guided search, SuperBook System support of; Egan(189)-302
		definition; Campbell(87)-22
		in intelligent software hypertext systems; Garg(112)-419
		mechanism for partitioning a hypertext; Garg(110)-391
		object that partitions the HAM graph object; Campbell(87)-22
		structure grouping; Bigelow(111)-398
	as HAM data object; Bapat(20)-204
	high-level, value of table of contents in providing; Walker(106)-313
	hypermedia, non-text media, HyTime suitability question; Buford(11)-108
	hypermedia link anchors, importance for presentation control; Hardman(39)-183
	importance for, 
		adequate indexing; Boy(171)-53
		effective browsing of large documents; Boy(171)-54
	importance in improving retrieval effectiveness; Salton(6)-53
	in collaborative work, annotations used to specify; Lawton(233)-106
	in non-linear documentation, problem in gIBIS; Conklin(102)-250
		for hypertext documents; Boy(171)-51
		value for both design and operational documentation; Boy(171)-57
	indexing hypertext documents in, Hypertext'91 paper; Boy(171)-51
		HyperCafe use for destination decisions; Sawhney(1)-5
		impact of context change on screen layout semantics; Kaltenbach(174)-92
		saving and chaining, as application of rubber sheet layouts; Kaltenbach(174)-101
	interactive, managing with a dynamic link resolution architecture; Tompa(234)-118
	issues in Document Examiner, compared with Intermedia webs; Walker(106)-321
	lack of, as problem with WWW browsers; Jones(16)-165
	link, making the source and destination explicit wtih; Hardman(39)-183
	links, knowledge of documentation use maintained in, in CID; Boy(171)-55
		avoiding false information retrieval hits with; Salton(235)-131
		providing with conversational AI-based models; Bareiss(232)-94
		resolving text ambiguities with; Salton(235)-131
	maintaining in a guided tour; Marshall(114)-22
	of narratives, shifting of in HyperCafe; Sawhney(1)-6
		abstract, Rhetorical Structure Theory as foundation for specifying; Schwabe(12)-127
		term definition; Schwabe(12)-122
		model, Hypertext'91 paper; Casanova(181)-193
		navigational contexts based on; Schwabe(12)-122
	nested context model for hyperdocuments; Casanova(181)-193
		nested context model use of; Casanova(181)-193
		term definition, in nested context model; Casanova(181)-194
	NoteCards browsers use to provide, influence on Aquanet; Marshall(186)-263
	partitioning hypertext with; Garg(110)-391
	provided by human expert, capturing with Trans-ASK, an artificial intelligence-based hypermedia system; Bareiss(232)-94
	recontextualizing of video clips, as semantic shifting technique; Sawhney(1)-6
	schema, navigation design, OOHDM design process; Schwabe(12)-121
	sensitive menus, use to constrain user actions in gIBIS; Conklin(102)-249
	source and destination anchors, identifying through types; Nanard(228)-51
	spatial, shifting of, in HyperCafe; Sawhney(1)-6
	in textual virtual environment, providing through room descriptions; Dieberger(17)-176
	user, Web navigation aided by; Loke(23)-240
	Brown University's Intermedia-based English course; Landow(56)-331
	Intermedia-based Brown University survey course in British Literature, Dickens Web extracted from; Catlin(178)-150
		computer science representation of; Oren(105)-300
		representation of; Oren(105)-300
	similarity and contiguity in hypertext systems; Oren(105)-301
	See Also Joyce; rhetoric; spatial, hypertext systems; structure(s); 
	of constructive hypertexts, ECHT'92 paper; Bernstein(212)-161
	as visual characteristic of hypertext; Tolva(7)-66
ConTour system, 
	as hypervideo system; Sawhney(1)-8
contractual commitments, 
	legal issues for hypertext developers; Jones, III, Esq.(109)-372
	author, impact of hypertext on; Moulthrop(188)-292
	flow, distinguishing from data flow, in frame-based hypertext; Kaindl(192)-352
	knowledge, declarative representation of, in frame-based hypertext; Kaindl(192)-352
	panel, CID interface use of; Boy(171)-51
	process, functional link capability for, as industrial hypermedia requirement; Malcolm(168)-20
	significant defining characteristic of printed book; Moulthrop(188)-293
	structures, changing, impact of hypertext reader control on the structure and meaning of information; Moulthrop(188)-292
	models, providing local context for a knowledge base with; Bareiss(232)-94
	See Also collaboration; enactment; interaction; 
	characteristics of that have relevance for hypertext; Smolensky(101)-215
	fictional, HyperCafe handling of; Sawhney(1)-1
	for action, search for expertise and detail as a; Frisse(91)-58
	HyperCafe interactions; Sawhney(1)-2
	hypertext comparison with; Kendall(8)-74
		artificial conversations, creating in the MIT Media Lab hyperspeech system; Arons(25)-143
		hyperspeech (MIT Media Lab system); Arons(25)-133
		hyperspeech research simulation of; Arons(25)-143
	representation in HyperCafe; Sawhney(1)-7
	with friends, IWHD'95 paper; Bernstein(81)-1
	text to hypertext, 
		OED experience; Raymond(96)-144
		reasons for; Raymond(96)-147
	processes, dynamic link resolution using; Tompa(234)-118
