ACM Computing Surveys
Hypertext and Hypermedia Symposium

L Index

Lamping, J.
  bibliographic references, [Lamping 1995]; [Mukherjea 1999], [Benford 1999]
Lancaster, F. W.
  bibliographic references, [Lancaster 1986]; [Furner 1999]
Landauer, Thomas K.
  bibliographic references, [Furnas 1987]; [Furner 1999]
landmarks
  as annotation mechanism; [Bieber 1999a]
  as Focus + Context technique; [Mukherjea 1999]
  Linking Ability support; [Oinas-Kukkonen 1999]
  [Mukherjea 1997] bibliographic reference; [Mukherjea 1999]
Landow, George P.
  bibliographic references
     [Landow 1987]; [Bernstein 1999]
     [Landow 1990]; [Bernstein 1999]
     [Landow 1992a]; [Bernstein 1999]
     [Landow 1992b]; [Bernstein 1999]
     [Landow 1995]; [Bernstein 1999]
     [Landow 1997]; [Kopak 1999]
landscape
  See Also metaphors
  as hypermedia visualization metaphor, [Chalmers 1992] bibliographic reference; [Mukherjea 1999]
  hypermedia visualization metaphor
     [Robertson 1998] bibliographic reference; [Mukherjea 1999]
     [Tesler 1992] bibliographic reference; [Mukherjea 1999]
  navigable, 3D visualization of the WWW; [Benford 1999]
Lange, D.
  bibliographic references, [Lange 1996]; [Bieber 1999], [Bieber 1999a]
language(s)
  declarative multimedia, SMIL; [Hardman 1999a]
Lanham, R. A
  bibliographic references, [Lanham 1993]; [Bernstein 1999]
Lanphier, Rob
  bibliographic references, [Ayars 1999]; [Hardman 1999a]
Larsen, Deena
  bibliographic references, [Larsen 1998]; [Bernstein 1999]
Larson, K.
  bibliographic references, [Robertson 1998]; [Mukherjea 1999], [Shipman 1999a]
Larson, R.
  bibliographic references, [Larson 1996]; [Chakrabarti 1999d]
Lassila, O.
  bibliographic references, [Lassila 1999]; [Carr 1999]
Latent Semantic Indexing project
  SMART vs., performance comparison; [Furner 1999]
lattices
  as hypertext structure, [Parunak 1989] bibliographic reference; [Bernstein 1999]
Laurel, Brenda
  bibliographic references, [Laurel 1991]; [Bernstein 1999]
Lawrence, Steve
  bibliographic references
     [Giles 1998]; [Shipman 1999a]
     [Lawrence 1999]; [Chakrabarti 1999d]
Laya´da, Nabil
  bibliographic references
     [Ayars 1999]; [Hardman 1999a]
     [Jourdan 1998]; [Hardman 1999a]
layered
  hypermedia information retrieval, as approach to combining statistical IR with semantics; [Tudhope 1999]
  hypermedia IR
     [Agosti 1995] bibliographic reference; [Tudhope 1999]
     [Aslandogan 1997] bibliographic reference; [Tudhope 1999]
     [Chiaramella 1996] bibliographic reference; [Tudhope 1999]
  models, Dexter hypertext reference model; [Carr 1999]
Layman, Andrew
  bibliographic references, [Bray 1999]; [DeRose 1999a]
layout
  graph, visualization issues; [Mukherjea 1999]
Le Hors, A.
  bibliographic references, [Raggett 1998]; [Vitali 1999]
Le Hors, Arnaud
  bibliographic references, [Raggett 1998]; [Hardman 1999a]
LEADS
  [Ingram 1996] bibliographic reference; [Benford 1999]
  as meta-visualization tool, [Ingram 1996] bibliographic reference; [Benford 1999]
learning
  See Also AI (artificial intelligence)
  from example, in resource discovery strategies; [Chakrabarti 1999d]
legacy
  documents
     See Also HTF (hypertext functionality) - for strategies on adding hypermedia to
     adding hypermedia to; [Anderson 1999b]
legal systems
  permission formats, transcopyright, [KeioPermission 1999] bibliographic reference; [Nelson 1999k]
  versioning importance in; [Vitali 1999]
Leggett, John J.
