Publications


Student Theses


Thesis

Robust Incremental Optical Flow,
Black, M. J.,
Ph.D. Thesis, Yale University, Department of Computer Science, Research Report YALEU-DCS-RR-923, 1992.
(abstract), (postscript, 2MB compressed), (pdf, 1.8MB), (software)


Patents and patent applications

Method and Apparatus for Estimating Body Shape
Black, M. J., Balan, A., Weiss, A., Sigal, L., Loper, M., St Clair, T.,
Us (12/541,898) And PCT patent application, filed August 14, 2009
(freepatents on line version with images) (USPTO version)

Visual motion analysis method for detecting arbitrary numbers of moving objects in image sequences,
Jepson, A. D., Fleet, D. J., and Black, M. J.,
US Pat. 6,954,544, Oct. 11, 2005.
(on line at USPTO)

Method and apparatus for generating a condensed version of a video sequence including desired affordances
Black, M. J., Ju, S., Minneman, S., and Kimber, D.,
US Pat. 6,560,281, May 6, 2003.
(on-line at USPTO)

Apparatus and method for identifying and tracking objects with view-based representations
Black, M. J. and Jepson, A.D.,
US Pat. 6,526,156, Feb. 25, 2003.
(on line at USPTO)

Apparatus and method for tracking facial motion through a sequence of images,
Black, M. J. and Yacoob, Y.,
US Pat. 5,802,220, Dec. 15, 1995.
(on line at USPTO)

Apparatus and method for recognizing facial expressions and facial gestures in a sequence of images
Black, M. J. and Yacoob, Y.,
US Pat. 5,774,591, Dec. 15, 1995.
(on line at USPTO)

Image segmentation using robust mixture models
Black, M. J. and Jepson, A. D.,
US Pat. 5,802,203, June 7, 1995.
(on line at USPTO)


Journal Publications

Loose-limbed People: Estimating Human Pose and Motion using Non-parametric Belief Propagation
Sigal, L., Isard, M., Haussecker, H., Black, M. J.,
International Journal of Computer Vision, pp. 1-34, 2011.
(pdf) (publisher's site)

Neural control of cursor trajectory and click by a human with tetraplegia 1000 days after implant of an intracortical microelectrode array,
Simeral, J. D., Kim, S.-P., Black, M. J., Donoghue, J. P., Hochberg, L. R.,
J. of Neural Engineering, vol 8, no. 2, 2011.
(pdf) (pdf from publisher)

Point-and-click cursor control with an intracortical neural interface system in humans with tetraplegia,
Kim, S.-P., Simeral, J.D., Hochberg, L.R., Donoghue, J.P., Friehs, G., Black, M.J.,
IEEE Trans. Neural Systems and Rehab. Eng., vol. 19, issue 2, pp. 193-203, Apr. 2011.
(pdf) (publisher site) (pub med)

A database and evaluation methodology for optical flow
Simon Baker, Daniel Scharstein, J.P. Lewis, Stefan Roth, Michael J. Black, and Richard Szeliski,
International Journal of Comptuer Vision. Volume 92, Issue 1 (2011), pages 1-31.
also: Micosoft Technical Report, MSR-TR-2009-179, December 2009.
(pdf) (pdf from publisher) (TR pdf) (Middlebury Flow Evaluation Website)

Decoding complete reach and grasp actions from local primary motor cortex populations
Vargas-Irwin, C. E., Shakhnarovich, G., Yadollahpour, P., Mislow, J.M.K., Black, M. J., Donoghue, J. P.,
The Journal ofNeuroscience, 39(29):9659-9669, July 21, 2010.
(pdf) (pdf from publisher)

HumanEva: Synchronized video and motion capture dataset and baseline algorithm for evaluation of articulated human motion,
Sigal, L., Balan, A., Black. M. J.,
International Journal of Computer Vision, 87(1):4-27, March 2010.
(pdf) (pdf from publisher)

Guest editorial: State of the art in image- and video-based human pose and motion estimation
Sigal, L. and Black, M. J.
International Journal of Computer Vision, 87(1):1-3, March 2010.
(pdf from publisher) (not peer reviewed)

Fields of Experts
Roth, S. and Black, M. J.,
International Journal of Computer Vision, 82(2):205-229, Apr. 2009.
(pdf) (pdf from publisher)

Neural control of computer cursor velocity by decoding motor cortical spiking activity in humans with tetraplegia
Sung-Phil Kim, John Simeral, Leigh Hochberg, John P Donoghue and Michael J Black
J. Neural Eng., vol. 5, pp. 455-476, 2008.
(pdf preprint) (pdf from publisher)

A non-parametric Bayesian alternative to spike sorting,
Wood, F. and Black, M. J.,
J. Neuroscience Methods, 173(1):1-12, Aug. 2008.
(pdf preprint), (pdf from publisher)

On the spatial statistics of optical flow,
Roth, S. and Black, M. J.,
Int. J. of Computer Vision,  74(1):33-50, Aug. 2007.
(pdf preprint), (pdf from publisher)

Assistive technology and robotic control using MI ensemble-based neural interface systems in humans with tetraplegia,
Donoghue, J. P., Nurmikko, A., Black, M., J., and Hochberg, L.,
Journal of Physiology, Special Issue on Brain Computer Interfaces, 579:603-611, 2007.
(pdf preprint) (pdf from publisher)

Neuromotor prosthesis development,
Donoghue, J.P., Hochberg, L.R., Nurmikko, A.V., Black, M.J., Simeral, J.D., and Friehs, G.,
Medicine & Health Rhode Island, Vol. 90, No. 1, pp. 12-15, Jan. 2007.
(pdf reprint)

Representing cyclic human motion using functional analysis.
Ormoneit, D., Black, M. J., Hastie, T., and Kjellstrm, H.,
Image and Vision Computing,  23(14):1264-1276, 12 Dec. 2005.
(pdf preprint), (pdf from publisher)

Bayesian population decoding of motor cortical activity using a Kalman filter.
Wu, W., Gao, Y., Bienenstock, E., Donoghue, J. P., Black, M. J.,
Neural Computation, 18:80-118, 2005.
(pdf preprint), (pdf from publisher)

On the variability of manual spike sorting,
Wood, F., Black, M. J., Vargas-Irwin, C., Fellows, M., Donoghue, J. P.,
IEEE Trans. Biomedical Engineering, 51(6):912-918, June 2004.
(pdf). (pdf from publisher)

Modeling and decoding motor cortical activity using a switching Kalman filter,
Wu, W., Black, M. J., Mumford, D., Gao, Y., Bienenstock, E., Donoghue, J. P.,
IEEE Trans. Biomedical Engineering, 51(6):933-942, June 2004.
(pdf), (pdf from publisher).

Guest editorial: Computational vision at Brown,
Black, M. J. and Kimia, B.,
International Journal of Computer Vision, Vol. 54, Issue 1-3, pp. 5-11, Aug.-Oct. 2003.
(pdf),  (pdf from publisher). (not peer reviewed)

Robust parameterized component analysis: Theory and applications to 2D facial appearance models,
De la Torre, F., and Black, M. J.,
Computer Vision and Image Understanding. Vol. 91, Issues 1-2, pp. 53-71, (July-August) 2003.
(pdf). (pdf from publisher)

A framework for robust subspace learning,
De la Torre, F. and Black, M. J.,
International Journal of Computer Vision. Vol. 54, Issue 1-3, pp. 117-142, Aug.-Oct. 2003.
(pdf). (pdf from publisher) Software (Matlab).

