CSCI2951-B Data-Driven Vision and Graphics

Spring 2012, MWF 11:00 to 11:50, CIT 506.
Instructor: James Hays

Course Description

Course Catalog Entry
This graduate seminar course investigates current research topics in image-based, data-driven graphics and vision. We will examine data sources, features, and algorithms useful for understanding and manipulating visual data. We will pay special attention to methods that harness large-scale or Internet-derived data. Vision topics such as scene understanding and object detection will be linked to graphics applications such as photo editing and image-based rendering. These topics will be pursued through independent reading, class discussion and presentations, and state-of-the-art projects.

The goal of this course is to give students the background and skills necessary to perform research in image-based graphics and vision. Students should understand the strengths and weaknesses of current approaches to research problems and identify interesting open questions and future research directions. Students will hopefully improve their critical reading and communication skills, as well.

Course Requirements

Reading and Summaries

Students will be expected to read one or two papers for each class. For every assigned paper, students must write a two or three sentence summary and identify at least one question or topic of interest for class discussion. Interesting topics for discussion could relate to strengths and weaknesses of the paper, possible future directions, connections to other research, uncertainty about the conclusions of the experiments, etc. Reading summaries should be emailed to the instructor by 11:59pm the day before each class. Please put the course number, "2951", somewhere in the subject line. If you are presenting you don't need to turn in a summary.

Class participation

All students are expected to take part in class discussions. If you do not fully understand a paper that is OK. We can work through the unclear aspects of a paper together in class. If you are unable to attend a specific class please let me know ahead of time (and have a good excuse!).


Depending on enrollment, students will lead the discussion of one or two papers during the semester. Ideally, students would implement some aspect of the presented material and perform experiments that help understand the algorithms. Presentations and all supplemental material should be ready one week before the presentation date so that students can meet with the instructor, go over the presentation, and possibly iterate before the in-class discussion. For the presentations it is fine to use slides and code from outside sources (for example, the paper authors) but be sure to give credit.

Semester projects

Students are expected to complete a state-of-the-art research project on topics relevant to the course. Students will propose a research topic part way through the semester. After a project topic is finalized, students will meet occasionally with the instructor to discuss progress. The course will end with final project presentations. Students will also produce a conference-formatted write-up of their project. The ideal project is something with a clear enough direction to be completed in a couple of months, and enough novelty such that it could be published in a peer-reviewed venue with some refinement and extension.


Strong mathematical skills (linear algebra, calculus, probability and statistics) and previous imaging (graphics, vision, or computational photography) courses are needed. It is strongly recommended that students have taken one of the following courses (or equivalent courses at other institutions): If you aren't sure whether you have the background needed for the course, you can try reading some of the papers below or you can simply come to class during the shopping period.


We will not rely on a textbook, although the free, online textbook "Computer Vision: Algorithms and Applications" by Richard Szeliski is a helpful resource.


Your final grade will be made up from

Office Hours:

