ACM Computing Surveys
Hypertext and Hypermedia Symposium

B Index

back operation
  as browser link supplement; [Cailliau 1999]
backends
  See Also UI (user interface)
  structure-aware, benefits of; [Wiil 1999c]
backtracking
  See Also versioning
  support for, as Xanadu goal; [Nelson 1999k]
  as trail possibility but not a tour possibility; [Reich 1999a]
  on trails, semantics and recording issues; [Reich 1999a]
  in trails but not tours, [Bieber 1994] bibliographic reference; [Reich 1999a]
  in Xanadu, [Nelson 1999k] bibliographic reference; [Vitali 1999]
backup
  See Also versioning
  as versioning advantage; [Vitali 1999]
Baclace, Paul
  as Xanadu designer; [Nelson 1999k]
Baddeley, A. D.
  bibliographic references, [Baddeley 1976]; [Quentin-Baxter 1999]
Baeza-Yates, R.
  bibliographic references, [Frakes 1992]; [Chakrabarti 1999d]
Baird, P.
  bibliographic references, [Baird 1989]; [Bodner 1999a]
Baker, J.
  bibliographic references, [Smoliar 1996]; [Lewis 1999]
Balasubramanian, P.
  bibliographic references, [Isakowitz 1995]; [Lewis 1999], [Bieber 1999], [Bieber 1999a]
Balasubramanian, V.
  ACM-CSHT publications, "Hypertext functionality"; [Bieber 1999a]
  bibliographic references
     [Balasubramanian 1998]; [Bieber 1999], [Bieber 1999a]
     [Bieber 1997]; [Reich 1999a], [Cailliau 1999]
     [Bieber 1997b]; [Vitali 1999a], [Bieber 1999a]
     [Bieber 1999]; [Vitali 1999a]
     [Bieber 1999a]; [Anderson 1999b]
Bamford, H.
  bibliographic references, [Bamford 1972]; [Treloar 1999]
bandwidth
  as time-based hypermedia issue; [Hardman 1999a]
Bapat, Ajit
  bibliographic references, [Bapat 1996]; [Wiil 1999c]
Barbosa, S. D. J.
  bibliographic references, [Schwabe 1996]; [Bieber 1999], [Bieber 1999a]
Bareiss, Ray
  bibliographic references, [Cleary 1996]; [Kopak 1999]
Barnard, D. T.
  bibliographic references, [Fahmy 1990]; [Wilkinson 1999]
Baron, L.
  bibliographic references
     [Baron 1994]; [Kopak 1999]
     [Baron 1996]; [Kopak 1999]
Baronas, Jean
  bibliographic references, [Moline 1990]; [DeRose 1999a]
Bartram, L.
  bibliographic references, [Schaffer 1996]; [Mukherjea 1999]
Barus, William
  as Xanadu designer; [Nelson 1999k]
Barzilay, R.
  bibliographic references, [Barzilay 1997]; [Green 1999a]
Basak, G. C.
  bibliographic references, [Basak 1987]; [Furner 1999]
Bates, M. J.
  bibliographic references, [Bates 1986]; [Furner 1999]
Battista, G.
  bibliographic references, [Battista 1993]; [Mukherjea 1999]
bayesian
  See Also IR (information retrieval)
  as feature classifier, resource discovery use; [Chakrabarti 1999d]
Beale, R.
  bibliographic references, [Hendley 1995]; [Mukherjea 1999], [Benford 1999]
Beaumont, I.
  bibliographic references, [Beaumont 1994]; [De Bra 1999]
Beckwith, R.
  bibliographic references
     [Beckwith 1991]; [Green 1999a]
     [Miller 1993]; [Chakrabarti 1999d]
Begeman, M. L.