Learning the statistics of people in images and video,
Sidenbladh, H. and Black, M. J.,
International Journal of Computer Vision. Vol. 54, Issue 1-3, pp. 183-209, Aug.-Oct. 2003.
(pdf). (pdf from publisher), Software (Matlab).

Probabilistic detection and tracking of motion boundaries
Black, M. J. and Fleet, D. J.,
Int. J. of Computer Vision, 38(3):231-245, July 2000.
(pdf). (pdf from publisher). (video)

Design and use of linear models for image motion analysis,
Fleet, D. J., Black, M. J., Yacoob, Y., and Jepson, A. D.,
Int. J. of Computer Vision, 36(3), pp. 171-193, 2000.
(pdf). (pdf from publisher).

Robustly estimating changes in image appearance,
Black, M. J., Fleet, D. J., and Yacoob, Y.,
Computer Vision and Image Understanding, Special Issue on Robust Statistical Techniques in Image Understanding, 78(1), pp. 8-31, 2000.
(pdf). (pdf from publisher)

Parameterized modeling and recognition of activities,
Yacoob, Y. and Black, M. J.,
Computer Vision and Image Understanding. 73(2), pp. 232-247, 1999.
(pdf), (pdf from publisher), (postscript), (abstract).

Summarization of video-taped presentations: Automatic analysis of motion and gesture,
Ju, S. X., Black, M. J., Minneman, S., and Kimber, D.,
IEEE Trans. on Circuits and Systems for Video Technology. Vol. 8, No. 5, Sept. 1998, pp. 686-696.
(pdf)(postscript), (pdf from publisher), (abstract)

PLAYBOT: A visually-guided robot for physically disabled children,
Tsotsos, J. K., Verghese, G., Dickinson, S., Jenkin, M., Jepson, A., Milios, E., Nuflo, F., Stevenson, S., Black, M., Metaxas, D., Culhane, S., Ye, Y., Mann, R.,
Image & Vision Computing, Special Issue on Vision for the Disabled, 16(4), pp. 275-292, 1998.
(pdf from publisher) (abstract)

Robust anisotropic diffusion,
Black, M. J., Sapiro, G., Marimont, D., Heeger, D.,
IEEE Transactions on Image Processing, Special issue on Partial Differential Equations and Geometry Driven Diffusion in Image Processing and Analysis, 7(3), pp. 421-432, March 1998.
(pdf), (pdf from publisher), (postscript), (abstract).

EigenTracking: Robust matching and tracking of articulated objects using a view-based representation,
Black, M. J. and Jepson, A.,
International Journal of Computer Vision, 26(1), pp. 63-84, 1998.
(pdf), (pdf from publisher), (video)
also Xerox PARC, Technical Report P95-000515, Feb. 1996. (abstract).

Recognizing facial expressions in image sequences using local parameterized models of image motion,
Black, M. J. and Yacoob, Y.,
Int. Journal of Computer Vision, 25(1), pp. 23-48, 1997.
(pdf), (pdf from publisher), (abstract) (video)
also Xerox PARC, Technical Report SPL-95-020, March 1995.

Estimating optical flow in segmented images using variable-order parametric models with local deformations,
Black, M. J. and Jepson, A.,
IEEE Transactions on Pattern Analysis and Machine Intelligence, Vol. 18, No. 10, Oct. 1996, pp. 972-986.
(pdf), (pdf from publisher), (abstract).

On the unification of line processes, outlier rejection, and robust statistics with applications in early vision,
Black, M., Rangarajan, A.,
International Journal of Computer Vision Vol. 19, No. 1, pp. 57-92, July, 1996.
(pdf), (pdf from publisher), (abstract).

The robust estimation of multiple motions: Parametric and piecewise-smooth flow fields,
Black, M. J. and Anandan, P.,
Computer Vision and Image Understanding, CVIU, 63(1), pp. 75-104, Jan. 1996.
(pdf), (pdf from publisher) (abstract) (software), (new improved Matlab optical flow code) (video)

A computational and evolutionary perspective on the role of representation in computer vision,
Tarr, M. J. and Black, M. J.,
CVGIP: Image Understanding, Vol. 60, No. 1, pages 65-73, July 1994.
(pdf), (abstract).

Reconstruction and purpose,
Tarr, M. J. and Black, M. J.,
CVGIP: Image Understanding, Vol. 60, No. 1, pages 113-118, July 1994.
(pdf). (not peer reviewed)


Book Chapters

Benchmark datasets for pose estimation and tracking,
Andriluka, M., Sigal, L., Black, M.J.,
Visual Analysis of Humans: Looking at People, Moesland, Hilton, Krüger and Sigal, Eds.,
pp. 253-275, Springer-Verlag, London, 2011.

Fields of experts,
Roth, S. and Black, M. J.,
Markov Random Fields for Vision and Image Processing, Blake, A., Kohli, P., and Rother, C., Eds.,
MIT Press, pp. 297-310, 2011.

Steerable random fields for image restoration and inpainting,
Roth, S. and Black, M. J.,
Markov Random Fields for Vision and Image Processing, Blake, A., Kohli, P., and Rother, C., Eds.,
MIT Press, pp. 377-387, 2011

Development of neural motor prostheses for humans.
Donoghue, J., Nurmikko, A., Friehs, G., Black, M.,
(Invited paper) Advances in Clinical Neurophysiology (Supplements to Clinical Neurophysiology, Vol. 57) Editors: M. Hallett, L.H. Phillips, II, D.L. Schomer, J.M. Massey. 2004.
(pdf).

Probabilistically modeling and decoding neural population activity in motor cortex
Black, M. J. and Donoghue, J. P.,
in Toward Brain-Computer Interfacing, G. Dornhege, J. del R. Millan, T. Hinterberger, D. McFarland, K.-R. Muller (eds.), MIT Press, pp. 147-159, 2007.
(pdf)

Bayesian Inference of Visual Motion Boundaries,
Fleet, D. J., Black, M. J. and Nestares, O.,
in Exploring Artificial Intelligence in the New Millennium, Lakemeyer, G. and Nebel, B. (Eds.), Morgan Kaufmann Pub., pp. 139-174, July 2002.
(pdf)

Artscience Sciencart,
Black, M. J., Levy, D., PamelaZ,
Art and Innovation: The Xerox PARC Artist-in-Residence Program, Harris, C. (Ed.), MIT Press, pp. 244-300, 1999.
(abstract)

Recognizing human motion using parameterized models of optical flow,
Black, M. J., Yacoob, Y., and Ju, X. S.,
in Motion-Based Recognition, Eds. Mubarak Shah and Ramesh Jain, Kluwer Academic Publishers, Boston, pp. 245-269, 1997.
(pdf) (postscript)

Looking at people in action - An overview,
Yacoob, Y., Davis, L. S., Black, M., Gavrila, D., Horprasert, T., and Morimoto, C.,
in Computer Vision for Human--Machine Interaction, R. Cipolla and A. Pentland, Eds., Cambridge University Press, 1998.