James Hays, Monday and Wednesday 1:00-2:00pm


DatePaperPaper, Project page, and MaterialPresenter
W, Jan 25 Introduction James
F, Jan 27 The state of vision and graphics James
Image representations, mid-level vision, and their applications
M, Jan 30 80 million tiny images: a large dataset for non-parametric object and scene recognition. A. Torralba, R. Fergus, W. T. Freeman. IEEE Transactions on Pattern Analysis and Machine Intelligence, vol.30(11), 2008. pdf, project page James
W, Feb 1Object recognition from local scale-invariant features, David Lowe, ICCV 1999. pdf, project page James
optional reading Histograms of Oriented Gradients for Human Detection. Navneet Dalal and Bill Triggs. In Proceedings of IEEE Conference Computer Vision and Pattern Recognition, 2005. .pdf
F, Feb 3Video Google: A Text Retrieval Approach to Object Matching in Videos. Sivic, J. and Zisserman, A. Proceedings of the International Conference on Computer Vision (2003) pdf, project page James
optional reading Robust wide baseline stereo from maximally stable extremal regions. J. Matas, O. Chum, U. Martin, and T Pajdla. Proceedings of the British Machine Vision Conference, 2002. .pdf
M, Feb 6 Beyond Bags of Features: Spatial Pyramid Matching for Recognizing Natural Scene Categories. S. Lazebnik, C. Schmid, and J. Ponce, CVPR 2006. pdf, project page James
W, Feb 8 Scene Completion Using Millions of Photographs. James Hays, Alexei A. Efros. ACM Transactions on Graphics (SIGGRAPH 2007). August 2007, vol. 26, No. 3. project page James
F, Feb 10 Object Detection with Discriminatively Trained Part Based Models. P. Felzenszwalb, R. Girshick, D. McAllester, D. Ramanan., IEEE Transactions on Pattern Analysis and Machine Intelligence, Vol. 32, No. 9, September 2010 pdf, project page James
M, Feb 13 Matching Local Self-Similarities across Images and Videos. Eli Shechtman and Michal Irani. IEEE Conference on Computer Vision and Pattern Recognition 2007 (CVPR'07) project page Jung Uk
W, Feb 15 SUN Database: Large-scale Scene Recognition from Abbey to Zoo. J. Xiao, J. Hays, K. Ehinger, A. Oliva, and A. Torralba. IEEE Conference on Computer Vision and Pattern Recognition (CVPR2010). project page James
F, Feb 17 Local Intensity Order Pattern for Feature Description. Z. Wang, B. Fan and F. Wu. ICCV 2011. project page James
M, Feb 20No Classes
W, Feb 22 Evaluating Image Feaures Using a Photorealistic Virtual World. B. Kaneva, A. Torralba and W. T. Freeman. ICCV 2011. project page Vazheh
Crowd-sourcing and Human Computation
F, Feb 24 It's All About the Data. Tamara L. Berg, Alexander Sorokin, Gang Wang, David A. Forsyth, Derek Hoiem, Ali Farhadi, Ian Endres. Proceedings of the IEEE, Special Issue on Internet Vision, August 2010, 98-8, 1434-1453. IEEE explorer link to pdf James
M, Feb 27 ImageNet: A Large-Scale Hierarchical Image Database. J. Deng, W. Dong, R. Socher, L.-J. Li, K. Li and L. Fei-Fei. IEEE Computer Vision and Pattern Recognition (CVPR), 2009 pdf,project page Sungmin
W, Feb 29 Recognizing Jumbled Images: The Role of Local and Global Information in Image Classification. Devi Parikh. ICCV 2011 pdf Vihang
F, Mar 2 Micro Perceptual Human Computation for Visual Tasks. Yotam Gingold, Ariel Shamir, Daniel Cohen-Or. ACM Transactions on Graphics (ToG) 2012 project page Hang
Image Geolocation
M, Mar 5IM2GPS: estimating geographic information from a single image. James Hays and Alexei Efros. IEEE Conference on Computer Vision and Pattern Recognition (CVPR) 2008.project pageVazheh
W, Mar 7Image Sequence Geolocation with Human Travel Priors. Evangelos Kalogerakis, Olga Vesselova, James Hays, Alexei A. Efros, Aaron Hertzmann. Proceedings of the IEEE Internaltional Conference on Computer Vision Recognition (ICCV), 2009. project pagePaul
F, Mar 9Avoiding confusing features in place recognition. Jan Knopp, Josef Sivic, and Tomas Pajdla. ECCV 2010. project pageChen