  bibliographic references
     [Conklin 1987]; [Wiil 1999c]
     [Conklin 1988]; [Oinas-Kukkonen 1999], [Shipman 1999a], [Bernstein 1999]
     [Conklin 1989]; [Bieber 1999a]
behavior(s)
  See Also 
     adaptive
     dynamic
  associating with XML element types, stylesheets use for; [DeRose 1999a]
  citation, MRF capture and use of; [Chakrabarti 1999d]
  customization of, in dynamic hypertext; [Bodner 1999a]
  implementation, as hypertext model dimension; [Bodner 1999a]
  link
     excluded from Dexter hypertext reference model; [Carr 1999]
     separating from link types, as XLink strength; [DeRose 1999a]
  of linking
     within linear multimedia presentations; [Hardman 1999a]
     among linear multimedia presentations; [Hardman 1999a]
  links with, XML impact on WWW, [DeRose 1999] bibliographic reference; [Cailliau 1999]
  as multiple open services core hypermedia service; [Wiil 1999c]
  that constitute navigation; [Bieber 1999a]
  of time-based hypermedia presentations, semantic issues; [Hardman 1999a]
  XLink elements, categories of; [DeRose 1999a]
  XML element class association, advantages of; [DeRose 1999a]
Beishuizen, J.
  bibliographic references, [Verheij 1996]; [Quentin-Baxter 1999]
Bellcore
  Latent Semantic Indexing project, performance comparison of SMART with; [Furner 1999]
Benford, Steven D.
  ACM-CSHT publication, "Three dimensional visualization of the World Wide Web"; [Benford 1999]
  bibliographic references
     [Benford 1995]; [Benford 1999]
     [Benford 1996]; [Benford 1999]
     [Benford 1997]; [Benford 1999]
     [Benford 1999]; [Mukherjea 1999], [De Bra 1999]
     [Brown 1996]; [Benford 1999]
     [Ingram 1996]; [Benford 1999]
     [Snowdon 1997]; [Benford 1999]
Bennett, P.
  bibliographic references, [McCall 1990]; [Wiil 1999c]
Berners-Lee, Tim J.
  bibliographic references
     [Berners-Lee 1989]; [Cailliau 1999]
     [Berners-Lee 1992]; [Carr 1999]
     [Berners-Lee 1994]; [Wiil 1999c]
     [Berners-Lee 1997]; [Carr 1999]
     [Berners-Lee 1998]; [Tudhope 1999], [DeRose 1999a]
  distributed hypertext system proposal, [[Berners-Lee 1989] bibliographic reference; [Cailliau 1999]
  scholarly communication concerns; [Treloar 1999]
Bernstein, Mark
  ACM-CSHT publications, "Structural patterns and hypertext rhetoric"; [Bernstein 1999]
  bibliographic references
     [Bernstein 1988]; [Bernstein 1999]
     [Bernstein 1989]; [Bernstein 1999]
     [Bernstein 1990]; [Wilkinson 1999]
     [Bernstein 1992]; [Bernstein 1999]
     [Bernstein 1996]; [Shipman 1999a]
     [Bernstein 1998a]; [Bernstein 1999]
     [Bernstein 1998b]; [Bernstein 1999]
Bernstein, P. A.
  bibliographic references, [Bernstein 1996]; [Wiil 1999c]
Beynon-Davies, P.
  bibliographic references
     [Beynon-Davies 1994]; [Lewis 1999]
     [Tudhope 1994]; [Tudhope 1999]
Bharat, K.
  bibliographic references
     [Bharat 1998]; [Li 1999]
     [Bharat 1998a]; [Chakrabarti 1999d]
     [Bharat 1998b]; [Chakrabarti 1999d]
     [Bharat 1998c]; [Chakrabarti 1999d]
     [Bharat 1999]; [Li 1999]
bi-directional links
  See Also link(s)/linking
  as link type; [Davis 1999a]
  as WWW XML Linking working group goal; [DeRose 1999a]
  XLink support of; [DeRose 1999a]
Bieber, Michael P.
  ACM-CSHT publications
     "Hypermedia: a design philosophy"; [Bieber 1999]
     "Hypertext functionality"; [Bieber 1999a]
  bibliographic references
     [Balasubramanian 1998]; [Bieber 1999]
     [Beiber 1992]; [Bodner 1999a]
     [Bieber 1994]; [Reich 1999a]
     [Bieber 1995]; [Bieber 1999a]
     [Bieber 1997]; [Reich 1999a], [Cailliau 1999]
     [Bieber 1997a]; [Vitali 1999a], [Bieber 1999a]
     [Bieber 1997b]; [Vitali 1999a], [Bieber 1999a]
     [Bieber 1998]; [Furner 1999], [Bieber 1999a]
     [Bieber 1999]; [Vitali 1999a], [Bieber 1999a]
     [Bieber 1999a]; [Anderson 1999b], [Bieber 1999]
     [Yoo 2000]; [Bieber 1999]
Bier, E.