Mixture models for optical flow computation,
Jepson A. and Black, M.,
in Partitioning Data Sets, DIMACS Workshop, April 1993 Eds. Ingemar Cox, Pierre Hansen, and Bela Julesz, AMS Pub., Providence, RI., pp. 271-286;
also, Tech. Report, Res. in Biol. and Comp. Vision, RBCV-TR-93-44, Dept. of Comp. Sci., Univ. of Toronto, 1993.
(pdf), (abstract)


Technical Reports

A quantitative analysis of current practices in optical flow estimation and the principles behind them
Sun, D., Roth, S. and Black, M. J.,
Technical Report, Brown-CS-10-03, Brown University, Department of Computer Science, Providence, Rhode Island, 2010.
(pdf)

Incremental nonparametric Bayesian regression,
Wood, F., Grollman, D. H., Heller, K. A., Jenkins, O. C. and Black, M. J.,
Technical Report CS-08-07, Brown University, Department of Computer Science, Providence, Rhode Island, 2008.
(abstract), (pdf)

Denoising archival films using a learned Bayesian model,
Moldovan, T. M., Roth, S., and Black, M. J.,
Technical Report CS-07-03, Brown University, Department of Computer Science, Providence, Rhode Island, 2007.
(abstract), (pdf)

HumanEva: Synchronized video and motion capture dataset for evaluation of articulated human motion,
Sigal, L. and Black, M. J.
Technical Report CS-06-08, Brown University, Department of Computer Science, Sept. 2006.
(pdf)

The dense estimation of motion and appearance in layers.
Yalcin, H., Black, M. J., and Fablet, R.,
Brown University, Dept. of Computer Science, Tech Report CS-04-15, November 2004.
(pdf)

Mixture models for image representation,
Jepson, A. D. and Black, M. J.,
PRECARN ARK Project Technical Report ARK96-PUB-54, March 1996.
(pdf) (postscript), (abstract)


Conference and Workshop Publications

Neural Engineering (Neural Prostheses, Computational Neuroscience):

Combining wireless neural recording and video capture for the analysis of natural gait
Foster, J., Freifeld, O., Nuyujukian, P., Ryu, S., Black, M. J., Shenoy, K.,
Proc. 5th Int. IEEE EMBS Conf. on Neural Engineering, pp. 613-616, 2011.
(pdf)

Computer cursor control by motor cortical signals in humans with tetraplegia,
Kim, S.-P., Simeral, J. D., Hochberg, L. R., Donoghue, J. P., and Black, M. J.,
7th Asian Control Conference, ASCC09, Hong Kong, China, pp. 988-993, August 27-29, 2009.
(pdf)

Multi-state decoding of point-and-click control signals from motor cortical activity in a human with tetraplegia,
Kim, S.-P., Simeral, J., Hochberg, L., Donoghue, J. P., Friehs, G., Black, M. J.,
The 3rd International IEEE EMBS Conference on Neural Engineering, pp. 486-489, May 2-5, 2007.
(pdf)

Decoding grasp aperture from motor-cortical population activity,
Artemiadis, P., Shakhnarovich, G., Vargas-Irwin, C., Donoghue, J. P., Black, M. J.,
The 3rd International IEEE EMBS Conference on Neural Engineering, pp. 518-521, May 2-5, 2007.
(pdf)

Nonlinear physically-based models for decoding motor-cortical population activity,
Shakhnarovich, G., Kim, S.-P. and Black, M. J.,
Advances in Neural Information Processing Systems 19, NIPS-2006, pp. 1257-1264, 2006.
(pdf)

A non-parametric Bayesian approach to spike sorting,
Wood, F., Goldwater, S., and Black, M. J.,
International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society, New York, NY, Aug-Sep, pp. 1165-1169, 2006.
(pdf)

Statistical analysis of the non-stationarity of neural population codes.
Kim, S.-P., Wood, F., Fellows, M., Donoghue, J. P., Black, M. J.,
BioRob 2006, The first IEEE / RAS-EMBS International Conference on Biomedical Robotics and Biomechatronics,  pp. 295-299, Pisa, Italy, Feb. 2006.
(pdf)

Modeling neural population spiking activity with Gibbs distributions.
Wood, F., Roth, S., and Black, M. J.,
Advances in Neural Information Processing Systems 18, pp. 1537-1544, 2005.
(pdf)

Inferring attentional state and kinematics from motor cortical firing rates,
Wood, F., Prabhat, Donoghue, J. P., Black, M. J.,
Proc. IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society, pp 1544-1547, Sept. 2005.
(pdf)

Motor cortical decoding using an autoregressive moving average model,
Fisher, J and Black, M. J.,
Proc. IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society, pp. 1469-1472, Sept. 2005.
(pdf)

Closed-loop neural control of cursor motion using a Kalman filter,
Wu, W., Shaikhouni, A., Donoghue, J. P., Black, M. J.,
Proc. IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society, pp. 4126-4129, Sept. 2004.
(pdf).

Automatic spike sorting for neural decoding,
Wood, F. D., Fellows, M., Donoghue, J. P., Black, M. J.,
Proc. IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society, pp. 4009-4012, Sept. 2004.
(pdf).

A switching Kalman filter model for the motor cortical coding of hand motion,
Wu, W., Black, M. J., Mumford, D., Gao, Y., Bienenstock, E., Donoghue, J. P.,
Proc. IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society, pp. 2083-2086, Sept. 2003
(pdf).

Connecting brains with machines: The neural control of 2D cursor movement,
Black, M. J., Bienenstock, E., Donoghue, J. P., Serruya, M., Wu, W., Gao, Y.,
1st International IEEE/EMBS Conference on Neural Engineering, pp. 580-583, Capri, Italy, March 20-22, 2003.
(pdf).

A quantitative comparison of linear and non-linear models of motor cortical activity for the encoding and decoding of arm motions,
Gao, Y., Black, M. J., Bienenstock, E., Wu, W., Donoghue, J. P.,
1st International IEEE/EMBS Conference on Neural Engineering, pp. 189-192, Capri, Italy, March 20-22, 2003.
(pdf).

Neural decoding of cursor motion using a Kalman filter,
Wu, W., Black, M. J., Gao, Y., Bienenstock, E., Serruya, M., Shaikhouni, A., Donoghue, J. P.,
Advances in Neural Information Processing Systems 15, S. Becker, S. Thrun and K. Obermayer (Eds.), MIT Press, pp. 133-140, 2003.
(pdf).

Inferring hand motion from multi-cell recordings in motor cortex using a Kalman filter,
Wu, W., Black, M. J., Gao, Y., Bienenstock, E., Serruya, M., and Donoghue, J. P.,
SAB'02-Workshop on Motor Control in Humans and Robots: On the Interplay of Real Brains and Artificial Devices, August 10, 2002, Edinburgh, Scotland (UK), pp. 66-73.
(abstract), (postscript), (pdf).

Probabilistic inference of arm motion from neural activity in motor cortex,
Gao, Y., Black, M. J., Bienenstock, E., Shoham, S., Donoghue, J.,
Advances in Neural Information Processing Systems 14, T. G. Dietterich, S. Becker, and Z. Ghahramani (Eds.), pp. 221-228, MIT Press, 2002.
(abstract), (postscript), (pdf).

