ACM Computing Surveys
Hypertext and Hypermedia Symposium

D Index

D'Oronzio, P.
  bibliographic references, [McCall 1990]; [Wiil 1999c]
  See Also spatial, hypertext
  as Web-based spatial hypertext, [Cousins 1997] bibliographic reference; [Shipman 1999a]
Daft, R. L.
  bibliographic references, [Daft 1986]; [Bieber 1999a]
dangling links
  See Also 
     WWW (World Wide Web)
  content reference problems vs.; [Davis 1999a]
  detection and correction; [Davis 1999a]
  dynamic hypertext solution to; [Wilkinson 1999]
  lists of, Linking Ability support; [Oinas-Kukkonen 1999]
  versioning solutions for; [Vitali 1999]
Daniels, Cal
  as Xanadu designer; [Nelson 1999k]
Darrow, Benjamin
  educational aspirations; [van Dam 1999]
  See Also 
  abstractions, HMOS relationship; [Wiil 1999c]
  exchange standard, value for information visualization tools; [Mukherjea 1999]
  mapping into structural abstractions, as HMOS characteristic; [Wiil 1999c]
  model, semantic, as hypertext model dimension; [Bodner 1999a]
  referential data model, xanalogical structure implementation with; [Nelson 1999k]
  reporting, in Trigg's link taxonomy; [Kopak 1999]
Data Mountain
  See Also spatial hypertext
  as Web-based spatial hypertext, [Robertson 1998] bibliographic reference; [Shipman 1999a]
  See Also 
     IR (information retrieval)
  dynamic content generation, providing hypertext support for; [Bieber 1999a]
  hypertext; [Davis 1999a]
  interoperability, SQL support of; [Carr 1999]
  link, See linkbases
  management, versioning importance; [Vitali 1999]
  visualization, landscape metaphor use; [Mukherjea 1999]
  as website backends; [Li 1999]
  XML, proximity searching in; [Li 1999]
  content reference problem detection use; [Davis 1999a]
Dattolo, A
  bibliographic references, [Dattolo 1996]; [Vitali 1999]
Davies, J.
  bibliographic references, [Crossley 1997]; [Benford 1999]
Davis, Hugh C.
  ACM-CSHT publications, "Hypertext link integrity"; [Davis 1999a]
  bibliographic references
     [Davis 1992]; [Wiil 1999c], [Carr 1999], [Davis 1999a], [Brailsford 1999], [Verbyla 1999]
     [Davis 1993]; [Wilkinson 1999]
     [Davis 1994]; [Wiil 1999c], [Anderson 1999b], [Bieber 1999a], [Cailliau 1999]
     [Davis 1995]; [Davis 1999a], [Verbyla 1999], [Cailliau 1999]
     [Davis 1996]; [Carr 1999], [Brailsford 1999]
     [Davis 1998]; [Lewis 1999], [Vitali 1999], [Davis 1999a], [Vitali 1999a]
     [Davis 1999]; [Lewis 1999], [Cailliau 1999]
     [Davis 2000]; [Lewis 1999], [DeRose 1999a], [Vitali 1999], [Vitali 1999a]
     [Fountain 1990]; [Wiil 1999c], [Carr 1999]
     [Hall 1996]; [Wiil 1999c], [Lewis 1999], [Shipman 1999a]
     [Lewis 1996]; [Lewis 1999]
     [Reich 1999]; [Carr 1999]
Day, Ken
  bibliographic references, [Ayars 1999]; [Hardman 1999a]
De Bra, Paul
  ACM-CSHT publications, "Adaptive hypermedia: from systems to framework"; [De Bra 1999]
  bibliographic references
     [Calvi 1997]; [Wilkinson 1999]
     [Calvi 1998]; [Wilkinson 1999]
     [De Bra 1997]; [De Bra 1999]
     [De Bra 1998]; [De Bra 1999]
     [De Bra 1999]; [De Bra 1999]
De Roure, David C.