  ACM-CSHT publications, "Hypermedia research directions: an infrastructure perspective"; [Wiil 1999c]
  bibliographic references
     [Kacmar 1991]; [Wiil 1999c]
     [Leggett 1994]; [Wiil 1999c]
     [Nürnberg 1996]; [Wiil 1999c]
     [Nürnberg 1997]; [Carr 1999], [Lewis 1999], [Kopak 1999]
     [Nürnberg 1997a]; [Wiil 1999c]
     [Nürnberg 1997b]; [Wiil 1999c]
     [Nürnberg 1998]; [Wiil 1999c], [Vitali 1999a], [Bieber 1999a]
     [Schnase 1989]; [Bieber 1999a]
     [Schnase 1993]; [Wiil 1999c], [Tudhope 1999], [Carr 1999]
     [Schnase 1994]; [Wiil 1999c]
     [Wiil 1992]; [Vitali 1999]
     [Wiil 1992b]; [Wiil 1999c]
     [Wiil 1993]; [Vitali 1999], [Vitali 1999a]
     [Wiil 1996]; [Carr 1999]
     [Wiil 1996a]; [Wiil 1999c]
     [Wiil 1997]; [Carr 1999], [Verbyla 1999]
     [Wiil 1997a]; [Wiil 1999c]
     [Wiil 1997b]; [Wiil 1999c]
     [Wiil 1999c]; [Lewis 1999]
Lelu, A
  bibliographic references, [Lelu 1991]; [Wilkinson 1999]
LeMere, M.
  bibliographic references, [Shipman 1999]; [Shipman 1999a]
Lemke, A.G.
  bibliographic references
     [Fischer 1991]; [Oinas-Kukkonen 1999]
     [Streitz 1992]; [Wiil 1999c], [Shipman 1999a], [Vitali 1999a]
Lengel, R. H.
  bibliographic references, [Daft 1986]; [Bieber 1999a]
Leonard, L. E.
  bibliographic references, [Leonard 1977]; [Furner 1999]
Lesk, Michael E.
  bibliographic references, [Lesk 1969]; [Furner 1999]
levels
  multiple
     open MOS middleware service characteristic; [Wiil 1999c]
     recognition of, in spatial hypertext; [Shipman 1999a]
Levy, A. Y.
  bibliographic references
     [Fernandez 1998]; [Li 1999]
     [Florescu 1998]; [Li 1999]
Lewis, Andy
  bibliographic references, [Davis 1996]; [Carr 1999]
Lewis, Paul H.
  ACM-CSHT publications, "The significance of linking"; [Lewis 1999]
  bibliographic references
     [Dobie 1999]; [Lewis 1999]
     [Lewis 1996]; [Lewis 1999]
     [Lewis 2000]; [Vitali 1999a]
lexical
  chaining
     [Al-Halimi 1998] bibliographic reference; [Green 1999a]
     automatic link generation use, [Green 1998] bibliographic reference; [Wilkinson 1999]
     [Barzilay 1997] bibliographic reference; [Green 1999a]
     [Green 1999] bibliographic reference; [Green 1999a]
     [Hirst 1998] bibliographic reference; [Green 1999a]
     lexical cohesion and; [Green 1999a]
     [Morris 1991] bibliographic reference; [Green 1999a]
     relationship problems; [Green 1999a]
     [Stairmand 1997] bibliographic reference; [Green 1999a]
  chaining algorithms
     [Barzilay 1997] bibliographic reference; [Green 1999a]
     [Green 1999] bibliographic reference; [Green 1999a]
     [Hirst 1998] bibliographic reference; [Green 1999a]
     [Stairmand 1994] bibliographic reference; [Green 1999a]
  cohesion, lexical chaining and; [Green 1999a]
  semantics
     automatic hypertext construction and; [Green 1999a]
     information retrieval relationship to; [Green 1999a]
     performance vs. information retrieval; [Green 1999a]
  trees, [Al-Halimi 1998] bibliographic reference; [Green 1999a]
"Lexical Semantics and Automatic Hypertext Construction"; [Green 1999a]
Li, Wen-Syan
  ACM-CSHT publications, "Integrating content search with structure analysis for hypermedia retrieval and management"; [Li 1999]
  bibliographic references
     [Hirata 1997]; [Carr 1999]
     [Li 1999]; [Li 1999]
library
  cataloging techniques, application to WWW and large hypertexts; [Tudhope 1999]
Lidsky, D.