Computer Vision:

Home 3D body scans from noisy image and range data
Weiss, A., Hirshberg, D., Black, M.J.,
Int. Conf. on Comptuer Vision, ICCV, pp. 1951-1958, Barcelona, Nov 2011.
(pdf) (video)

Evaluating the automated alignment of 3D human body scans,
Hirshberg, D. A., Loper, M., Rachlin, E., Tsoli, A., Weiss, A., Corner, B., Black, M. J.,
2nd Int. Conf. on 3D Body Scanning Technologies, Lugano, Switzerland, pp. 76-86, Oct. 25-26, 2011.

Shape- and pose-invariant correspondences using probabilistic geodesic surface embedding,
Tsoli, A. and Black, M.J.,
33rd Annual Symposium of the German Association for Pattern Recognition (DAGM), pp. 256-265, 2011.
(pdf)

Layered image motion with explicit occlusions, temporal consistency, and depth ordering
Sun, D., Sudderth, E., and Black, M. J.
Advances in Neural Information Processing Systems 23, NIPS, MIT Press, 2010.
(main paper) (supplemental material) (paper and supplemental material in one pdf file)

A 2D human body model dressed in eigen clothing
Guan, P, Freifeld, O, and Black, M. J.,
European Conf. on Computer Vision, ECCV, Part I, LNCS 6311, pp. 285–298, 2010.
(pdf)

Contour people: A parameterized model of 2D articulated human shape
Freifeld, O., Weiss, A., Zuffi, S., and Black, M. J.,
IEEE Conf. on Computer Vision and Pattern Recog., CVPR, pp. 639-646, June 2010.
(pdf) (slides) (video of CVPR talk)

Secrets of optical flow estimation and their principles
Sun, D., Roth, S., and Black, M. J.,
IEEE Conf. on Computer Vision and Pattern Recog., CVPR, pp. 2432-2439, June 2010.
(pdf) (Tech Report) (Matlab code) (code copryright notice)

Tracking people interacting with objects
Kjellstrom, H., Kragic, D. and Black, M. J.,
IEEE Conf. on Computer Vision and Pattern Recog., CVPR, pp. 747-754, June 2010.
(pdf)

An additive latent feature model for transparent object recognition,
Fritz, M., Black, M., Bradski, G., Karayev, S., Darrell, T.,
Advances in Neural Information Processing Systems 22, NIPS-2009, MIT Press., pp. 558-566, 2009.
(pdf)

Estimating human shape and pose from a single image,
Guan, P., Weiss, A., Balan, A., Black, M. J.,
Int. Conf. on Computer Vision, ICCV, Kyoto, Japan, pp. 1381-1388, Sept. 2009.
(pdf) (video - mov 25MB)(video - mp4 10MB) (video)

The naked truth: Estimating body shape under clothing,
Balan, A. and Black, M. J.,
European Conf. on Computer Vision, ECCV, LNCS Vol. 5303, pp. 15-29, Marseilles, France, Oct. 2008.
(pdf)  (pdf with higher quality images) (Springerlink version) (video) (video on applications)

Learning optical flow,
Sun, D., Roth, S., Lewis, J.P. and Black, M. J.,
European Conf. on Computer Vision, ECCV,  LNCS Vol. 5304, pp. 83-87, Marseilles, France, Oct. 2008.
(pdf) (Springerlink version)

Combined discriminative and generative articulated pose and non-rigid shape estimation,
Sigal, L., Balan, A., and Black, M. J.,
 Advances in Neural Information Processing Systems 20, NIPS-2007, MIT Press, pp. 1337-1344, 2008.
(pdf)

Steerable random fields,
(Best Paper Award, INI-Graphics Net, 2008)
Roth, S. and Black, M. J.,
Int. Conf. on Computer Vision, ICCV,  Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, pp. 1-8, October 2007.
(pdf)

A database and evaluation methodology for optical flow,
Baker, S., Scharstien, D., Lewis, J. P., Roth, S., Black, M. J., Szeliski, R.,
Int. Conf. on Computer Vision, ICCV,  Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, pp. 1-8, October 2007.
(pdf)

Shining a light on human pose: On shadows, shading and the estimation of pose and shape,
Balan, A., Black, M. J., Haussecker, H., Sigal, L.,
Int. Conf. on Computer Vision, ICCV,  Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, pp. 1-8, October 2007.
(pdf) (video)

Detailed human shape and pose from images,
Balan, A., Sigal, L., Black, M. J., Davis, J., Haussecker, H.,
Proc. IEEE Conf. on Computer Vision and Pattern Recognition, CVPR, Minneapolis, pp. 1-8, June 2007.
(pdf) (video)

Denoising archival films using a learned Bayesian model,
Moldovan, T. M., Roth, S. and Black, M. J.,
Int. Conf. on Image Processing, ICIP, Atlanta, pp. 2641-2644, 2006
(pdf)

Predicting 3D People from 2D Pictures,  
(Best Paper Award).
Sigal, L.,  Black M. J. 
AMDO 2006 - IV Conference on Articulated Motion and Deformable Objects, Mallorca, Spain, LNCS vol. 4069, pp. 185-195, July 2006.
(pdf) (official SpringerLink pdf version)

Specular flow and the recovery of surface structure,
Roth, S. and Black, M. J., 
Proc. IEEE Conf. on Computer Vision and Pattern Recognition, CVPR,
vol. 2, pp. 1869-1876, New York, NY, June 2006.
(pdf)

An adaptive appearance model approach for model-based articulated object tracking,
Balan, A. and Black, M. J., 
Proc. IEEE Conf. on Computer Vision and Pattern Recognition, CVPR,
vol. 1, pp. 758-765, New York, NY, June 2006.
(pdf)

Measure locally, reason globally: Occlusion-sensitive articulated pose estimation,
Sigal, L. and Black, M. J.,
Proc. IEEE Conf. on Computer Vision and Pattern Recognition, CVPR,
vol. 2, pp. 2041-2048, New York, NY,  June 2006.
(pdf)

Efficient belief propagation with learned higher-order Markov random fields,
Lan, X., Roth, S., Huttenlocher, D., Black, M. J.
European Conference on Computer Vision, ECCV, Vol. II, pp. 269-282, 2006.
(pdf) (official Springer pdf version)

Tracking complex objects using graphical object models,
Sigal, L., Zhu, Y., Comaniciu, D., Black, M. J.,
International Workshop on Complex Motion, Spring-Verlag, LNCS, Volume 3417, pp. 223-234, 2006.
(pdf), (pdf from publisher)

On the spatial statistics of optical flow,
(Marr Prize, Honorable Mention)
Roth, S., Black, M. J.,
International Conf. on Computer Vision, ICCV, pp. 42-49, 2005.
(pdf)

A quantitative evaluation of video-based 3D person tracking,
Balan, A. O., Sigal, L., and Black, M. J.,
The Second Joint IEEE International Workshop on Visual Surveillance and Performance Evaluation of Tracking and Surveillance, VS-PETS,
Beijing, China, pp. 349-356, Oct 15-16, 2005.
(pdf)

