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Index


A


'A Life Set for Two', 
	hypertext poetry, dynamics of; Kendall(8)-74
AAA (Author's Argumentation Assistant), 
	ECHT'90 paper; Schuler(151)-137
ABC (Artifact-Based Collaboration) system, 
	DGS (Distributed Graph Storage) component, Hypertext '93 paper; Shackelford(224)-1
	Hypertext '91 paper; Smith(180)-179
abstractions, 
	See Also models; representation; semantic(s); 
	abstract attributes, attaching to concepts through node and link types; Nanard(191)-333
	abstract containers in Trellis, DSS shell architecture with a dynamic hypertext interface formatting templates analogous to; Bieber(182)-207
	abstract content, DSS shell architecture with a dynamic hypertext interface handling of; Bieber(182)-207
	abstract hypertext models, characteristics needed to support set-based hypertext; Parunak(184)-240
	abstract knowledge structure, developing with hypertext; Marshall(103)-254
	Abstraction Mechanisms model, Hypertext'87 paper; Garg(110)-375
	ADV, 
		OOHDM use to describe the user interface of a hypermedia application; Schwabe(12)-123
		specifying the behavior of user interface objects with; Schwabe(12)-123
	advantages of a design model for comparing hypertexts at a high level of; Garzotto(190)-315
	as equivalent of Halasz' composition; Botafogo(172)-64
	classes, in Extended Dexter model; Gronbaek(15)-151
	contiguity relations easier to learn than; Oren(105)-300
	data, 
		extensibility of, as hypermedia platform dimension; Wiil(14)-141
		types, HOSS support of; Nuernberg(19)-199
	data types; Perlman(308)-260
	descriptions in NoteCards, IDE as an example; Marshall(103)-267
	encouragement of, by rubber sheet layouts; Kaltenbach(174)-101
	formal hypertext theory, extenstions to Garg's work, ECHT '90 paper; Afrati(145)-54
	functions, HyPursuit; Weiss(18)-180
	high-level, as advantage of object-oriented data modeling approaches; Schwabe(12)-126
	hypermedia, 
		data model, semantic relationships in; Bapat(20)-207
		model, defining; Bapat(20)-209
		model, tailoring; Bapat(20)-209
	in hypermedia applications, HOT (Hypermedia Object-oriented Toolkit); Puttress(143)-29
	in OOHDM, interface models; Schwabe(12)-123
	levels of, simultaneously displaying information at different; Noik(240)-192
	mechanism, for expressing semantics, MacWeb facilities; Nanard(191)-334
	mechanisms, aggregation; Schwabe(12)-123
	mechanisms for, value for hypertext; Garg(110)-375
	multiple levels of, provided by Flag taxonomy; Osterbye(13)-129
	node, key characteristic of Thoth-II; Collier(104)-273
	selecting proper level of, for multimedia navigation and interface design; Schwabe(12)-116
	storage format; Perlman(308)-260
	structural, 
		advantages of; Nuernberg(19)-196
		entity, See associations; 
		taxonomy; Nuernberg(19)-200
	term definition; Botafogo(172)-63
		in mathematics of formal hypertext model; Afrati(145)-62
access, 
	See Also information, retrieval; navigation; security; 
	accessor function, 
		Dexter constraints; Halasz(299)-35
		Dexter definition; Halasz(299)-32
	collaborative; Lawton(233)-106
	control, 
		application-specific requirements; Bapat(20)-206
		HyperDisco support of; Wiil(14)-141
		hypermedia operating system advantages for; Nuernberg(19)-196
		KMS approach to; Akscyn(86)-18
		limitations of current systems; Bapat(20)-206
		See also locking; 
		See Also systems issues; 
	from multiple platforms, in DeVise Hypermedia system; Gronbaek(226)-25
	mechanisms, 
		hyperindices; Bruza(149)-109
		navigational; Halasz(108)-353
		query-based; Halasz(108)-353
	multi-user, HyperBase (GMD-IPSI) and CHS as providers of; Bapat(20)-204
	paths, multiple; Conklin(102)-249
	protection, graph-based data model approaches; Shackelford(224)-1
	structures, semantics of, in OOHDM design process; Schwabe(12)-121
	to and from system tools, 
		in Document Examiner; Walker(106)-320
		interfacing System Factory tools with DIF; Garg(112)-416
		issue in using NoteCards; Trigg(93)-95
access control list (ACL), 
	HAM data security facility; Campbell(87)-24
access controls, 
	as industrial hypertext requirement; Malcolm(168)-19
	handling through timing alterations, in Trellis; Stotts(183)-227
	hypermedia requirement in a concurrent engineering environment; Malcolm(168)-14
	importance in a large industrial environment; Malcolm(168)-18
	importance in education environment; Ess(187)-278
ACE (Aggregation Clustering with Exceptions), 
	Hypertext '91 paper; Hara(173)-75
acquariums, 
	See Also applications; 
	as Himotoki application; Hirata(2)-19
acquisition phase, 
	knowledge representation, using hypertext for; Marshall(103)-254
actemes, 
	See Also classification, theory; composites; dynamic; episode; links; scenes; structure(s); 
	characteristics and relationship to hypertext structure; Rosenberg(3)-22
	as low-level unit of hypertextual activity; Rosenberg(3)-22
actions, 
	encoding in, 
		I-SHYS; Garg(112)-423
		software hypertext environment; Garg(112)-410
activation, 
	spreading, in FIRST concept network specification; Lucarella(147)-85
active, 
	See Also time; 
	hypertext, concept description; Garg(112)-410
	text, 
		adaptive documentation use of; Kaindl(192)-354
		implemented with message passing in frame-based hypertext; Kaindl(192)-349
		importance in maintaining up-to-date documentation; Kaindl(192)-354