  bibliographic references, [Lidsky 1999]; [Chakrabarti 1999d]
Lie, Hakon Wium
  bibliographic references, [Bos 1998]; [Shipman 1999a]
Liebscher, P.
  bibliographic references, [Liebscher 1994]; [Furner 1999]
LIFIA
  publications; [Rossi 1999]
Lilley, Chris
  bibliographic references, [Bos 1998]; [Shipman 1999a]
linear data
  Focus + Context views of; [Mukherjea 1999]
linearity
  multimedia, interactive modification of; [Hardman 1999a]
link(s)/linking
  See Also 
     hypertext/hypermedia, system types
     navigation
     relationships
  access modification, adaptive hypertext use; [Bodner 1999a]
  adaptive, dynamic links vs.; [Bodner 1999a]
  address, content link advantages over; [Nelson 1999k]
  aggregation, in Parunak's taxonomy; [Kopak 1999]
  alternatives to point-to-point representations; [Carr 1999]
  analysis; [Kleinberg 1999]
     Integrating Content Search with Structure Analysis for Hypermedia Retrieval and Management; [Li 1999]
  annotation, adaptive hypertext use; [Bodner 1999a]
  associations
     [Bush 1945] bibliographic reference; [Lewis 1999]
     in Parunak's taxonomy; [Kopak 1999]
  attributes and classification; [Verbyla 1999]
  authoring
     between arbitrary documents, [Bush 1945] bibliographic reference; [Cailliau 1999]
     between arbitrary documents, [Carr 1995] bibliographic reference; [Cailliau 1999]
     between arbitrary documents, [NCSA 1995] bibliographic reference; [Cailliau 1999]
     between arbitrary documents, [Röscheisen 1995] bibliographic reference; [Cailliau 1999]
     damage to Berners-Lee's distributed hypertext system proposal by NCSA Mosaic; [Cailliau 1999]
     reader role in; [Furner 1999]
     readers as authors, [Bush 1945] bibliographic reference; [Furner 1999]
  automatic generation of; [Wilkinson 1999]
     lexical semantics use in; [Green 1999a]
     techniques for; [Furner 1999]
  -based analysis, HITS modification, [Dean 1999] bibliographic reference; [Chakrabarti 1999d]
  -based features, in resource discovery classifiers; [Chakrabarti 1999d]
  based on
     document attributes, [Parunak 1991] bibliographic reference; [Carr 1999]
     document contents, [Hirata 1997] bibliographic reference; [Carr 1999]
     runtime environment, [Stotts 1988] bibliographic reference; [Carr 1999]
     social network characteristics, [Hill 1997] bibliographic reference; [Carr 1999]
  behavior and presentation, excluded from Dexter hypertext reference model; [Carr 1999]
  behaviorial, XML impact on WWW, [DeRose 1999] bibliographic reference; [Cailliau 1999]
  bi-directional
     importance of; [Nelson 1999k]
     as link type; [Davis 1999a]
     as WWW XML Linking working group goal; [DeRose 1999a]
     XLink support of; [DeRose 1999a]
  broken
     Distributed Link Service solution for; [Carr 1999]
     Hyper-G solution for; [Carr 1999]
     as open hypermedia link service issue; [Carr 1999]
     query-based dynamic hypertext minimization of; [Bodner 1999a]
     as URL deficiency, W3C URN and DOI standards seek to solve; [DeRose 1999a]
  building between texts, lexcial chaining use for; [Green 1999a]
  capabilities of; [Kopak 1999]
  computed, hybrid query/navigation tool use; [Tudhope 1999]
  connection strength, influence on prominance ranking analysis of social networks; [Kleinberg 1999]
  as connections between two or more anchors; [Davis 1999a]