  ACM-CSHT publications
     "The evolution of hypertext link services"; [Carr 1999]
     "The significance of linking"; [Lewis 1999]
     "Where have you been from here? Trails in hypertext systems"; [Reich 1999a]
  bibliographic references
     [Carr 1995]; [Wiil 1999c], [Lewis 1999], [Anderson 1999b], [Cailliau 1999]
     [Carr 2000]; [Lewis 1999]
     [De Roure 1998]; [Reich 1999a]
     [De Roure 2000]; [Reich 1999a]
     [Lewis 2000]; [Vitali 1999a]
de Saussure, F.
  bibliographic references, [de Saussure 1966]; [Lewis 1999]
Deach, Stephen
  bibliographic references, [Deach 1999]; [DeRose 1999a]
Dean, J.
  bibliographic references, [Dean 1999]; [Li 1999], [Chakrabarti 1999d]
Debate Browser
  as MetaEdit+ tool; [Oinas-Kukkonen 1999]
  [Oinas-Kukkonen 1996] bibliographic reference; [Oinas-Kukkonen 1999]
  usability studies; [Oinas-Kukkonen 1999]
  See degradation
decision boundaries
  See Also 
  automatic determination using examples; [Chakrabarti 1999d]
Declaration of Independence
  [Jefferson 1776] bibliographic reference and URL; [Nelson 1999k]
  transpointing window view of early and late drafts, (figure); [Nelson 1999k]
declarative specification
  See Also functional/functionality
  of link anchor positions, as solution to content reference, [W3C 1998a] bibliographic reference; [Davis 1999a]
  See Also 
  of roles, into independent services, by Flag taxonomy; [Carr 1999]
  See separation
deep links
  See Also link(s)/linking
  content links as; [Nelson 1999k]
  anchors, in XLink; [DeRose 1999a]
  arc, in XLink; [DeRose 1999a]
  authorities; [Kleinberg 1999]
  document type; [DeRose 1999a]
     [Bolter 19991] bibliographic reference; [Treloar 1999]
     non-sequential access; [Lewis 1999]
     science of relationships and relationship management; [Lewis 1999]
  link(s)/linking, in XLink; [DeRose 1999a]
  locator, in XLink; [DeRose 1999a]
  as rhetorical link type, in Baron's taxonomy; [Kopak 1999]
  roles, in XLink; [DeRose 1999a]
  See Also 
  link, [Thistlewaite 1997] bibliographic reference; [Verbyla 1999]
  of trail relevance, over time; [Reich 1999a]
Delisle, Norman M.
  bibliographic references, [Delisle 1986]; [Anderson 1999b]
Demeyer, S.
  bibliographic references, [Wiil 1996b]; [Wiil 1999c]
Denigni, Dan
  bibliographic references, [Moline 1990]; [Shipman 1999a]
Denning, Peter J.
  bibliographic reference and URL, [Denning 1998]; [Nelson 1999k]
  See Also 
  ad hoc, as implicit relationship; [Anderson 1999b]
  representation, Linking Ability support; [Oinas-Kukkonen 1999]
  semantic, as implicit relationship; [Anderson 1999b]
  time, as implicit relationship; [Anderson 1999b]
DeRose, Steven J.