	values, use in KEE frame-based hypertext; Kaindl(192)-347
	views, synthesizing specific, value for scientific research; Nanard(191)-332
activity(s), 
	See Also behavior; dynamic; 
	hypertext, structure of; Rosenberg(3)-22
	spaces, SEPIA term definition; Thuring(179)-163
	tracking, HyTime support of; Buford(11)-111
acyclic connected graphs, 
	as ABC subgraph type; Smith(180)-184
adaptation, 
	to user skill level and task, in a DSS shell architecture with a dynamic hypertext interface; Bieber(182)-207
	Trellis term definition; Stotts(183)-220
adaptive hypertext, 
	agents, associated with links, Trellis use of; Stotts(183)-223
	documentation, 
		active text use for, frame-based hypertext; Kaindl(192)-354
		browsing system in CID; Boy(171)-54
	events, term definition; Stotts(183)-221
	Trellis timing mechanism use for hypertext; Stotts(183)-219
adaptive indexing, 
	using in online books; Remde(98)-177
addressing scheme, 
	Xanadu; Nelson(85)-0
administrative documents, 
	as artifact component; Smith(180)-179
ADT (abstract data types), 
	HOSS support of; Nuernberg(19)-199
ADV (Abstract Data View), 
	Charts, specifying the behavior of user interface objects with; Schwabe(12)-123
	IWHD '95 paper; Rossi(70)-131
	OOHDM use to describe the user interface of a hypermedia application.; Schwabe(12)-123
aesthetics, 
	See Also design; Kendall; Moulthrop; people, Rosenberg; people, Tolva; rhetoric; 
	design, HyperCafe; Sawhney(1)-2
	structures, in hypervideo; Sawhney(1)-1
affinity, 
	between nodes, identifying in CYBERMAP; Gloor(175)-111
'afternoon, a story', 
	See Also fiction; literature; rhetoric; 
	historical, literary, and social significance; Moulthrop(133)-259
	HyperCafe relationship to; Sawhney(1)-5
	hypertext publication, link plot analysis of; Bernstein(28)-248
Agenda, 
	agents, characteristics, compared with Lynx; Bernstein(28)-253
agenda-keeper, 
	potential user interface feature for hypertext; Frisse(91)-67
'Agent Stories', 
	See Also enactment; hypertext with characters; narratives; 
	as example of multi-character impact on video; Sawhney(1)-8
	HyperCafe relationship to; Sawhney(1)-2
agents, 
	See Also artificial intelligence (AI); dynamic; 
	adaptation, associated with links, Trellis use of; Stotts(183)-223
	categories of agents in I-SHYS; Garg(112)-418
	in Agenda, characteristics, compared with Lynx; Bernstein(28)-253
	in Lynx, pattern recognition; Bernstein(28)-253
	in ObjectLens, characteristics, compared with Lynx; Bernstein(28)-253
	information, user-created link profile used by the HieNet; Wiil(225)-145
	lexical, link apprentices compared with in literature analysis; Bernstein(28)-254
	model, in hypertext systems; Oren(105)-302
	relationship of tasks to agents in I-SHYS; Garg(112)-423
	role in the I-SHYS software environment; Garg(112)-418
	similarity-based, literature analysis use of; Bernstein(28)-253
aggregation, 
	See Also composites; links; relationship; sets; 
	ABC subgraphs use for; Smith(180)-184
	as abstraction mechanism, in OOHDM; Schwabe(12)-123
	ACE (Aggregation Clustering with Exceptions); Hara(173)-75
	annotation sets in Knowledge Weasel; Lawton(233)-106
	as an abstraction type; Botafogo(172)-64
	as only composition type referred by Halasz; Botafogo(172)-64
	as class of link types; Allan(5)-43
	concept classes; Schwabe(12)-120
	contextual link clustering in CID; Boy(171)-55
	contrasted with generalizations in Garg's abstract hypertext model; Garg(110)-383
	database, use of concept in hypertext; Garg(110)-376
	developing for semantic clusters in hypertexts; Botafogo(172)-66
	entities; Garzotto(190)-313
	frame-based hypertext templates, use in filtering structures; Kaindl(192)-352
	hierarchical, limitations for taxonomic reasoning; Parunak(184)-236
	HYPERDRAWER characteristics, as CYBERMAP aggregate; Gloor(175)-109
	as hypertext abstraction, mathematical model; Garg(110)-382
	identification, Hypertext'91 paper; Botafogo(172)-63
	identifying in hypertext structures; Botafogo(172)-63
	implementing hypertext database relationships through exceptions and; Hara(173)-75
	in Garg's abstract hypertext model, See Also; 
	in graphical browsers, importance for large information spaces; Hara(173)-77
	Kiosk structure nodes use for both user access and understanding; Creech(169)-29
	links; Allan(5)-42
	modeling with sets, contrasted with set-based hypermedia for taxonomic reasoning; Parunak(184)-234
	relations, in Extended Dexter model; Gronbaek(15)-151
	sequence objects with special constraints; Garg(110)-382
	set theoretic treatment of; Garg(110)-382
	spatial hypertext, term definition; Marshall(242)-217
	techniques, application to organizational links; Hara(173)-76
	term definition; Botafogo(172)-63
		in mathematics of formal hypertext model; Afrati(145)-62
AI (artificial intelligence), 
	differences between hypertext and AI; Oren(105)-292
	EUCLID as an AI-based system for argumentation and reasoning; Smolensky(101)-233
	hypermedia synergy with; Kaltenbach(174)-101
	hypertext integration with expert systems, in a maintenance support application; Hayes(121)-119
	hypertext value for knowledge acquisition; Kaindl(192)-346
	integration of hypertext systems into; Frisse(91)-63
	knowledge structuring formalisms, contrasted with text structuring of hypertext; Kaindl(192)-345
	knowledge-based systems, LogicWeb compared with; Loke(23)-240