Fields of Experts: A framework for learning image priors,
Roth, S., Black, M. J.,
IEEE Conf. on Computer Vision and Pattern Recognition, CVPR, vol. II, pp. 860-867, June 2005.
(pdf)

Tracking loose-limbed people,
Sigal, L., Bhatia, S., Roth, S., Black, M. J., Isard, M.,
IEEE Conf. on Computer Vision and Pattern Recognition, CVPR, vol. I, pp. 421-428, June 2004.
(pdf)

Gibbs likelihoods for Bayesian tracking,
Roth, S., Sigal, L., Black, M. J.,
IEEE Conf. on Computer Vision and Pattern Recognition, CVPR, vol. I, pp. 886-893, June 2004.
(pdf)

The dense estimation of motion and appearance in layers,
Yalcin, H, Black, M. J., Fablet, R.,
IEEE Workshop on Image and Video Registration, CVPR'04 CDROM Proceedings, Washington DC, June 2004.
(pdf)

3D human limb detection using space carving and multi-view eigen models,
Bhatia, S., Sigal, L., Isard, M., Black, M. J.,
IEEE Workshop on Articulated and Nonrigid Motion, CVPR'04 CDROM Proceedings, Washington DC, June 2004.
(pdf)

Attractive people: Assembling loose-limbed models using non-parametric belief propagation,
Sigal, L., Isard, M. I., Sigelman, B. H., Black, M. J.,
Advances in Neural Information Processing Systems 16, NIPS,
S. Thrun, L. K. Saul and B. Scholkopf (Eds.), MIT Press, pp.1539-1546, 2004.
(pdf (color)), (pdf (black and white).

Image statistics and anisotropic diffusion,
Scharr, H., Black, M. J., Haussecker, H.,
Int. Conf. on Computer Vision, ICCV, pp. 840-847, Oct. 2003, Nice, France.
(pdf).

Implicit probabilistic models of human motion for synthesis and tracking,
Sidenbladh, H., Black, M. J., and Sigal, L.,
European Conf. on Computer Vision, ECCV 2002, A. Heyden, G. Sparr, M. Nielsen, and P. Johansen (Eds.), Springer-Verlag LNCS 2353, Vol. 1, pp. 784-800.
(abstract), (postscript), (pdf).

Automatic detection and tracking of human motion with a view-based representation,
Fablet, R., and Black, M. J.,
European Conf. on Computer Vision, ECCV 2002, A. Heyden, G. Sparr, M. Nielsen, and P. Johansen (Eds.), Springer-Verlag LNCS 2353, Vol. 1, pp. 476-491.
(postscript), (pdf).

A layered motion representation with occlusion and compact spatial support,
Fleet, D. J., Jepson, A., and Black, M. J.,
European Conf. on Computer Vision, ECCV 2002, A. Heyden, G. Sparr, M. Nielsen, and P. Johansen (Eds.), Springer-Verlag LNCS 2353, Vol. 1, pp. 692-706.
(pdf).

Robust parameterized component analysis: Theory and applications to 2D facial modeling,
De la Torre, F. and Black, M. J.,
European Conf. on Computer Vision, ECCV 2002, A. Heyden, G. Sparr, M. Nielsen, and P. Johansen (Eds.), Springer-Verlag LNCS 2353, Vol. 4, pp. 653-669.
(pdf).

Dynamic coupled component analysis,
De la Torre, F. and Black, M. J.,
IEEE Proc. Computer Vision and Pattern Recognition, CVPR'01, Kauai, Hawaii, Vol. II, pp. 643-650, Dec. 2001.
(postscript), (pdf).

Learning image statistics for Bayesian tracking,
Sidenbladh, H. and Black, M. J.,
Int. Conf. on Computer Vision, ICCV-2001, Vancouver, BC, Vol. II, pp. 709-716.
(postscript, 2.8MB)(pdf, 0.38MB), (abstract) Software (Matlab).

Robust principal component analysis for computer vision,
De la Torre, F. and Black, M. J.,
Int. Conf. on Computer Vision, ICCV-2001, Vancouver, BC, Vol. I, pp. 362-369.
(postscript, 1.0MB)(pdf, 0.36MB), (abstract), (Software, demos, and data.)

Learning and tracking cyclic human motion,
Ormoneit, D., Sidenbladh, H., Black, M. J., Hastie, T.,
Advances in Neural Information Processing Systems 13, NIPS, Leen, Todd K. and Dietterich, Thomas G. and Tresp, Volker, Eds., The MIT Press, pp. 894-900, 2001.
(abstract), (pdf), (ps.gz).

Stochastic tracking of 3D human figures using 2D image motion,
(Winner of the 2010 Koenderink Prize for Fundamental Contributions in Computer Vision)
Sidenbladh, H., Black, M. J., and Fleet, D.J.,
European Conference on Computer Vision, ECCV, D. Vernon (Ed.), Springer Verlag, LNCS 1843, Dublin, Ireland, pp. 702-718 June 2000.
(postscript)(pdf), (abstract) Software (Matlab).

Functional analysis of human motion data,
Ormoneit, D., Hastie, T., Black, M. J.,
In Proc. 5th World Congress of the Bernoulli Society for Probability and Mathematical Statistics and 63rd Annual Meeting of the Institute of Mathematical Statistics. Guanajuato, Mexico, May 2000.

A framework for modeling the appearance of 3D articulated figures,
Sidenbladh, H., De la Torre, F., Black, M. J.,
Int. Conf. on Automatic Face and Gesture Recognition, Grenoble, France, pp. 368-375, March 2000.
(pdf) (postscript), (abstract)

Probabilistic detection and tracking of motion discontinuities,
(Marr Prize, Honorable Mention)
Black, M. J. and Fleet, D. J.,
Int. Conf. on Computer Vision, ICCV-99, Corfu, Greece, Sept. 1999, pp. 551-558.
(postscript, 2.2MB)(pdf, 0.24MB), (abstract) (video)

Edges as outliers: Anisotropic smoothing using local image statistics,
Black, M. J. and Sapiro, G.,
Scale-Space Theories in Computer Vision, Second Int. Conf., Scale-Space '99, Corfu, Greece, LNCS 1682, Springer, Sept. 1999, pp. 259-270.
(postscript, 1.3MB)(pdf, 0.3MB), (abstract)

Explaining optical flow events with parameterized spatio-temporal models,
Black, M. J.,
IEEE Proc. Computer Vision and Pattern Recognition, CVPR'99, Fort Collins, CO, 1999, pp. 326-332.
(postscript, 3MB), (pdf 0.7MB), (abstract) (video)

Visual surveillance of human activity.
L. Davis, S. Fejes, D. Harwood, Y. Yacoob, I. Hariatoglu and M. Black,
Asian Conference on Computer Vision, ACCV, 1998.
(pdf) (postscript, 2MB)

Motion feature detection using steerable flow fields
Fleet, D. J., Black, M. J., and Jepson, A. D.,
IEEE Conf. on Computer Vision and Pattern Recognition, CVPR-98, Santa Barbara, CA, 1998, pp. 274-281.
(pdf) (postscript), (abstract)