  ACM-CSHT publications, "XML linking"; [DeRose 1999a]
  bibliographic references
     [Bray 1997]; [DeRose 1999a]
     [Clark 1999]; [DeRose 1999a]
     [Coombs 1987]; [Shipman 1999a]
     [DeRose 1989]; [Tudhope 1999], [Carr 1999], [Bodner 1999a]
     [DeRose 1990]; [DeRose 1999a]
     [DeRose 1994]; [Davis 1999a]
     [DeRose 1995]; [DeRose 1999a]
     [DeRose 1997]; [DeRose 1999a]
     [DeRose 1999]; [Carr 1999], [DeRose 1999a], [Vitali 1999], [Verbyla 1999]
     [DeRose 2000]; [Mukherjea 1999], [Lewis 1999], [Vitali 1999], [Vitali 1999a]
     [DeRose99]; [Cailliau 1999]
     [Maler 1998]; [Lewis 1999]
     [Reynolds 1992]; [DeRose 1999a]
  description logic ontology, similarity relationship research issues; [Tudhope 1999]
  logic ontology
     [Bullock 1998] bibliographic reference; [Tudhope 1999]
     [Weinstein 1998] bibliographic reference; [Tudhope 1999]
  relationships, in domain relationship analysis; [Bieber 1999]
  application, hypertext design technique value for; [Bieber 1999a]
  of applications
     hypertext as aid to; [Bieber 1999a]
     incorporating hypertext into; [Bieber 1999a]
  [Bieber 2000a] bibliographic reference; [Bieber 1999]
  [Bieber 2000b] bibliographic reference; [Bieber 1999a]
  [Carr 2000] bibliographic reference; [Carr 1999]
  components, hypertext modeling of relationships among; [Oinas-Kukkonen 1999]
  emergent interpretations, spatial hypertext support of; [Shipman 1999a]
  experimental, in a link generation consistency study; [Furner 1999]
  Flexible CASE and Hypertext; [Oinas-Kukkonen 1999]
     methodologies, [Balasubramanian 1998] bibliographic reference; [Bieber 1999]
     methodologies, [Christodoulou 1998] bibliographic reference; [Bieber 1999]
     methodologies, [Garzotto 1993] bibliographic reference; [Bieber 1999]
     methodologies, [Isakowitz 1995] bibliographic reference; [Bieber 1999]
     methodologies, [Lange 1996] bibliographic reference; [Bieber 1999]
     methodologies, [Schwabe 1996] bibliographic reference; [Bieber 1999]
     philosophy of; [Bieber 1999]
  hypertext design models, implicit and dynamic links in; [Lewis 1999]
  methods, role in hypermedia development; [Rossi 1999]
  negotiations, capturing in hypertext link topologies; [Bernstein 1999]
     capturing, in hypertext system design support; [Oinas-Kukkonen 1999]
     software engineering, hypertext support of; [Oinas-Kukkonen 1999]
  techniques; [Oinas-Kukkonen 1999]
  tools; [Oinas-Kukkonen 1999]
  of user interface, hypertext as aid to, [Balasubramanian 1998] bibliographic reference; [Bieber 1999a]
design patterns
  See Also patterns
  See Also design
     catalog of; [Bernstein 1999]
     development; [Rossi 1999]
  user interface, hypermedia development use; [Rossi 1999]
  3 1/2D as potential alternative to, as Xanadu design idea, tagged to date and Xanadu design reference ID; [Nelson 1999k]
  See Also errors
  of content reference problems; [Davis 1999a]
  of dangling links; [Davis 1999a]
"Developing Hypermedia Applications with Methods and Patterns"; [Rossi 1999]
Devise HyperMedia system
  See Also projects
  Dexter hypertext reference model, extensions for open hypermedia support, [Grønbæk 1996] bibliographic reference; [Carr 1999]
  object-oriented approach, in Dexter storage layer implementation, [Grønbæk 1993] bibliographic reference; [Carr 1999]
  object-oriented approach in Dexter hypertext reference model storage layer implementation; [Carr 1999]
  WWW environment support; [Carr 1999]
     [Grønbæk 1997] bibliographic reference; [Carr 1999]
Dewan, P.
  bibliographic references, [Dewan 1995]; [Wiil 1999c]
Dewhurst, D. G.
  bibliographic references, [Quentin-Baxter 1992]; [Quentin-Baxter 1999]
Dexter hypertext reference model
  See Also model(s)/modeling
  decomposition of hypertext facilities by; [Carr 1999]
  in the evolution of link concepts; [Lewis 1999]
  [Halasz 1990] bibliographic reference; [Carr 1999]
  [Halasz 1994] bibliographic reference; [Lewis 1999]
     evolution from monolithic systems to networked systems; [Carr 1999]
     issues; [Carr 1999]
     issues, [Nürnberg 1997] bibliographic reference; [Carr 1999]
  link integrity assumptions, [Halasz 1994] bibliographic reference; [Davis 1999a]
  research review, [Grønbæck 1994] bibliographic reference; [Hardman 1999a]
  time not included explicitly, [Halasz 1994] bibliographic reference; [Hardman 1999a]
Diagram Editor
  as MetaEdit+ tool; [Oinas-Kukkonen 1999]
Dice coefficient
  similarity measures, [Salton 1989] bibliographic reference; [Furner 1999]
Dieberger, Andries
  bibliographic references, [Dieberger 1995]; [Shipman 1999a]
  simularity vs., as differentiator between transclusions and content links; [Nelson 1999k]
digital libraries
  See Also IR (information retrieval)
  [Conklin 1987] bibliographic reference; [Wiil 1999c]
  controlled vocabulary use; [Tudhope 1999]
  as hypermedia structuring principles application; [Wiil 1999c]
  [Schnase et al. 1994] bibliographic reference; [Wiil 1999c]
digital thesaurus
  See Also 
     IR (information retrieval)
  [van Rijsbergen 1979] bibliographic reference; [Lewis 1999]
Dill, J.