	modeling the semantics of text units with knowledge-based techniques; Hammwohner(97)-161
	plans as automatic linking mechanism used in ASK systems, analysis of results; Cleary(4)-34
	representation framework, issues and open questions; Cleary(4)-31
	rule-based knowledge, not the only kind of knowledge representable in hypertexts; Nanard(191)-330
	Searle's Chinese room debate and the EUCLID system; Smolensky(101)-219
	semantic modeling with; Hammwohner(97)-155
algebra, 
	techniques from, compared with EUCLID reason-support system; Smolensky(101)-232
algorithms, 
	See Also classification, methodology; formalisms; models; system(s); 
	clustering; Weiss(18)-181
	developing for decomposition diagrams with ABC tools; Smith(180)-188
	generation, overview maps in CYBERMAP requirements; Gloor(175)-113
	graph theory, identifying aggregates in hypertext structures with; Botafogo(172)-63
	greedy, potential as ACE implementation algorithm; Hara(173)-88
	incremental, current Trellis research; Stotts(183)-229
	Kernighan-Lin graph partition, generating aggregations and exceptions with; Hara(173)-75
	Kernighan-Lin graph partition algorithm, ACE use of; Hara(173)-84
	media-based navigation; Hirata(237)-159
	Miyabi, Himotoki image navigation use of; Hirata(2)-18
	pre-fetching, HOSS development plans; Nuernberg(19)-201
	suffix-stripping, hypertext information retrieval use of; Frisse(91)-61
aliasing, 
	unlimited, characteristics of; Remde(98)-177
	user-defined index terms, SuperBook capability; Remde(98)-178
AllAttributes function, 
	Dexter definition; Halasz(299)-36
alliteration, 
	patterns of, exploration with dot plots; Bernstein(28)-254
allusion, 
	exploration with dot plots; Bernstein(28)-254
ambiguity, 
	See Also Joyce; Landow; Moulthrop; narratives; rhetoric; 
	need to manage, as motivation for Intermedia use in teaching humanities; Ess(187)-280
	representation with time-varying content; Kendall(8)-78
	representing with spatial hypertext; Marshall(242)-217
Amsterdam Hypermedia Model (AHM), 
	See Also dynamic; models; multimedia; open hypermedia systems (OHS); time; 
	adding time and context to the Dexter model; Halasz(296)-50
	context notion, Extended Dexter model representation; Gronbaek(15)-156
	HyperCafe relationship to; Sawhney(1)-5
	Hypertext '93 paper; Hardman(39)-183
	HyTime relationship to with respect to time; Buford(11)-109
analogies, 
	makers of, as automated linking method in HieNet; Cleary(4)-33
analogous transformations, 
	finding for chemical reactions, comparison of printed, hypertext, and full-text retrieval for; Egan(189)-299
analogy makers, 
	See Also automated link; information, retrieval; mental models; 
analysis phase, 
	knowledge representation, using hypertext for; Marshall(103)-254
analytical, 
	tools, importance for assessing hypertext quality; Botafogo(172)-64
anchors, 
	See Also classification, basic concepts; component(s); context; Dexter; links; structure(s); 
	ABC approach to; Smith(180)-179
	anchor extensions as properties of nodes not links, , implications of for data model consistency; Smith(180)-190
	as industrial hypertext requirement; Malcolm(168)-19
	characteristics and use in an industrial hypermedia environment; Malcolm(168)-20
	computation of, as hypermedia platform category; Wiil(14)-141
	Dexter, 
		definition; Halasz(299)-32, Halasz(299)-34
		purpose of; Gronbaek(15)-149
	dynamic, 
		HyTime HyQ query language use to form; Buford(11)-110
		permitted by HyTime standard; Buford(11)-108
	in Extended Dexter model, characteristics and attributes; Gronbaek(15)-153
	factual knowledge represented by; Nanard(228)-51
	as glue between structure and contents; Osterbye(13)-130
	HDM approach to; Garzotto(190)-313
	HyTime location address forms correspondance to; Buford(11)-108
	id, in Dexter, 
		definition; Halasz(299)-34
		replaced by CompLocSpec class in Extended Dexter model; Gronbaek(15)-152
	in data representations maintained by arbitrary applications, , ABC approach to the problem of; Smith(180)-190
	in nested context model, term definition; Casanova(181)-195
	location ladders as generalization of in HyTime; Buford(11)-108
	LocationSpecifier use in; Gronbaek(15)-151
	MacWeb, 
		logical definition contrast with geometric definition in HyperCard; Nanard(191)-335
		management of in; Nanard(191)-335
		management system similarity with Intermedia logical binding; Nanard(191)-335
	mapping between link markers and, Dexter compared with Flag taxonomy; Osterbye(13)-130
	marked vs. unmarked, characteristics and use; Gronbaek(15)-153
	Non-Intrusive, Individual Colour Markings and; Irler(161)-261
	pSpec as attribute of; Gronbaek(15)-153
	reference to composites, permitted by HyTime standard; Buford(11)-108
	refSpec role in Extended Dexter model; Gronbaek(15)-153
	represented by link markers in the Dexter hypertext model; Osterbye(13)-130
	representing rich semantic relationships with, in MacWeb; Nanard(228)-51
	rules for determining anchor points, in The Dickens Web design; Catlin(178)-151
	text anchors, importance for software reuse environment; Creech(169)-27
	transient, 
		as type of anchor, in Extended Dexter model; Gronbaek(15)-153
		refSpec for, in Extended Dexter model; Gronbaek(15)-152
	typing, 
		encoding the complex semantics by; Nanard(228)-51
		to provide additional context, in MacWeb; Nanard(228)-51
	value, in Dexter, 
		definition; Halasz(299)-34