A Probabilistic framework for matching temporal trajectories: Condensation-based recognition of gestures and expressions
Black, M. J. And Jepson, A. D.,
European Conf. on Computer Vision, ECCV-98, Freiburg, Germany, 1998, pp. 909-924.
(pdf) (postscript, 0.5MB), (abstract)

The Digital Office: Overview,
Black, M., Berard, F., Jepson, A., Newman, W., Saund, E., Socher, G., Taylor, M.,
AAAI Spring Symposium on Intelligent Environments, Stanford, March, 1998, pp. 1-6.
(pdf) (postscript, 0.4MB), (abstract)

Recognizing temporal trajectories using the Condensation algorithm,
Black, M. J. and Jepson, A. D.,
Int. Conf. on Automatic Face and Gesture Recognition, Nara, Japan, 1998, pp. 16-21.
(postscript)(pdf), (abstract)

A framework for modeling appearance change in image sequences,
Black, M. J., Fleet, D. J., Yacoob, Y.,
Sixth International Conf. on Computer Vision, ICCV'98, Mumbai, India, Jan. 1998, pp. 660-667.
(pdf) (postscript), (abstract) (video)

Parameterized modeling and recognition of activities,
Yacoob, Y. and Black, M. J.,
Sixth International Conf. on Computer Vision, ICCV'98, Mumbai, India, Jan. 1998, pp. 120-127.
(postscript)(pdf), (abstract)

Robust anisotropic diffusion and sharpening of scalar and vector images.
Black, M. J., Sapiro, G., Marimont, D., Heeger, D.,
Int. Conf. on Image Processing, ICIP, Vol. 1, Santa Barbara, CA, Oct. 1997, pp. 263-266.

Learning parameterized models of image motion,
Black, M. J., Yacoob, Y., Jepson, A. D., Fleet, D. J.,
IEEE Conf. on Computer Vision and Pattern Recognition, CVPR-97, Puerto Rico, June 1997, pp. 561-567.
(pdf) (postscript), (abstract)

Analysis of gesture and action in technical talks for video indexing,
Ju, S. X., Black, M. J., Minneman, S., and Kimber, D.,
IEEE Conf. on Computer Vision and Pattern Recognition, CVPR-97, Puerto Rico, June 1997, pp. 595-601;
also in AAAI Spring Symposium'97: Intelligent Integration and Use of Text, Image, Video and Audio Corpora, March 1997, pp. 25-31.
(pdf) (postscript), (abstract)

Robust anisotropic diffusion: Connections between robust statistics, line processing, and anisotropic diffusion,
Black, M. J., Sapiro, G., Marimont, D., Heeger, D.,
in Scale-Space Theory in Computer Vision, Scale-Space'97, B. ter Haar Romeny, L. Florack, J. Koenderink, and M. Viergever (Eds.), Springer Verlag, LNCS 1252, Utrecht, the Netherlands, July 1997, pp. 323-326.
(pdf), (postscript), (abstract)

Modeling appearance change in image sequences,
Black, M. J., Yacoob, Y., Fleet, D. J.,
in Advances in Visual Form Analysis, Proceedings of the Third International Workshop on Visual Form, Capri, Italy, May 1997, C. Arcelli, L. P. Cordella, and G. S. di Baja, Eds., World Scientific Pub., pp. 11-20.
(abstract)

Cardboard people: A parameterized model of articulated motion,
Ju, S. X., Black, M. J., and Yacoob, Y.,
2nd Int. Conf. on Automatic Face- and Gesture-Recognition, Killington, Vermont, Oct 1996, pp.38-44.
(postscript), (pdf), (abstract)

Skin and Bones: Multi-layer, locally affine, optical flow and regularization with transparency,
Ju, S., Black, M. J., and Jepson, A. D.,
IEEE Conf. on Computer Vision and Pattern Recognition, CVPR'96, San Francisco, CA, June 1996, pp. 307-314.
(pdf) (postscript), (abstract).

EigenTracking: Robust matching and tracking of articulated objects using a view-based representation,
Black, M. J. and Jepson, A.,
Proc. Fourth European Conf. on Computer Vision, ECCV'96, B. Buxton and R. Cipolla (Eds.), Springer Verlag, LNCS 1064, Cambridge, England, April 1996, pp. 329-342.
(pdf), (postscript, 2.75MB), (abstract) (video)

Robust estimation of multiple surface shapes from occluded textures,
Black, M. J. and Rosenholtz, R.
International Symposium on Computer Vision, Miami, FL, Nov. 1995, pp. 485-490.
(pdf), (postscript), (abstract)

The PLAYBOT Project,
Tsotsos, J. K., Dickinson, S., Jenkin, M., Milios, E., Jepson, A., Down, B., Amdur, E., Stevenson, S., Black, M., Metaxas, D., Cooperstock, J., Culhane, S., Nuflo, F., Verghese, G., Wai, W., Wilkes, D., Ye, Y.,
Proc. IJCAI Workshop on AI Applications for Disabled People, Aug 1, Montreal, 1995.
(abstract)

Recognizing facial expressions under rigid and non-rigid facial motions using local parametric models of image motion,
Black, M. J. and Yacoob, Y.
International Workshop on Automatic Face- and Gesture-Recognition, Zurich, July 1995.
(abstract) (video)

Tracking and recognizing rigid and non-rigid facial motions using local parametric models of image motion,
Black, M. J. and Yacoob, Y.
Fifth International Conf. on Computer Vision, ICCV'95, Boston, MA, June 1995, pp 374-381.
(pdf), (postscript), (abstract) (video)

Estimating multiple independent motions in segmented images using parametric models with local deformations,
Black, M. J. and Jepson, A.,
Workshop on Non-rigid and Articulate Motion, Austin, Texas, Nov. 1994, pp. 220-227.
(pdf), (postscript), (abstract)

Time to contact from active tracking of motion boundaries,
Ju, X. and Black, M. J.,
in Intelligent Robots and Computer Vision XIII: 3D Vision, Product Inspection, and Active Vision, David P. Casasent, Editor, Proc. SPIE 2354, pages 26-37, Nov. 1994, Boston, Massachusetts.
(abstract)

The outlier process: Unifying line processes and robust statistics,
Black, M., Rangarajan, A.,
IEEE Conf. on Computer Vision and Pattern Recognition, CVPR'94, Seattle, WA, June 1994, pp. 15-22.
(pdf), (ps.gz), (abstract)

Recursive non-linear estimation of discontinuous flow fields,
Black, M.,
Proc. Third European Conf. on Computer Vision, ECCV'94, J. Eklundh (Ed.), Springer Verlag, LNCS 800, Stockholm, Sweden, May 1994, pp. 138-145.
(postscript) (pdf), (abstract) (video)

Mixture models for optical flow computation,
Jepson A. and Black, M.,
IEEE Conf. on Computer Vision and Pattern Recognition, CVPR-93, New York, NY, June, 1993, pp. 760-761; also, University of Toronto, Technical Report RBCV-TR-93-44, April 1993.
(CVPR'93 postscript), (Tech Report postscript), (abstract)

A framework for the robust estimation of optical flow,
Black, M. J. and Anandan, P.,
Fourth International Conf. on Computer Vision, ICCV-93, Berlin, Germany, May, 1993, pp. 231-236.
(pdf), (ps.gz), (abstract) (software) (video)

Action, representation, and purpose: Re-evaluating the foundations of computational vision,
Black, M. J. (Chair), Aloimonos, Y., Brown, C. M., Horswill, I., Malik, J., G. Sandini, and Tarr, M. J.,
International Joint Conference on Artificial Intelligence, IJCAI-93, Chambery, France, 1993, pp. 1661-1666.
(pdf), (postscript), (abstract)

Combining intensity and motion for incremental segmentation and tracking over long image sequences,
Black, M. J.,
in Proc. Second European Conf. on Computer Vision, ECCV-92, G. Sandini (Ed.), Springer Verlag, LNCS 588, May 1992, pp. 485-493.
(postscript) (pdf), (abstract) (video)

Dynamic motion estimation and feature extraction over long image sequences,
Black, M. J. and Anandan, P.,
Proc. IJCAI Workshop on Dynamic Scene Understanding, Sydney, Australia, August 1991.