  consistency in creation of, manual construction vs. automatic; [Furner 1999]
  content
     how they survive in Xanadu; [Nelson 1999k]
     internal structure; [Nelson 1999k]
     structure preservation in; [Nelson 1999k]
     why they don't break in Xanadu; [Nelson 1999k]
     in Xanadu; [Nelson 1999k]
  content-based, in Baron's taxonomy; [Kopak 1999]
  creation; [Furner 1999]
  dangling
     content reference problems vs.; [Davis 1999a]
     detection and correction; [Davis 1999a]
     dynamic hypertext solution to; [Wilkinson 1999]
     lists of, Linking Ability support; [Oinas-Kukkonen 1999]
     versioning solutions for; [Vitali 1999]
  databases, See linkbases
  deep context following, as transclusion advantage in huge digital universe; [Nelson 1999k]
  definition, HTML-based; [Verbyla 1999]
  as Dexter hypertext component, hypertext component; [Carr 1999]
  directionality, authorities vs. hubs; [Kleinberg 1999]
  display mechanics, in Xanadu; [Nelson 1999k]
  dynamic
     adaptive links vs.; [Bodner 1999a]
     hypertext; [Bodner 1999a]
     in hypertext design models; [Lewis 1999]
     in open hypermedia systems; [Lewis 1999]
     WWW mechanisms that simulate; [Bernstein 1999]
     WWW stateless server barriers; [Bernstein 1999]
  embedded
     detection and correction issues; [Davis 1999a]
     external links advantages over; [DeRose 1999a], [Nelson 1999k]
  event issues, [Burbules 1998] bibliographic reference; [Kopak 1999]
  extended
     groups, in XLink, syntax and semantics; [DeRose 1999a]
     in XLink, syntax and semantics; [DeRose 1999a]
  external
     advantages; [Vitali 1999]
     document versioning potentials; [Vitali 1999]
     Intermedia, [Yankelovich 1985] bibliographic reference; [DeRose 1999a]
     versioning issues; [Vitali 1999]
     XLink support for; [DeRose 1999a]
  following, Xanadu content link issues; [Nelson 1999k]
  fragility, as linkbase danger; [Verbyla 1999]
  functional, in COOL link model; [Bodner 1999a]
  generation consistency study
     [Furner 1996] bibliographic reference; [Furner 1999]
     [Green 1998] bibliographic reference; [Furner 1999]
  generation issues, [Westland 1991] bibliographic reference; [Furner 1999]
  generic, content-based navigation use of; [Lewis 1999]
  history
     list, Linking Ability support; [Oinas-Kukkonen 1999]
     of; [Lewis 1999]
  HTML, limitations and alternatives; [Verbyla 1999]
  HTML deficiencies; [DeRose 1999a]
  HTML link semantics; [Verbyla 1999]
  human-authored, computed links use with; [Tudhope 1999]
  hypertext, as Xanadu design idea, tagged to date and Xanadu design reference ID; [Nelson 1999k]
  illustration, in Parunak's taxonomy; [Kopak 1999]
  implication, in Parunak's taxonomy; [Kopak 1999]
  implicit
     adaptive hypertext use; [Bodner 1999a]
     in hypertext design models; [Lewis 1999]
  importance of the, [Landow 1997] bibliographic reference; [Kopak 1999]
  incoming, lists of, Linking Ability support; [Oinas-Kukkonen 1999]
  inferring, from metadata; [Carr 1999]
  issues, directionality, authorities vs. hubs; [Kleinberg 1999]
  in linear multimedia presentations; [Hardman 1999a]
  among linear multimedia presentations, behavior semantics; [Hardman 1999a]
  local, as solution to content reference, [Davis 1992] bibliographic reference; [Davis 1999a]
  mechanisms, addressing mechanisms distinguished from; [DeRose 1999a]