		replaced by LocSpec class in Extended Dexter model; Gronbaek(15)-152
And/Or graph, 
	semantic representation of engineering norms with; Schwabe(150)-123
Andrew Toolkit (ATK), 
	Aquanet built on; Marshall(186)-271
	ECHT '90 paper; Sherman(142)-13
anecdotal information, 
	set-based hypertext value for study of; Parunak(184)-238
	use in formulating questions and validating answers; Lai(176)-124
animations, 
	See Also HyperCafe; time; video; 
	ABC tools for building graph structured message flow diagrams potential for creating; Smith(180)-189
	integration into hypermedia environment, as industrial hypertext requirement; Malcolm(168)-19
	mathematical proofs, rubber sheet layout use for; Kaltenbach(174)-100
	of information units; Kaltenbach(174)-101
	rubber sheet layout use for; Kaltenbach(174)-91
	tool, as HOSS application; Nuernberg(19)-200
	using in customer maintenance training hypermedia projects at Boeing; Malcolm(168)-15
	value of electronic documentation; Oren(105)-295
Annenberg/CPB project, 
	support for Intermedia; Beeman(92)-71
annotation(s), 
	See Also collaboration; structure(s); 
	about workproducts, Kiosk use in structured software reuse library selection; Creech(169)-33
	adding to notefiles in NoteCards; Trigg(93)-102
	Aquanet support of; Marshall(186)-272
	capabilities, in DIF; Garg(112)-415
	classification; Lawton(233)-106
	collaborative, managing with Knowledge Weasel; Lawton(233)-106
	collections of, as aggregates in Knowledge Weasel; Lawton(233)-106
	education environment use, Intermedia management of; Ess(187)-278
	format, InterNote’s "layers of acetate'' metaphor influence on Knowledge Weasel; Lawton(233)-106
	importance in a shared industrial environment; Malcolm(168)-18
	in collaborative engineering handbooks, DeVise Hypermedia system as a Dexter-compliant cooperative architecture; Gronbaek(226)-25
	InterNote as Intermedia tool that supports, InterNote as Intermedia tool that supports; Catlin(139)-365
	Kiosk's facility, importance for software reuse library users; Creech(169)-33
	links; Allan(5)-42
		facilitation by Dexter definition (note); Halasz(299)-24
	managing permission for, in a hypermedia operating system; Nuernberg(19)-196
	marginal, paper document value; Walker(106)-313
	non-textual media; Lawton(233)-106
	not supported by, 
		Document Examiner; Walker(106)-320
		Hyperties; Shneiderman(99)-193
	potential user interface feature for hypertext; Frisse(91)-67
	private, importance in an industrial hypermedia environment; Malcolm(168)-20
	source documents, design goal of Notes (CMU); Neuwirth(95)-125, Neuwirth(95)-126
	supported by, 
		DIF; Garg(112)-411
		gIBIS; Conklin(102)-250
		Notes; Neuwirth(95)-125
		SuperBook; Remde(98)-178
	value for software reuse libraries; Creech(169)-27
	virtue of paper documentation; Oren(105)-294
antitrust, 
	potential issues for hypertext developers; Jones, III, Esq.(109)-372
any-dcn data entity attribute, 
	as data content notation in HyTime; Buford(11)-111
API (application programming interface), 
	See Also layers; models; open hypermedia systems (OHS); operating systems, hypermedia; system(s); 
	HOSS; Nuernberg(19)-200
	HyTime, not defined in the standard; Buford(11)-113
APL (A Programming Language), 
	Hyperties first implementation language; Shneiderman(99)-191
application(s), 
	See Also open hypermedia systems (OHS); research; 
	ABC, 
		differentiated from browsers; Smith(180)-186
		open architecture support for external; Smith(180)-189
		support of standard; Smith(180)-182
	academic research, Perseus project; Crane(90)-51
	acquarium information systems; Hirata(2)-19
	aerospace, CID use with; Boy(171)-51
	altering source code, ABC approach to the problem of; Smith(180)-190
	application program interface (API), defined by presentation and navigation submodels of the nested context model; Casanova(181)-193
	application-independent hypertext, comparison with database and user interface management systems; Bieber(182)-206
	architecture; Fischer(120)-105
	argumentation, EUCLID; Smolensky(101)-215
	art, 
		museums; Hirata(2)-19
		Portinari Project; Schwabe(12)-116
	art museums, Perseus project; Mylonas(310)-270
	auditing; De Young(126)-169
	automobile repair manual; Collier(104)-284
	biological, 
		modeling, computational hypertext use for; Schnase(127)-181
		research; Schnase(127)-181
	CAD, 
		dynamic hypertext interface as a front end for; Bieber(182)-211
		HAM support of hypertext-based; Bapat(20)-204
		hypertext-based, HAM support of; Bapat(20)-204
		integrating hypertext with; Nanard(191)-330
		integrating into a total information environment; Malcolm(168)-15
	CAD applications, 
		dynamic hypertext interface as a front end for; Bieber(182)-211
		integrating hypertext with; Nanard(191)-330
		integrating into a total information environment; Malcolm(168)-15
	CASE, 
		environment; Bigelow(111)-397
		HAM support of hypertext-based; Bapat(20)-204
	CASE (computer-aided software engineering), DynamicDesign; Bigelow(111)-397
	chemical research, comparison of printed, hypertext, and full-text retrieval on representative chemistry research information tasks; Egan(189)-299
	classes, 
		application semantics implemented as within HyperStorM; Bapat(20)-203
		as instances of semantic metaclasses; Bapat(20)-207
		modeling semantic relationships among; Bapat(20)-207
	classics research, Perseus project; Crane(90)-51