  bibliographic references, [Schaffer 1996]; [Mukherjea 1999]
DIPRE (dual iterative pattern relation expansion
  as crawling algorithm, DIPRE; [Li 1999]
directed graph(s)
  See Also 
     See Also 
  spatial relationships advantages over; [Shipman 1999a]
  WWW modeling as; [Kleinberg 1999]
  See Also 
     link(s)/linking, issues
  browser forward and back buttons as undo action rather than link bi-directionality; [Verbyla 1999]
  HTML alternatives; [Verbyla 1999]
  HTML link limitations; [Verbyla 1999]
  of links, authorities vs. hubs; [Kleinberg 1999]
  set-based alternatives to pointer-based links, [Parunak 1989] bibliographic reference; [Verbyla 1999]
directory hierarchy
  Xanadu alternatives to; [Nelson 1999k]
  See Also browsing
  topic browsing, as WWW information retrieval technique; [Chakrabarti 1999d]
  See Also semantics
  as lexical chaining beneficial side-effect; [Green 1999a]
  See Also 
  grammar, Parunak's taxonomy use; [Kopak 1999]
  models, value for automatic link generation; [Wilkinson 1999]
  structure of, lexical chain reflection of, [Morris 1991] bibliographic reference; [Green 1999a]
  See Also 
     IR (information retrieval)
  implicit structure, in spatial hypertext; [Shipman 1999a]
  resource, automatic, in WWW information retrieval; [Chakrabarti 1999d]
discrete mathematics
  WWW structure modeling; [Kleinberg 1999]
  function, as link role; [Kopak 1999]
  moves, functional relationships as [Kolb 1997], (footnote); [Kopak 1999]
disk trees
  See Also visualization
  [Chi 1998] bibliographic reference; [Mukherjea 1999]
  Time Tube use, Time Tube; [Benford 1999]
  as WWW visualization technique; [Mukherjea 1999]
  See Also 
     access mechanisms
  control of, hierarchical structure use; [Bernstein 1999]
  as hypermedia user problem; [Mukherjea 1999]
  as hypertext fiction device; [Bernstein 1999]
  as a non-issue
     [Bernstein 1989] bibliographic reference; [Bernstein 1999]
     [Landow 1990] bibliographic reference; [Bernstein 1999]
     [Landow 1992b] bibliographic reference; [Bernstein 1999]
  as pedagogical device; [Bernstein 1999]
  as a pedagogical device, [Landow 1995] bibliographic reference; [Bernstein 1999]
  possibility of, as motivation for hypertext maps; [Shipman 1999a]
  as possible consequence, when author model doesn't match reader model; [Bodner 1999a]
  viewed as
     danger, in early hypertext development; [Bernstein 1999]
     danger, in WWW hypertext development; [Bernstein 1999]
     non-issue; [Bernstein 1999]
  See Also 
     IR (information retrieval)
  relationships, in domain relationship analysis; [Bieber 1999]
  See Also spatial hypertext
  converted distance matrix, [Botafogo 1992] bibliographic reference; [Furner 1999]
  in graphs, social networks theory use; [Chakrabarti 1999d]
  measures of semantics; [Tudhope 1999]
  as focused crawler component; [Chakrabarti 1999d]
     analysis of WWW as social network; [Chakrabarti 1999d]
     query-ranking algorithms; [Li 1999]
     techniques, Google, [Brin 1998] bibliographic reference; [Chakrabarti 1999d]
     techniques, HITS, [Kleinberg 1998] bibliographic reference; [Chakrabarti 1999d]
     techniques, PageRank, [Brin 1998] bibliographic reference; [Chakrabarti 1999d]
     as WWW query ranking technique, [Kleinberg 1998] bibliographic reference; [Li 1999]
  See Also 
     OHS (Open Hypermedia Systems)
     WWW (World-Wide Web)
  access to scientific information, as Trigg PhD dissertation goal; [Kopak 1999]
  authoring, versioning advantages for; [Vitali 1999]
  global address space
     Internet difficulties with; [Nelson 1999k]
     Xanadu management of; [Nelson 1999k]
  systems, link integrity issues; [Davis 1999a]
     in HyperClas, [Dattolo 1996] bibliographic reference; [Vitali 1999]
     issues, [Durand 1994] bibliographic reference; [Vitali 1999]
     issues, [Hicks 1995] bibliographic reference; [Vitali 1999]
Distributed Link Service
  broken link handling, [Carr 1998] bibliographic reference; [Carr 1999]
  See Also argumentation
     in reading"afternoon: a story"; [Bernstein 1999]
     in reading"Victory Garden"; [Bernstein 1999]
  views, capturing in hypertext link topologies; [Bernstein 1999]
  hypertext relationship characteristic, vs. similarity in information retrieval relationships; [Lewis 1999]
  as information environment characteristic; [Carr 1999]
Dobie, M.