  merging time-based presentations with; [Hardman 1999a]
  minimalist, [Glushko 1989] bibliographic reference; [Bernstein 1999]
  models, COOL link model; [Bodner 1999a]
  multi-ended, XLink support of; [DeRose 1999a]
  multiple-destination, as HTML-link alternative; [Verbyla 1999]
  navigation, spatial hypertext as alternative to; [Shipman 1999a]
  navigational, spatial hypertext as alternative to navigational and semantic links; [Shipman 1999a]
  navigational issues, early discussions of; [Bernstein 1999]
  normal, in Trigg's link taxonomy; [Kopak 1999]
  one-directional, single-ended, as HTML deficiency that XML addresses; [DeRose 1999a]
  organizational, in Baron's taxonomy; [Kopak 1999]
  orientation, in Parunak's taxonomy; [Kopak 1999]
  outgoing, lists of, Linking Ability support; [Oinas-Kukkonen 1999]
  overlapping, in Xanadu; [Nelson 1999k]
  paraphrase, in Parunak's taxonomy; [Kopak 1999]
  point-to-point
     in the evolution of link concepts; [Lewis 1999]
     external storage, versioning issues; [Vitali 1999]
  position tracking, versioning requirement; [Vitali 1999]
  positional, XML impact on WWW, [DeRose 1999] bibliographic reference; [Cailliau 1999]
  pragmatic, in Baron's taxonomy; [Kopak 1999]
  proliferation dangers
     [Conklin 1987] bibliographic reference; [Bernstein 1999]
     [Utting 1989] bibliographic reference; [Bernstein 1999]
  proposition-proposition, in Parunak's taxonomy; [Kopak 1999]
  query as; [Wilkinson 1999]
  referential integrity issues; [Davis 1999a]
  referential integrity problem, versioning as solution to problem of; [Vitali 1999]
  relationship
     in adaptive hypermedia domain model; [De Bra 1999]
     analysis and; [Bieber 1999]
     between signifier vs. signified role; [Lewis 1999]
     represenatation role; [Kopak 1999]
  relationship to hypertext structure
     [Marshall 1997] bibliographic reference; [Lewis 1999]
     [Nürnberg 1997] bibliographic reference; [Lewis 1999]
     [Shipman 1999] bibliographic reference; [Lewis 1999]
     [Wiil 1999] bibliographic reference; [Lewis 1999]
  revision, in Parunak's taxonomy; [Kopak 1999]
  rhetorical, in Baron's taxonomy; [Kopak 1999]
  role of; [Carr 1999]
  selection
     compared with index term selection, [Liebscher 1994[ bibliographic reference; [Furner 1999]
     index term selection compared with; [Furner 1999]
     as versioning issue, [Durand 1994] bibliographic reference; [Vitali 1999]
     as versioning issue, [Hicks 1995] bibliographic reference; [Vitali 1999]
  semantic
     in Baron's taxonomy; [Kopak 1999]
     spatial hypertext as alternative to; [Shipman 1999a]
     spatial hypertext as alternative to navigational and semantic links; [Shipman 1999a]
     [Tudhope 2000] bibliographic reference; [Tudhope 1999]
  separation from documents, XLink WWW standard proposal for; [Carr 1999]
  servers
     Intermedia; [Lewis 1999]
     [Kacmar and Leggett 1991] bibliographic reference; [Wiil 1999c]
     [Meyrowitz 1989] bibliographic reference; [Wiil 1999c]
     [Pearl 1989] bibliographic reference; [Wiil 1999c]
     [Rizk and Sauter 1992] bibliographic reference; [Wiil 1999c]
  services, See linkbases
  significance of; [Lewis 1999]
  sorting, adaptive hypertext use; [Bodner 1999a]
  spatial hypertext
     as alternative to navigational and semantic links; [Shipman 1999a]
     conversion issues; [Shipman 1999a]