	cognitive science, Intermedia; Beeman(92)-67
	complex domains, hypertext design issues; Garzotto(190)-314
	conferencing, HOT (Hypermedia Object-oriented Toolkit) use for; Puttress(143)-32
	constraint mechanism for tailoring HyperStorM to application-specific needs; Bapat(20)-208
	dependencies, separation in nested context model; Casanova(181)-194
	design, 
		hypermedia system design models distinguished from; Gronbaek(15)-150
		OOHDM use in; Schwabe(12)-116
	development, 
		advantages of database implementator of storage and application layers for; Bapat(20)-204
		data model semantic gap issues and problems; Bapat(20)-205
		hypermedia support requirements; Bapat(20)-203
	development environments, 
		Andrew Toolkit facilities; Sherman(142)-13
		collaboration issues and solutions, graph-based data model approaches; Shackelford(224)-1
	domain, characteristics in the HDM; Garzotto(190)-315
	dynamic link-resolving; Tompa(234)-118
	education, 
		Intermedia; Beeman(92)-67
		knowledge representation and learning processes in the Design ofEducational Hypermedia; De Vries(60)-1
		medicine, Intermedia use for; Beeman(92)-67
	educational, VideoBook use for; Ogawa(144)-38
	as entities that serve specialized hypermedia abstractions to people; Nuernberg(300)-1
	external, invocation handling by HyperStorM; Bapat(20)-210
	generators, hypertext design models compared with; Garzotto(190)-315
	historical research, hypertext structure needs; DeRose(132)-249
	HOSS facilities that optimize; Nuernberg(19)-200
	humanities research, 
		hypertext structure needs; DeRose(132)-249
		Perseus project; Crane(90)-51
		socio and philosophical hypermedia design principles; Moulthrop(133)-259
	hypermedia, 
		OODBMS support for, HyperStorM; Bapat(20)-203
		semantics specific to, tailoring an abstract hypermedia engine to accomodate; Bapat(20)-207
	hyperspeech (MIT Media Lab system), 
		audio notes; Arons(25)-134
		brainstorming tool; Arons(25)-134
		personal memory aid; Arons(25)-134
	industrial-strength, building with a distributed hypermedia collaboration environment; Shackelford(224)-1
	interfaces, hypermedia engine role with respect to; Schutt(148)-99
	Kiosk, Hypertext'91 paper; Creech(169)-25
	kiosk, 
		Kiosk; Creech(169)-25
		Portinari project; Schwabe(12)-116
	knowledge base, multiple views over, DSS shell architecture with a dynamic hypertext interface provision for; Bieber(182)-207
	law, 
		copyright issues for hypertext systems; Jones, III, Esq.(109)-367
		intellectual property information management; Yoder(125)-159
		links and structures in hypertext databases for; Wilson(156)-194
		patent development; Yoder(125)-159
		product liability issues for hypertext systems; Jones, III, Esq.(109)-367
	layer, 
		as hypermedia system layer according to HAM specification; Bapat(20)-204
		HyperStorM implementation within the VODAK OODBMS; Bapat(20)-204
	legal, hyperbases; Wilson(156)-194
	legal issues for hypertext publishing; Jones, III, Esq.(109)-367
	level, system-level hypertext support for; Bieber(182)-206
	link management requirement for; Malcolm(168)-19
	links; Garzotto(190)-313
		HDM term definition; Garzotto(190)-315
	maintenance support; Hayes(121)-119
	manager, 
		connecting application elements with a hypertext engine through bridge laws; Bieber(182)-209
		DSS shell architecture; Bieber(182)-206
	medicine; Frisse(91)-57
		Dynamic Medical Handbook; Frisse(128)-202, Consens(134)-284
		Hypertext Medical Handbook; Frisse(91)-57
		Intermedia use for education in; Beeman(92)-67
	metadata managers distinguished from; Nuernberg(19)-200
	modeling, HyperStorM; Bapat(20)-207
	multiple, defining over the same set of documents, using the nested context model; Casanova(181)-194
	non-fiction writing; Neuwirth(95)-121
	open architecture support for integration of, in DeVise Hypermedia system; Gronbaek(226)-25
	real-time hypertext-DSS systems, U.S. Coast Guard use; Bieber(182)-204
	reference browsers, converting the OED to hypertext; Raymond(96)-143
	research, 
		NoteCards as a tool for creating documents in; Trigg(93)-89
		Notes as a support tool for creating documents; Neuwirth(95)-121
	scholarly research, 
		hypertext structure needs; DeRose(132)-249
		Perseus project; Crane(90)-51
	sciences, 
		Intermedia as a tool for teaching; Beeman(92)-67
		research, computational hypertext use for; Schnase(127)-181
	self-modifying in response to user skill level; Bieber(182)-207
	semantics, limitations of current systems; Bapat(20)-206
	software engineering; Bigelow(111)-397
		DIF; Garg(112)-409
		HOT (Hypermedia Object-oriented Toolkit) use for; Puttress(143)-32
	source code control, DynamicDesign; Bigelow(111)-397
	speech interfaces, handheld and portable computers; Arons(25)-134
	structure manipulation independent from, application design implications; Nuernberg(19)-197
	system design tools, gIBIS (graphical Issue Based Information System); Conklin(102)-247
	systems, 
		Guide; Campbell(87)-33
		HAM; Campbell(87)-21
		NoteCards; Marshall(103)-253
	technical documentation, Document Examiner use for; Walker(106)-307
	third-party, support for in HyperStorM abstract hypermedia engine; Bapat(20)-209
	used to create the data, potential of hypermedia technology for managing; Malcolm(168)-15
	writing; Trigg(93)-89
		Notes; Neuwirth(95)-121
		WE; Smith(100)-195
Aquanet, 