	external back-end systems, with a dynamic hypertext interface; Bieber(182)-213
	external front-end systems, with a dynamic hypertext interface; Bieber(182)-211
	information, paper document value; Walker(106)-313
	categories, impact of digital media on; Samuelson(170)-40
	electronic publishing extensions to the model, analysis of Xanadu extensions; Samuelson(170)-39
	fair use provision, reasons for Xanadu elimination of; Samuelson(170)-43
	hypertext system issues; Jones, III, Esq.(109)-367
	law; Jones, III, Esq.(109)-367
	legal considerations; Jones, III, Esq.(109)-368
	Xanadu intellectual property system contrasted with; Samuelson(170)-43
CORE (Chemistry Online Retrieval Experiment), 
	Hypertext '91 paper; Egan(189)-299
	difficulty of maintaining across various representations of a concept; Smith(180)-180
	measures, HyperSet support of computation among sets; Parunak(184)-238
	taxonomic reasoning characterized by; Parunak(184)-235
	advantages over manual construction of structured libraries; Creech(169)-30
	hypertext structure generation by; Creech(169)-28
	information access, DCS design constraint; Shackelford(224)-1
	linking related software workproducts into components using; Creech(169)-26
	an object, definition; Garg(110)-377
	ECHT '92 paper; Haake(200)-43
	ECHT '94 paper; Haake(251)-81
crash recovery, 
	See Also HyperDisco; hypermedia, operating systems; open hypermedia systems (OHS); system requirements; versioning; 
	as advantage of database implementator of storage and application layers; Bapat(20)-204
	application-specific requirements; Bapat(20)-206
CreateAtomicComponent function, 
	Dexter definition; Halasz(299)-36
CreateComponent function, 
	Dexter definition; Halasz(299)-36
CreateCompositeComponent function, 
	Dexter definition; Halasz(299)-36
CreateLinkComponent function, 
	Dexter definition; Halasz(299)-36
CreateNewComponent function, 
	Dexter definition; Halasz(299)-36
	arguments, hypertext representation of in EUCLID; Smolensky(101)-227
	links in DynamicDesign; Bigelow(111)-405
	text, relationship to creating arguments; Smolensky(101)-227
	thinking, vs reciting of facts; Beeman(92)-74
	writing, software for; Bolter(89)-41
	Intermedia role in catalyzing; Ess(187)-285
	See Also evaluation; requirements; standards; 
	for evaluating automated linking systems; Cleary(4)-31
	search, as computed link, Extended Dexter model example of; Gronbaek(15)-152
critical thinking, 
	See cognitive; structured hypermedia systems; 
	effect of link choices on; Landow(56)-333
	non-lineal thinking as a component of; Beeman(92)-67
	teaching with Intermedia; Beeman(92)-67
cross references, 
	Andrew Toolkit application development facilities; Sherman(142)-18
cross-file links, 
	accessing multiple NoteCards files with; Trigg(93)-93
CSCW (Computer Supported Cooperative Work), 
	gIBIS as an example of CSCW for systems; Conklin(102)-247
	KMS as hypermedia system that provides; Akscyn(86)-1
	levels of description for in gIBIS; Conklin(102)-250
	MCC Software Technology Program through the Design Journal project; Conklin(102)-247
	problems and issues; Trigg(93)-103
		Trigg86b bibliographic reference; Trigg(93)-108
	real-time multi-user network construction supported by gIBIS; Conklin(102)-249
	research into CSCW as one of gIBIS design goals; Conklin(102)-248
	WE to be extended to support collaborative writing; Smith(100)-210
CSCW (computer-supported cooperative work), 
	knowledge-structuring collaboration, Aquanet support of; Marshall(186)-263
	system-level hypertext support for; Bieber(182)-206
Cuban missile crisis, 
	modeling the strategy in NoteCards; Marshall(103)-256
	continuity, importance of balance between innovation and, in the development of rhetoric; Moulthrop(188)-293
	transitions, rhetoric as bridge between technology and meaning during; Moulthrop(188)-292
cursor images, 
	KMS, context-sensitive icons; Akscyn(86)-7
	maintenance training, hypermedia projects at Boeing; Malcolm(168)-15
	support, hypermedia requirements for support of, in a concurrent engineering environment; Malcolm(168)-14
	See Also extensibility; open hypermedia systems (OHS); tailorability; 
	design issues, Halasz' Seven Issues paper; Halasz(108)-345
	importance for industrial hypertext; Malcolm(168)-18
	importance of for open systems work; Gronbaek(15)-150
	of nodes, context classes use for; Schwabe(12)-123
	NoteCards, facilities for; Trigg(93)-99
	of browsing facility, CID contextual indexing provision of; Boy(171)-59
	HyperCafe relationship to; Sawhney(1)-2
	characteristics of an ideal; Gloor(175)-108
	compared with Intermedia Web View; Gloor(175)-117
	Hypertext '91 paper; Gloor(175)-107
	social and political implications of "afternoon"; Moulthrop(133)-259
	See Greco, Diane; 
	Hypertext with Consequences: Recovering a Politics of Hypertext, Hypertext '96 paper; Greco(9)-85
Cyc project, 
	See Also artificial intelligence (AI); 
	navigation aids for; Travers(124)-147
	potential value of hypertext for; Kaindl(192)-347
		relationship to; Clitherow(135)-298
		use for describing conceptual relationships, as a navigation aid; Nanard(191)-329