  static vs. dynamic, as automatic link generation issue; [Wilkinson 1999]
  taxonomies; [Kopak 1999]
     [Baron 1994] bibliographic reference; [Kopak 1999]
     [Baron 1996] bibliographic reference; [Kopak 1999]
     [Cleary 1996] bibliographic reference; [Kopak 1999]
     [Parunak 1991] bibliographic reference; [Kopak 1999]
  temporal, as reader choice subversion device; [Bernstein 1999]
  term definition, in XLink; [DeRose 1999a]
  term description; [Bodner 1999a]
  within time-based hypermedia, SMIL 1.0 recommendations; [Hardman 1999a]
  topology
     analysis of"afternoon, a story", [Douglas 1990] bibliographic reference; [Bernstein 1999]
     capturing argumentation structures in, [Conklin 1988] bibliographic reference; [Bernstein 1999]
     in hypertext fiction; [Bernstein 1999]
  transclusions vs.; [Nelson 1999k]
  traversal vs. search engines, [Bieber 1998] bibliographic reference; [Furner 1999]
  typed, in Berners-Lee's distributed hypertext system proposal; [Cailliau 1999]
  types; [Kopak 1999]
     as automatic link generation issue; [Wilkinson 1999]
     automatic link generation use, [Allen 1997] bibliographic reference; [Wilkinson 1999]
     automatic link generation use, [Bernstein 1990] bibliographic reference; [Wilkinson 1999]
     automatic link generation use, [Chignell 1991] bibliographic reference; [Wilkinson 1999]
     in Baron's taxonomy; [Kopak 1999]
     Cleary and Bareiss' taxonomy; [Kopak 1999]
     in the evolution of link concepts; [Lewis 1999]
     as hypertext structure; [Bieber 1999a]
     importance for hypertext navigation, [Landow 1987] bibliographic reference; [Bernstein 1999]
     importance, [Landow 1997] bibliographic reference; [Kopak 1999]
     Linking Ability support; [Oinas-Kukkonen 1999]
     [Nanard 1991] bibliographic reference; [Tudhope 1999], [Lewis 1999]
     Parunak's taxonomy; [Kopak 1999]
     in PhD dissertation. [Trigg 1983] bibliographic reference; [Kopak 1999]
     predefined, overhead impact on emergent problem-solving strategies; [DeRose 1999a]
     [Schnase 1993] bibliographic reference; [Tudhope 1999]
     semantic representation use; [Tudhope 1999]
     separating from link behavior; [DeRose 1999a]
     taxonomy, proposal for an empirical derivation of; [Kopak 1999]
     Trigg's PhD dissertation; [Kopak 1999]
     visual presentation in gIBIS and Aqaunet maps; [Shipman 1999a]
  typographically distinguished, as WWW rhetorical device; [Bernstein 1999]
  versioning issues; [Vitali 1999]
     with external links; [Vitali 1999]
     [Østerbye 1992] bibliographic reference; [Vitali 1999]
  word-proposition, in Parunak's taxonomy; [Kopak 1999]
  WWW, implicit structure in; [Kleinberg 1999]
  XLink, technical overview; [DeRose 1999a]
  XML; [DeRose 1999a]
  in XML; [DeRose 1999a]
linkbases
  See Also OHS (Open Hypermedia Systems)
  [Carr 2000] bibliographic reference; [Carr 1999]
  evolution of; [Carr 1999]
  generic links use of; [Lewis 1999]
  hypermedia, standardization of; [Wiil 1999c]
  Intermedia; [Lewis 1999]
     [Yankelovich 1985] bibliographic reference; [DeRose 1999a]
     [Yankelovich 1988] bibliographic reference; [DeRose 1999a]
  as Multicosm source; [Lewis 1999]
  as OHS characteristic; [Anderson 1999b]
  as open hypermedia platform
     HB1; [Carr 1999]
     HyperBase; [Carr 1999]
  as open hypermedia system characteristics; [Carr 1999]