	See Also spatial; structure(s); 
	ECHT '92 paper; Marshall(201)-53
	as hypermedia application, requirements for hypermedia engine support; Bapat(20)-205
	Hypertext '91 paper; Marshall(186)-261
	relations, acteme characteristics; Rosenberg(3)-22
	spatial hypertext use of; Marshall(242)-217
architectonic presentation, 
	See Also rhetoric; semantic(s); structure(s); 
architecture, 
	See Also rhetoric; semantic(s); structure(s); system(s); theory; 
	architectonic presentation, potentials for future development of HyperCafe techniques; Sawhney(1)-7
	CID; Boy(171)-51
	client/server, DeVise Hypermedia system as a Dexter-compliant cooperative architecture; Gronbaek(226)-25
	design environment for; Fischer(120)-105
	Dexter, DeVise Hypermedia system as a Dexter-compliant cooperative architecture; Gronbaek(226)-25
	distributed, importance for industrial software development, implications for hypertext systems design; Smith(180)-184
	distributed multimedia, content-based information retrieval and navigation schema for; Hirata(2)-11
	DSS shell, with a dynamic hypertext interface; Bieber(182)-207
	framework, as attribute for comparing open hypermedia systems; Osterbye(13)-129
	hypermedia operating system, 
		general structure of; Nuernberg(19)-198
		HOSS implementation; Nuernberg(19)-198
	hypertext, extensibility, as hypertext research issue addressed by ABC graph server; Smith(180)-186, Smith(180)-190
	layered, 
		ABC graph server characteristics; Smith(180)-185
		document interchange issues; Bieber(182)-213
		DSS shell architecture with a dynamic hypertext interface designed as; Bieber(182)-207
		generalizing to support non-link-based hypertext reference models; Parunak(184)-240
		handling filters in; Bieber(182)-212
		tools for coordinating information systems with a dynamic hypertext interface; Bieber(182)-211
	LogicWeb system; Loke(23)-237
	MAVIS (Microcosm Architecture for Video, Image, and Sound); Lewis(21)-215, Wilkins(65)-1
	modular hypermedia, components of; Shackelford(224)-1
	multimedia, Andrew Toolkit application development facilities; Sherman(142)-13
	object-oriented, DeVise Hypermedia system as a Dexter-compliant cooperative architecture; Gronbaek(226)-25
	open, 
		ABC support of; Smith(180)-182
		advantage of shadow file storage of links for; Creech(169)-28
		advantage provided by modularity in hypermedia architecture design; Shackelford(224)-1
		as a policy for application programs; Smith(180)-184
		concurrency control issues in a collaborative distributed hypertext system; Wiil(225)-14
		DSS shell architecture with a dynamic hypertext interface designed as; Bieber(182)-207
		dynamic link-resolving hypermedia architecture; Tompa(234)-118
		for application programs, as issue addressed by ABC; Smith(180)-190
		for applications, ABC approach to; Smith(180)-179
		importance to software reuse library environment; Creech(169)-27
		integrating applications in DeVise Hypermedia system; Gronbaek(226)-25
		Knowledge Weasel; Lawton(233)-106
		Microcosm link service; Hall(307)-256
	platform independent, DeVise Hypermedia system as a Dexter-compliant cooperative architecture; Gronbaek(226)-25
	software, 
		as artifact component; Smith(180)-179
		embedding knowledge in links and nodes use to simplify, in hyperspeech system; Arons(25)-133
	system, 
		FIRST (Fuzzy Information Retrieval SysTem); Lucarella(147)-89
		maintaining consistency between design and de facto versions, ABC tools for; Smith(180)-189
	view, Kiosk classification lattices use for; Creech(169)-30
	volatile hypertext, Hypertext'91 paper; Bernstein(28)-243
argumentation, 
	See Also collaboration; gIBIS; structure(s); 
	AAA as hypertext-based authoring tool for; Schuler(151)-137
	claim structure representation in NoteCards; Marshall(103)-259
	compared with cognition; Smolensky(101)-217
	conceptual framework; Schuler(151)-140
	constraint-based hypertext for; Smolensky(101)-215
	creating, hypertext representation of in EUCLID; Smolensky(101)-227
	generation of arguments, processes involved in; Smolensky(101)-220
	gIBIS structure an aid to; Conklin(102)-249
	hypertext support for, 
		EUCLID; Smolensky(101)-215
		gIBIS; Conklin(102)-247
	IBIS method, way of encoding; Conklin(102)-248
	JANUS support for; Fischer(120)-105
	logical structure, representing with NoteCards; Marshall(103)-253
	matrix layout advantages for evaluation; Marshall(103)-259
	modeling argument structures with NoteCards; Marshall(103)-253
	multi-level analysis, 
		in NoteCards; Marshall(103)-259
		using NoteCards for; Marshall(103)-259
	network limitations for; Smith(100)-201
	networks, 
		assessing the strength of; Marshall(103)-257
		representation in NoteCards; Marshall(103)-257
	patterns, constrained NoteCards browser cards used to show; Marshall(103)-262
	Rational Actor Model; Marshall(103)-256
	reading, hypertext representation of in EUCLID; Smolensky(101)-219
	reasoned discourse, support by EUCLID; Smolensky(101)-217
	requirements for; Kaltenbach(174)-101
	SEPIA, Hypertext'89 paper; Streitz(138)-343, Streitz(197)-11
	spatial layout, importance for the representation of; Marshall(103)-260
	structure, logical; Marshall(103)-259
	structure and process, representation in NoteCards; Marshall(103)-256
	structure of, representing in hypertext; Marshall(186)-262
	taxonomy representation in NoteCards; Marshall(103)-259
Aristotle, 