Hallucinating Super-resolution
M, Mar 12 Example-based super-resolution. William T. Freeman, Thouis R. Jones, and Egon C. Pasztor. MERL Technical Report. pdf Andy
W, Mar 14Image Upsampling via Texture Hallucination. Y. HaCohen, R. Fattal, D. Lischinski. IEEE International Conference on Computational Photography (ICCP 2010). project pageKefei
F, Mar 16Detail Hallucination from Internet-scale Scene Matching. Libin "Geoffrey" Sun and James Hays. IEEE International Conference on Computational Photography (ICCP 2012). Geoff
LabelMe and Applications
M, Mar 19LabelMe: a Database and Web-based Tool for Image Annotation. B. C. Russell, A. Torralba, K. P. Murphy, W. T. Freeman. International Journal of Computer Vision, 2008. pdf, project page Kefei
W, Mar 21Project Status Updates. Everyone
F, Mar 23Project Status Updates. Everyone
M, Mar 26No Classes
W, Mar 28No Classes
F, Mar 30No Classes
M, Apr 2Building a database of 3D scenes from user annotations. B. C. Russell and A. Torralba. IEEE Conference on Computer Vision and Pattern Recognition (CVPR), 2009. pdf, Project pageKilho
W, Apr 4Photo Clip Art. Jean-François Lalonde, Derek Hoeim, Alexei A. Efros, Carsten Rother, John Winn and Antonio Criminisi. ACM Transactions on Graphics (SIGGRAPH 2007). project page Zhaoxin
F, Apr 6 Nonparametric Scene Parsing via Label Transfer. Ce Liu, Jenny Yuen, and Antonio Torralba. TPAMI 2011. project page Ryan
Applications of Unlabeled Scene Matching
M, Apr 9Image restoration using online photo collections. K. Dale, M.K. Johnson, K. Sunkavalli, W. Matusik and H. Pfister. International Conference on Computer Vision, 2009.project pagePaul
W, Apr 11CG2REAL. M.K. Johnson, K. Dale, S. Avidan, H. Pfister, W.T. Freeman and W. Matusik.. IEEE Trans. on Visualization and Computer Graphics 2010.project pageChen
Saliency and Image Synthesis
F, Apr 13Learning to predict where humans look. T. Judd, K. Ehinger, F. Durand, and A. Torralba. IEEE International Conference on Computer Vision (ICCV), 2009.project pageJung Uk
M, Apr 16Sketch2Photo: Internet Image Montage. ACM SIGGRAPH ASIA 2009, ACM Transactions on Graphics. Tao Chen, Ming-Ming Cheng, Ping Tan, Ariel Shamir, Shi-Min Hu.project pageTala
Attribute-based Representations
W, Apr 18Describing Objects by Their Attributes. A. Farhadi, I. Endres, D. Hoiem, and D.A. Forsyth. CVPR 2009 project pageFuyi
F, Apr 20SUN Attribute Database: Discovering, Annotating, and Recognizing Scene Attributes. Genevieve Patterson and James Hays. CVPR 2012 pdfGenevieve
M, Apr 23Relative Attributes. Devi Parikh and Kristen Grauman. ICCV 2011. project pageKilho
Natural language image description and synthesis
W, Apr 25Baby Talk: Understanding and Generating Simple Image Descriptions. Girish Kulkarni, Visruth Premraj, Sagnik Dhar, Siming Li, Yejin Choi, Alexander C. Berg, Tamara L. Berg. CVPR 2011 pdfHang
F, Apr 27Im2Text: Describing Images Using 1 Million Captioned Photographs. Vicente Ordonez, Girish Kulkarni, Tamara L. Berg. NIPS 2011 pdfSungmin
Data-driven Geometry and Color
M, Apr 30Data-Driven Suggestions for Creativity Support in 3D Modeling. Siddhartha Chaudhuri and Vladlen Koltun. In ACM Transactions on Graphics 2010. project pageAndy
W, May 2Learning 3D Mesh Segmentation and Labeling. Evangelos Kalogerakis, Aaron Hertzmann, and Karan Singh. ACM Transactions on Graphics, 2010. project pageRyan
F, May 4Color Compatibility From Large Datasets. Peter O'Donovan, Aseem Agarwala, and Aaron Hertzmann. ACM Transactions on Graphics, 2011. project pageZhaoxin
F, May 18
Final Project Presentations Everybody


Ideas for the organization and content of this course came from many other researchers such as Svetlana Lazebnik, Kristin Grauman, Antonio Torralba, Derek Hoeim, and Alexei Efros.

Related Graduate Seminars at other Universities (although these have more of a vision and learning emphasis)