  open hypermedia systems; [Lewis 1999]
  selection of specific, XLink support for; [DeRose 1999a]
  SQL augmentation, for WWW searching; [Li 1999]
  Sun Link Service, [Pearl 1989] bibliographic reference; [Wiil 1999c], [Carr 1999], [DeRose 1999a]
  XLink
     extended link groups use; [DeRose 1999a]
     support of; [DeRose 1999a]
Linking Ability
  characteristics; [Oinas-Kukkonen 1999]
  as MetaEdit+ tool, as; [Oinas-Kukkonen 1999]
  [Oinas-Kukkonen 1997] bibliographic reference; [Oinas-Kukkonen 1999]
  usability studies; [Oinas-Kukkonen 1999]
linkservices
  See linkbases
lists
  See Also data structures
  connection, as Xanadu back end component; [Nelson 1999k]
  content, as sequential document representation, in Xanadu; [Nelson 1999k]
  version, as Xanadu back end component; [Nelson 1999k]
  version, as sequential document representation, in Xanadu; [Nelson 1999k]
Literary Machines
  early editions, [Nelson 1981] bibliographic reference; [Nelson 1999k]
  recent editions, [Nelson 1987] bibliographic reference; [Nelson 1999k]
literature
  See Also fiction
  hypertext, xanalogical structure support for; [Nelson 1999k]
  literary theory, spatial hypertext contributions; [Shipman 1999a]
  as persistent documents that maintain idea continuity; [Nelson 1999k]
Little, M.
  bibliographic references, [Ingham 1996]; [Davis 1999a]
Loades, S.
  bibliographic references, [Hill 1997]; [Carr 1999]
local links
  See Also link(s)/linking
  as solution to content reference problems, [Davis 1992] bibliographic reference; [Davis 1999a]
location
  See Also context
  content vs., in generic links; [Lewis 1999]
  of link anchors
     embedded; [Davis 1999a]
     external, in link databasesn; [Davis 1999a]
  link resource identification by, as deficiency W3C URN and DOI standards seek to solve; [DeRose 1999a]
  relative, relationship representation by; [Shipman 1999a]
  step, in XPath syntax; [DeRose 1999a]
locator
  term definition, in XLink; [DeRose 1999a]
locking
  versioning vs., in hypermedia authoring environments; [Vitali 1999]
logical
  WWW pages, information units as; [Li 1999]
Loia, V.
  bibliographic references, [Dattolo 1996]; [Vitali 1999]
Loo, J.
  bibliographic references, [Loo 1990]; [Quentin-Baxter 1999]
lost
  documents, as open hypermedia link service issue; [Carr 1999]
'lost in hyperspace' problem
  as hypermedia user problem; [Mukherjea 1999]
  [Nielsen 1989] bibliographic reference; [Mukherjea 1999]
  [Pitkow 1996] bibliographic reference; [Mukherjea 1999]
Lowe, D.
  bibliographic references, [Lowe 1999]; [Rossi 1999], [Cailliau 1999]
LSS (link server systems)
  hypermedia systems, characteristics and examples; [Wiil 1999c]
Lucas, P.
  bibliographic references, [Roth 1996]; [Mukherjea 1999]
Lukka, Tuomas J.
  as Xanadu designer; [Nelson 1999k]
Luotonen, A.
  bibliographic references, [Berners-Lee 1994]; [Wiil 1999c]
"Lust"
  as first short hypertext fiction; [Bernstein 1999]
"Lust"
  as first short hypertext fiction, [Arnold 1993] bibliographic reference; [Bernstein 1999]
Lyangbek, U.
  bibliographic references, [Nielsen 1989]; [Mukherjea 1999]
Lyardet, Fernando
  ACM-CSHT publications, "Developing hypermedia applications with methods and patterns"; [Rossi 1999]
Lynch, Clifford
  bibliographic references, [Lynch 1997]; [DeRose 1999a], [Verbyla 1999]
LyngbŠk, U.
  bibliographic references, [Nielsen 1990]; [De Bra 1999]