	associative principles, computer science use of; Oren(105)-300
ARL (Argumentation Represenation Language), 
	argument structure description with; Smolensky(101)-218
ARL (Argumentation Representation Language), 
	functionality description; Smolensky(101)-218
	semi-formal language; Smolensky(101)-219
arrival, 
	See Also rhetoric; structure(s); 
	rhetoric of; Landow(56)-331
		actemes relationship to; Rosenberg(3)-25
art, 
	See Also applications; 
	museums, as Himotoki application; Hirata(2)-19
	Portinari project; Schwabe(12)-116
	retrieving with media-based information retrieval tools; Hirata(237)-159
articles, 
	See component(s); nodes; 
articulation points, 
	structure development use of; Botafogo(172)-70
	term definition; Botafogo(172)-68
artifacts, 
	ABC term definition and components; Smith(180)-179
	defining with HyperSet; Parunak(230)-73
	Hyperset term definition; Parunak(184)-237
	term definition and components; Shackelford(224)-1
artificial conversations, 
	creating in the MIT Media Lab hyperspeech system; Arons(25)-143
artificial intelligence (AI), 
	See Also cognitive; knowledge; representation; 
	agents, 
		intelligent software hypertext system use; Garg(112)-418
		narrative linking use of; Cleary(4)-34
		Telescript use of compared with LogicWeb; Loke(23)-239
	link generation using an object-oriented knowledge representation model, in MacWeb; Nanard(228)-51
	problem solving hypermedia systems incorporating; Bareiss(232)-94
ASK systems, 
	See Also information, retrieval; mental models; representation; 
	artificial intelligence model-based systems, Hypertext '93 paper; Bareiss(232)-94
	ASKTool, Hypertext '96 paper; Cleary(4)-31
	ASKTool hypermedia editor; Cleary(4)-31
	as structured hypermedia systems; Cleary(4)-31
ASM (Association Set Manager), 
	as HOSS hyperbase process component; Nuernberg(19)-199
association, 
	See Also aggregation; links; relationship; spatial, hypertext systems; 
	abstract data model representation; Bapat(20)-207
	associative links, 
		lack of design principles; Hara(173)-76
		providing current context for; Boy(171)-54
	as class of link types; Allan(5)-43
	element, grouping content elements into nodes with; Bapat(20)-208
	Extended Dexter model relations; Gronbaek(15)-151
	HOSS hyperbase process support; Nuernberg(19)-199
	layer, generalizing link layer into to support non-link-based hypertext models; Parunak(184)-240
Association of American Medical Colleges, 
	bibliographic reference; Frisse(91)-57
assonance, 
	exploration with dot plots; Bernstein(28)-254
assumptions, 
	underlying user expectations about link meaning; Landow(56)-332
asynchronous, 
	cooperation modes, in DeVise Hypermedia system; Gronbaek(226)-25
	document annotation in Knowledge Weasel; Lawton(233)-106
Athena Muse, 
	Videobook relationship to, bibliographic reference; Ogawa(144)-38
attribute(s), 
	See Also object-orientation; 
	ALF (attribute list forms), 
		data content notation in HyTime; Buford(11)-111
		HyTime feature analysis of; Buford(11)-110
	associated with both links and nodes in ABC; Smith(180)-184
	associative links, use in establishing user-customized views; Hara(173)-77
	AttributeValue function, Dexter definition; Halasz(299)-36
	combining in the creation of nodes during OOHDM design process; Schwabe(12)-121
	cutting and pasting of, in navigational class definitions; Schwabe(12)-121
	defining navigational contexts with; Schwabe(12)-122
	HAM, 
		data object; Bapat(20)-204
		definition; Campbell(87)-23
	HAM objects, characteristics of; Campbell(87)-23
	how different from relations; Garg(110)-377
	in hypermedia application design; Schwabe(12)-120
	hypermedia platforms, and their characteristics; Wiil(14)-141
	as hypertext abstractions; Garg(110)-379
	labelling the types of nodes, links and contexts in DYNAMICDESIGN; Bigelow(111)-398
	links, 
		as industrial hypertext requirement; Malcolm(168)-19
		link types as a form of, importance in an industrial hypermedia environment; Malcolm(168)-20
	nodes, 
		in an ACE input graph, clustering relation as an; Hara(173)-81
		term definition in nested context model; Casanova(181)-194
	object and link, importance in an industrial hypermedia environment; Malcolm(168)-20
	objects, in an abstract hypertext model; Garg(110)-377
	Trellis, 
		attribute space, characteristics; Stotts(183)-223
		term definition; Stotts(183)-221
audio, 
	See Also multimedia; sound; 
	ABC support of; Smith(180)-182
	annotating, 
		issues involved with; Lawton(233)-106
		Knowledge Weasel use for; Lawton(233)-106
	cocktail party effect, hyperspeech research into; Arons(25)-143
	cues, 
		hyperspeech (MIT Media Lab system), future extensions planned; Arons(25)-142
		landmark recognition use of, in hyperspeech; Arons(25)-133
	database, hyperspeech (MIT Media Lab) characteristics; Arons(25)-135
	domain, navigation issues compared with spatial domain; Arons(25)-134
	environment, hyperspeech (MIT Media Lab system) as a speech-only hypermedia system for; Arons(25)-133
	focus, hyperspeech research into; Arons(25)-143
	format conversion handlinng; Shibata(231)-82
	handling of, VideoBook; Ogawa(144)-38
	humming a song, media-based navigation using; Hirata(237)-159
	media-based navigation, in Miyabi; Hirata(237)-159
	melody, media-based navigation using in Miyabi; Hirata(237)-159
	navigation in; Lewis(21)-215
		content-based; Hirata(2)-11