  bibliographic references, [Dobie 1999]; [Lewis 1999]
  See Also literature
  analysis, transpointing window use for; [Nelson 1999k]
  attributes, linking based on; [Carr 1999]
  [Carr 2000] bibliographic reference; [Carr 1999]
  collections, semantically-based retrieval tool role; [Tudhope 1999]
  identifier, anchor use of; [Davis 1999a]
  as information packages with points of view; [Nelson 1999k]
     in CASE environments, weaknesses of; [Oinas-Kukkonen 1999]
     hypertext support of; [Oinas-Kukkonen 1999]
  legacy, adding hypermedia to; [Anderson 1999b]
  management, versioning advantages; [Vitali 1999]
  models, hypermedia, incorporating time into; [Hardman 1999a]
  parallel, transpointing windows as a visualization for; [Nelson 1999k]
  preparation; [Lewis 1999]
     [Carr 2000] bibliographic reference; [Carr 1999]
     time-based issues; [Hardman 1999a]
  read-only, adding hypermedia to; [Anderson 1999b]
  representation, synset use, [Green 1999] bibliographic reference; [Green 1999a]
  separation of index space from, [Frisse 1989] bibliographic reference; [Tudhope 1999]
  software engineering, management issues; [Anderson 1999b]
  space navigation, [Marchionini 1995] bibliographic reference; [Tudhope 1999]
  structure, XML, (figure); [DeRose 1999a]
  syntax, organizational link representation of; [Kopak 1999]
  virtual, versioning importance for; [Vitali 1999]
Doerr, M.
  bibliographic references, [Doerr 1997]; [Tudhope 1999]
DOI (Digital Object identifier) standard
  See Also standards/standardization
  URL fragility resolution, [Lynch 1997] bibliographic reference; [DeRose 1999a]
DOI (Document Object Identifier)
  as HTML link alternative
     [DeRose 1999] bibliographic reference; [Verbyla 1999]
     [Lynch 1997] bibliographic reference; [Verbyla 1999]
Dom, B. E.
  bibliographic references
     [Chakrabarti 1998a]; [Li 1999], [Chakrabarti 1999d]
     [Chakrabarti 1998b]; [Li 1999], [Chakrabarti 1999d]
     [Chakrabarti 1998c]; [Chakrabarti 1999d]
     [Chakrabarti 1999]; [Li 1999]
     [Chakrabarti 1999a]; [Chakrabarti 1999d]
     [Chakrabarti 1999b]; [Chakrabarti 1999d]
     [Chakrabarti 1999c]; [Chakrabarti 1999d]
DOM (Document Object Model)
  See Also model(s)/modeling
  selection specifications in; [DeRose 1999a]
  [Wood 1998] bibliographic reference; [DeRose 1999a]
  [Wood 1999] bibliographic reference; [DeRose 1999a]
  See Also 
  hypermedia structuring principles application; [Wiil 1999c]
  model, adaptive hypermedia systems use; [De Bra 1999]
  -naming systems, Internet difficulties with; [Nelson 1999k]
  relationships, need for analysis methodologies; [Bieber 1999]
     representation, as hypermedia research goal; [Tudhope 1999]
     representation, [Collier 1987] bibliographic reference; [Tudhope 1999]
     representation, [Trigg 1986] bibliographic reference; [Tudhope 1999]
Douglas, J. Yellowlees
  bibliographic references
     [Douglas 1990]; [Bernstein 1999]
     [Douglas 1993]; [Bernstein 1999]
Drew, N. S.