Robust dynamic motion estimation over time,
(IEEE Computer Society Outstanding Paper Award.)
Black, M. J. and Anandan, P.,
Proc. Computer Vision and Pattern Recognition, CVPR-91, Maui, Hawaii, June 1991, pp. 296-302.
(postscript and pdf), (abstract) (video)

A model for the detection of motion over time,
Black, M. J. and Anandan, P.,
Proc. Int. Conf. on Computer Vision, ICCV-90, Osaka, Japan, Dec. 1990, pp. 33-37;
also Yale Research Report YALEU/DCS/RR-822, September 1990.
(pdf), (abstract)

Constraints for the early detection of discontinuity from motion,
Black, M. J. and Anandan, P.,
Proc. National Conf. on Artificial Intelligence, AAAI-90, Boston, MA, 1990, pp. 1060-1066;
also Yale Research Report YALEU/DCS/RR-789, May 1990.
(pdf), (abstract)


Abstracts

Context dependent changes in grip selectivity in primate ventral premotor cortex,
Franquemont, L., Vargas-Irwin, C.E., Black, M.J., Donoghue, J.P.,
2011 Abstract Viewer and Itinerary Planner. Society for Neuroscience, 2011. Online.

Visual orientation and direction selectivity through thalamic synchrony,
Kelly, S., Stanley, G.B., Jin, J., Wang, Y., Desbordes, G., Wang, Q., Black, M.J., Alonso, J.-M.,
2011 Abstract Viewer and Itinerary Planner. Society for Neuroscience, 2011. Online.

Towards a freely moving animal model: Combining markerless multi-camera video capture and wirelessly transmitted neural recording for the analysis of walking,
Foster, J.D., Freifeld, O., Nuyujukian, P., Ryu, S.I., Black, M.J., Shenoy, K.V.,
2011 Abstract Viewer and Itinerary Planner. Society for Neuroscience, 2011. Online.

Use of the BrainGate neural inteface system for more than five years by a woman with tetraplegia,
Hochberg, L.R, Bacher, D., Barefoot, L., Berhanu, E., Black, M.J., Cash, S.S., Feldman, J.M., Gallivan, E.M., Homer, M., Jarosiewicz, B., King, B., Liu, J., Malik, W.Q., Masse, N., Berge, J.A., Rosler, D.M., Schmansky, N., Simeral, J.D., Travers, B., Truccolo, W., Donoghue, J.P.,
2011 Abstract Viewer and Itinerary Planner. Society for Neuroscience, 2011. Online.

BrainGate pilot clinical trials: Progress in translating neural engineering principles to clinical testing,
Hochberg, L.R., Simeral, J.D., Black, M.J., Bacher, D., Barefoot, L., Berhanu, E., Borton, D.A., Cash, S.S., Feldman, J., Gallivan, E.M., Homer, M., Jarosiewicz, B., King, B., Liu, J., Malik, W.Q., Masse, N., Perge, J., Rosler, D.M., Schmansky, N., Travers, B., Truccolo, W., Nurmikko, A.V., and Donoghue, J.P.,
33rd Annual International IEEE EMBS Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society, Boston, MA, August 30 - September 3, 2011.

Separation of visual object features and grasp strategy in primate ventral premotor cortex,
Vargas-Irwin, C.E., Franquemont, L., Black, M.J., Donoghue, J.P.,
Neural Control of Movement, 21st Annual Conference, 2011.

Adaptation for perception of the human body: Investigations of transfer across viewpoint and pose.
A. Sekunova, M. J. Black, L. Parkinson, J. S. Barton,
Vision Sciences Society, 2011.

Reach to grasp actions in rhesus macaques: Dimensionality reduction of hand, wrist, and upper arm motor subspaces using principal component analysis,
C.E. Vargas-Irwin, L. Franquemont, G. Shakhnarovich, P. Yadollahpour, M.J. Black, J.P. Donoghue,
2010 Abstract Viewer and Itinerary Planner. Society for Neuroscience, 2010. Online.

Unsupervised learning of a low-dimensional non-linear representation of motor cortical neuronal ensemble activity using Spatio-Temporal Isomap,
S.-P. Kim, A. Tsoli, O.C. Jenkins, J.D. Simeral, J.P. Donoghue and M.J. Black,
2010 Abstract Viewer and Itinerary Planner. Society for Neuroscience, 2010. Online.

Orientation and direction selectivity in the population code of the visual thalamus,
Garrett Stanley, Jianzhong Jin, Yushi Wang, Gaelle Desbordes, Michael Black, Jose-Manuel Alonso,
COSYNE 2010.

Decoding visual motion from correlated firing of thalamic neurons,
G. B. Stanley, M. J. Black, G. Desbordes, J. Jin, Y. Wang, J.-M. Alonso;
2009 Abstract Viewer and Itinerary Planner. Society for Neuroscience, 2009. Online.

Evaluating the potential of primary motor and premotor cortex for mutltidimensional neuroprosthetic control of complete reaching and grasping actions,
C. E. Vargas-Irwin, P. Yadollahpour, G. Shakhnarovich, M. J. Black, J. P. Donoghue,
2009 Abstract Viewer and Itinerary Planner. Society for Neuroscience, 2009. Online.

Population coding of ground truth motion in natural scenes in the early visual system,
G. Stanley, M. J. Black, J.P. Lewis, G. Desbordes, J. Jin, J.-M. Alonso,
COSYNE, 2009.

Reconstructing reach and grasp actions using neural population activity from Primary Motor Cortex,
C. E. Vargas-Irwin, P. Yadollahpour, G. Shakhnarovich, M. J. Black, J. P. Donoghue,
2008 Abstract Viewer and Itinerary Planner. Washington, DC: Society for Neuroscience, 2008. Online.

Tuning analysis of motor cortical neurons in a person with paralysis during performance of visually instructed cursor control tasks,
S.-P. Kim, J. D. Simeral, L. R. Hochberg, W. Truccolo, J.P. Donoghue, G. M. Friehs, M. J. Black,
2008 Abstract Viewer and Itinerary Planner. Washington, DC: Society for Neuroscience, 2008. Online.

More than two years of intracortically-based cursor control via a neural interface system,
L. R. Hochberg, J. D. Simeral, S.-P. Kim, J. Stein, G. M. Friehs, M. J. Black, J. P. Donoghue,
2008 Abstract Viewer and Itinerary Planner. Washington, DC: Society for Neuroscience, 2008. Online.