		moving hot-spot; Hirata(2)-18
	notes, hyperspeech (MIT Media Lab system) application; Arons(25)-134
	presentation control through context-based links; Hardman(39)-183
	real-time, ABC component; Shackelford(224)-1
	stream segregation, hyperspeech research into; Arons(25)-143
	tracks, HyTime representation of; Buford(11)-111
	user interface design issues; Shibata(231)-82
	value of electronic documentation; Oren(105)-295
	voice annotations as desired feature for future hypervideo systems; Sawhney(1)-8
Augment, 
	See Also classification, pioneer systems; people, Engelbart, Doug; 
	abstraction mechanisms in; Botafogo(172)-64
	as non-linear information manager; Marshall(186)-261
	as design idea source for the Dexter hypermedia reference model; Osterbye(13)-129, Halasz(299)-30
	as human-readable link example; Gronbaek(15)-157
	software development support by; Smith(180)-183
augmenter, 
	See Also viewers; 
	See viewers; 
authoring, 
	See Also open hypermedia systems (OHS); programming; rhetoric; structure(s); system(s); writing; 
	3D hypervideo, requirements; Sawhney(1)-9
	as readers, fundamental to Guide's design; Brown(88)-37
	author behavior, 
		copyright law model of; Samuelson(170)-39
		Xanadu model, analysis of; Samuelson(170)-46
	browsing or, classification of hypermedia systems according to; Halasz(108)-351
	design principles for large information spaces, database model use for; Hara(173)-75
	dialogue with reader, analysis of; Michalak(238)-174
	environment, integration with reading environment, importance for design tasks; Kaindl(192)-350
	facilitating, 
		hypermedia design issue; Akscyn(86)-9
		KMS approach to; Akscyn(86)-16
	hypermedia design issues concerning; Akscyn(86)-9
	hypermedia projects at Boeing that emphasize; Malcolm(168)-15
	hypermedia templates as tools for; Catlin(178)-147
	hypertext requirements for; Bernstein(28)-244
	implied, characteristics; Michalak(238)-174
	in-the-large, HDM use for specifying; Garzotto(190)-314
	in-the-small, characteristics; Garzotto(190)-314
	industrial hypertext requirements, users must be enabled for; Malcolm(168)-19
	invariance of structure defined by author, under apparent alteration in a dynamic hypertext; Stotts(183)-220
	legal considerations for determining when the user is also an author; Jones, III, Esq.(109)-369
	limitations of node-and-link models for complex hypertext design; Garzotto(190)-314
	MacWeb use for, example; Nanard(191)-338
	multimedia, Andrew Toolkit application development facilities; Sherman(142)-13
	paths, mechanism requirement; Zellweger(54)-1
	quality assessment guidelines; Brown(141)-1
	reuse methods for inclusion in; Garzotto(10)-93
	rhetoric, 
		problems of; Thuring(179)-163
		styles, advantages of a design model for comparing; Garzotto(190)-315
	social, cognitive, and political implications; Greco(9)-85
	software, Hyperties; Shneiderman(99)-191
	structure development, articulation points importance for; Botafogo(172)-70
	time-based hypermedia issues, VideoBook; Ogawa(144)-38
	tools, 
		AAA; Schuler(151)-137
		authoring of this flexible hypertext environment; Charoenkitkarn(241)-206
		CMIFed; Hardman(39)-183
		collaborative distributed hypertext, concurrency control issues; Wiil(225)-14
		cooperative, DeVise Hypermedia system as a Dexter-compliant cooperative architecture; Gronbaek(226)-25
		HieNet; Wiil(225)-145
		HyperSet; Parunak(230)-73
		hypervideo, needed characteristics; Sawhney(1)-8
		Knowledge Weasel; Lawton(233)-106
		linkless hypertext, Queries-R-Links (QRL) and Queries-R-Focused Links (QRFL); Charoenkitkarn(241)-206
		MORE (Multimedia Object Retrieval Environment); Lucarella(227)-39
		See Also Guide; 
		See Also NoteCards; 
		See Also Notes; 
		See Also SEPIA; 
		See also Storyspace; 
		See Also WE; 
		time-based media, Himotoki moving hot-spot editor; Hirata(2)-18
		Trans-ASK; Bareiss(232)-94
		Trellis system for translating strings to graphs; Stotts(155)-180
	vs reader, dimension for categorizing hypertext systems; Walker(106)-308
authority, 
	impact of hypertext on; Moulthrop(188)-292
authors, 
	See people; 
automatic, 
	clustering techniques, overview map generation with, in CYBERMAP; Gloor(175)-108
	conversion, hypermedia projects at Boeing that emphasize; Malcolm(168)-15
	document production, MacWeb facilities that support; Nanard(191)-334
	events, Trellis timing mechanism use to create; Stotts(183)-222
	indexing, 
		creating hypertext structure from linear documents with; Nanard(191)-331
		CYBERMAP's use to identify related nodes; Gloor(175)-110
		ioverview map generation with, n CYBERMAP; Gloor(175)-108
	link generation, 
		characteristics and requirements for an industrial hypermedia environment; Malcolm(168)-21
		CYBERMAP characterized by; Gloor(175)-117
		See Also HyPursuit; 
		See Also information, retrieval; 
		See Also Link Apprentice; 
	link typing as automated link generation tool; Allan(5)-42
	linking; Cleary(4)-31
		purpose-based; Shibata(231)-82
		text; Salton(235)-131
		user-centered approach in HieNet; Wiil(225)-145
	overview map generation, 
		CYBERMAP characterized by; Gloor(175)-117
		using automatic clustering techniques in CYBERMAP; Gloor(175)-108
awareness, 
	hypertext views, support for by Microcosm link sevice; Hall(307)-256
	shared, support for by DeVise Hypermedia system, a Dexter-compliant cooperative architecture; Gronbaek(226)-25