  bibliographic references, [Hendley 1995]; [Mukherjea 1999], [Benford 1999]
Drexler, K. Eric
  as Xanadu designer; [Nelson 1999k]
  See Also 
     IR (information retrieval)
     reference integrity
  in information retrieval, strategies for reducing; [Chakrabarti 1999d]
Drucker, Steven M.
  bibliographic references, [Yankelovich 1988]; [DeRose 1999a]
DTD (Document Type Definition)
  See Also 
  as document grammar; [DeRose 1999a]
Dublin Core
  See Also metatdata
  [DublinCore 1999] bibliographic reference; [Tudhope 1999], [Vitali 1999a]
  as metadata resource descriptor set, [DublinCore 1999] bibliographic reference; [Tudhope 1999]
Dubs, S.
  bibliographic references, [Schaffer 1996]; [Mukherjea 1999]
Dumais, S. T.
  bibliographic references
     [Dumais 1998]; [Chakrabarti 1999d]
     [Furnas 1987]; [Furner 1999]
Dunmire, C.
  bibliographic references, [Roth 1996]; [Mukherjea 1999]
Durand, David G.
  See Also 
  bibliographic references
     [DeRose 1990]; [Shipman 1999a]
     [DeRose 1994]; [Davis 1999a]
     [DeRose 1995]; [Shipman 1999a]
     [Durand 1993]; [Vitali 1999]
     [Durand 1994]; [Vitali 1999]
     [Durand 1998]; [Mukherjea 1999], [Shipman 1999a], [Benford 1999]
     [Hicks 1995]; [Vitali 1999]
     [Slein 1997]; [Vitali 1999]
     [Vitali 1995]; [Vitali 1999]
  See Also 
     AHS (adaptive hypermedia services)
     hypertext, categories of
  adaptation, hypertext role, [Stotts 1991] bibliographic reference; [Bodner 1999a]
  content generation, providing hypertext support for; [Bieber 1999a]
  guided tours, temporal and spatial relationship role; [Tudhope 1999]
     See Also guard fields
     customization need addressed by; [Bodner 1999a]
     properties of; [Bodner 1999a]
     query-based; [Bodner 1999a]
     querying and browsing integration in; [Bodner 1999a]
     querying and linking issues; [Bodner 1999a]
  link generation, issues; [Verbyla 1999]
     adaptive links vs.; [Bodner 1999a]
     in hypertext design models; [Lewis 1999]
     as hypertext model dimension; [Bodner 1999a]
     link service, [Carr 1995] bibliographic reference; [Lewis 1999]
     link service, [Carr 1999] bibliographic reference; [Lewis 1999]
     as Multicosm source; [Lewis 1999]
     as navigation; [Bieber 1999a]
     in open hypermedia systems; [Lewis 1999]
     retrieval and navigation use; [Lewis 1999]
     simulation on the WWW, [Bernstein 1998] bibliographic reference; [Bernstein 1999]
     simulation on the WWW, [Kaplan 1996] bibliographic reference; [Bernstein 1999]
     static vs., as automatic link generation issue; [Wilkinson 1999]
     WWW mechanisms that simulate; [Bernstein 1999]
     WWW stateless server barriers; [Bernstein 1999]
  queries, in WebPath; [Benford 1999]
  system modification, as Microcosm capability; [Carr 1999]
"Dynamic Hypertext: Querying and Linking"; [Bodner 1999a]
  link semantics handling; [DeRose 1999a]
  [Reynolds 1992] bibliographic reference; [DeRose 1999a]
DYymE hypermedia engine
  automatic link generation from domain relationship analysis, [Bieber 1999a] bibliographic reference; [Bieber 1999]