Decoding of reach and grasp from MI population spiking activity using a low-dimensional model of hand and arm posture,
P. Yadollahpour, G. Shakhnarovich, C. Vargas-Irwin, J. P. Donoghue, M. J. Black;
2008 Abstract Viewer and Itinerary Planner. Washington, DC: Society for Neuroscience, 2008. Online.

Neural activity in the motor cortex of humans with tetraplegia,
J. Donoghue, J. Simeral, M. Black, S-P. Kim, W. Truccolo, L. Hochberg,
AREADNE Research in Encoding And Decoding of Neural Ensembles, Santorini, Greece, June 2008

Hand observation elicits discriminating activity in human MI,
G. Shakhnarovich, L. R. Hochberg, J. P. Donoghue, J. Stein, R. H. Brown, L. S. Krivickas, G. M. Friehs, M. J. Black,
Program No. 517.8. 2007 Abstract Viewer and Itinerary Planner. San Diego, CA: Society for Neuroscience, 2007. Online.

Point-and-click cursor control by a person with tetraplegia using an intracortical neural interface system,
S.-P. Kim, J. D. Simeral, L. R. Hochberg, G. Friehs, J. P. Donoghue, M. J. Black,
Program No. 517.2. 2007 Abstract Viewer and Itinerary Planner. San Diego, CA: Society for Neuroscience, 2007. Online.

Neural correlates of grip aperture in primary motor cortex,
C. Vargas-Irwin, G. Shakhnarovich, P. Artemiadis, J. P. Donoghue, M. J. Black,
Program No. 517.10. 2007 Abstract Viewer and Itinerary Planner. San Diego, CA: Society for Neuroscience, 2007. Online.

Toward standardized assessment of pointing devices for brain-computer interfaces,
J.P. Donoghue, J.D. Simeral, S-P Kim, G.M. Friehs, L.R. Hochberg, and M.J. Black,
Program No. 517.16. 2007 Abstract Viewer and Itinerary Planner. San Diego, CA: Society for Neuroscience, 2007. Online.

Directional tuning in motor cortex of a person with ALS,
J. D. Simeral, J. P. Donoghue, M. J. Black, G. M. Friehs, R. H. Brown, L. S. Krivickas, and L. R. Hochberg,
Program No. 517.4. 2007 Abstract Viewer and Itinerary Planner. San Diego, CA: Society for Neuroscience, 2007. Online.

Ensemble spiking activity as a source of cortical control signals in individuals with tetraplegia,
Simeral, J. D., Kim, S. P., Black, M. J., Donoghue, J. P., Hochberg, L. R.,
Biomedical Engineering Society, BMES, Sept. 2007.

A comparison of decoding models for imagined motion from human motor cortex,
Kim, S.-P., Simeral, J., Donoghue, J. P., Hocherberg, L. R., Friehs, G., Mukand, J. A., Chen, D., Black, M. J.,
Program No. 256.11. 2006 Abstract Viewer and Itinerary Planner. Atlanta, GA, Society for Neuroscience, 2006. Online.

Modeling neural control of physically realistic movement,
Shaknarovich, G., Kim, S.-P., Donoghue, J. P., Hocherberg, L. R., Friehs, G., Mukand, J. A., Chen, D., Black, M. J.,
Program No. 256.12. 2006 Abstract Viewer and Itinerary Planner. Atlanta, GA, Society for Neuroscience, 2006. Online.

Finding directional movement representations in motor cortical neural populations using nonlinear manifold learning,
Kim, S-.P., Simeral, J.D., Jenkins, O.C., Donoghue, J.P. , and Black, M.J.,
World Congress on Medical Physics and Biomedical Engineering 2006, Seoul, Korea, August 27-September 1, 2006

Hierarchical Approach for Articulated 3D Pose-Estimation and Tracking (extended abstract),
Sigal L., Black M. J. 
Learning, Representation and Context for Human Sensing in Video Workshop (in conjunction with CVPR), 2006.
[postscript], [pdf], [poster].

Energy-based models of motor cortical population activity
Wood, F.and Black, M.
Program No. 689.20. 2005 Abstract Viewer/Itinerary Planner. Washington, DC: Society for Neuroscience, 2005. Online.
(abstract)

On the receptive fields of Markov random fields: Predictions from a probabilistic model of scene statistics,
Black, M. J. and Roth, S.,
Cosyne 2005, Salt Lake City, March 2005.
(abstract)

A direct brain-machine interface for 2D cursor control using a Kalman filter,
Shaikhouni, A., Wu, W., Moris, D. S., Donoghue, J. P., and Black, M. J.,
Society for Neuroscience
, 2004. Online.
(abstract)

Accuracy of manual spike sorting: Results for the Utah intracortical array,
Wood, F., Fellows, M., Vargas-Irwin, C., Black, M. J., Donoghue, J., P.,
Program No. 279.2. 2003, Abstract Viewer and Itinerary Planner, Washington, DC: Society for Neuroscience, 2003. Online.
(abstract)

A Gaussian mixture model for the motor cortical coding of hand motion,
Wu, W., Mumford, D., Black, M. J., Gao, Y., Bienenstock, E., Donoghue, J. P.,
Neural Control of Movement, Santa Barbara, April 2003.
(abstract)

Specular flow and the perception of surface reflectance,
Roth, S., Domini, F., and Black, M. J.,
Journal of Vision,, 3 (9): 413a, 2003.
(abstract), (Poster)

Inferring hand motion from multi-cell recordings in motor cortex using a Kalman filter,
Wu, W., Black M., Gao, Y., Bienenstock, E., Serruya, M., Donoghue, J.,
Program No. 357.5. 2002 Abstract Viewer/Itinerary Planner. Washington, DC: Society for Neuroscience, 2002. Online
(abstract)

Encoding/decoding of arm kinematics from simultaneously recorded MI neurons,
Gao, Y., Bienenstock, E., Black, M., Shoham, S., Serruya, M., Donoghue, J.,
Society for Neuroscience Abst. Vol. 27, Program No. 572.14 2001.
(abstract)

Stochastic modeling and tracking of human motion,
Ormoneit, D., Sidenbladh, H., Black, M. J., Hastie, T.,
Learning 2000, Snowbird, UT, April 2000.
(abstract)

A computational model for shape from texture for multiple textures,
Black, M. J. and Rosenholtz, R.
Investigative Ophthalmology and Visual Science Supplement, Vol. 36, No. 4, March 1995, p. 2202.
(abstract)

Psychophysical implications of temporal persistence in early vision: A computational account of representational momentum,
Tarr, M. J. and Black, M. J.,
Investigative Ophthalmology and Visual Science Supplement, Vol. 33, May 1992, p. 1050.
(abstract)


Refereed Videos

A flow-based approach to vehicle detection and background mosaicking in airborne video,
Yalcin, H., Hebert, M., Collins, R., and Black, M.,
IEEE Conf. on Computer Vision and Pattern Recognition,  Video Proceedings, pp. 1202, 2005.
 


Book Reviews

Black, M., Book review of The Connection Machine, The AI Magazine, Vol. 7, No. 3, 1986.

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