  bibliographic references, [Cousins 1997]; [Shipman 1999a]
Bigelow J.
  bibliographic references, [Bigelow 1988]; [Oinas-Kukkonen 1999]
binary
  relational model of the link, [Ashman 1997a] bibliographic reference; [Verbyla 1999]
binding
  See Also closure
Biology
  Journal of Biological Chemistry, as innovative electronic scholarly journal; [Treloar 1999]
Birchall, A.
  bibliographic references, [Rada 1993]; [Tudhope 1999]
bitmaps
  See Also 
     data formats
     graphics
  representation, XML inapplicable to; [DeRose 1999a]
Blissett, G. M.
  bibliographic references, [Atkins 1989]; [Quentin-Baxter 1999]
Blustein, W. J.
  bibliographic references
     [Blustein 1997]; [Furner 1999]
     [Blustein 1999]; [Furner 1999]
Bobrow, Daniel
  bibliographic references, [Goldstein 1984]; [Vitali 1999]
B÷cker, H.
  bibliographic references, [Hohl 1996]; [De Bra 1999]
Bodner, Richard C.
  ACM-CSHT publications, "Dynamic hypertext: querying and linking"; [Bodner 1999a]
  bibliographic references
     [Bodner 1997]; [Bodner 1999a]
     [Bodner 1999]; [Bodner 1999a]
     [Bodner 1999a]; [De Bra 1999]
Bogaerts, Walter F. L.
  bibliographic references, [Arents 1993]; [Tudhope 1999]
Bollacker, Kurt D.
  bibliographic references, [Giles 1998]; [Shipman 1999a]
Bolter, Jay David
  bibliographic references
     [Bolter 1991]; [Treloar 1999]
     [Bolter 1999]; [Bernstein 1999]
     [Dieberger 1995]; [Shipman 1999a]
bookmark(s)/bookmarking
  See Also annotation(s)
  as annotation mechanism; [Bieber 1999a]
  Linking Ability support; [Oinas-Kukkonen 1999]
  prohibition, as broken link prevention strategy; [Davis 1999a]
  spatial organization
     2D, Web Squirrel; [Shipman 1999a]
     3D, WebBook; [Benford 1999]
     3D, WebForager; [Benford 1999]
  tours and trails compared with; [Reich 1999a]
bootstrapping
  collective intelligence; [Engelbart 1998]
"Bootstrapping Our Collective Intelligence"; [Engelbart 1998]
border style
  as information typing mechanism in VIKI; [Shipman 1999a]
Borko, H.
  bibliographic references, [Tarr 1974]; [Furner 1999]
Bos, Bert
  bibliographic references, [Bos 1998]; [DeRose 1999a]
Botafogo, R. A.
  bibliographic references
     [Botafogo 1992]; [Mukherjea 1999], [Furner 1999], [Wilkinson 1999]
     [Rivlin 1994]; [Wilkinson 1999]
boundaries
  See Also 
     patterns
     spatial
     structures
     topologies
  decision, automatic determination using examples; [Chakrabarti 1999d]
  topic
     hypertext link placement relationship to; [Green 1999a]
     lexical chaining use for discovering; [Green 1999a]
Boutin, F.
  bibliographic references, [Chinien 1994]; [Quentin-Baxter 1999]
Bouvin, N. O.
  bibliographic references
     [Davis 1999]; [Lewis 1999]
     [Gr°nbŠk 1997]; [Wiil 1999c], [Carr 1999], [Anderson 1999b]
Boy, G. A.
  bibliographic references, [Boy 1991]; [Wilkinson 1999]
Boyle, C.
  bibliographic references, [Boyle 1994]; [De Bra 1999]
Bröder, Andrei Z.
  bibliographic references
     [Bharat 1998a]; [Chakrabarti 1999d]
     [Bharat 1998b]; [Chakrabarti 1999d]
     [Bharat 1999]; [Li 1999]
Braekevelt, P.
  bibliographic references, [Pollitt 1997]; [Tudhope 1999]
Brailsford, David F.
  ACM-CSHT publications, "Three dimensional visualization of the World Wide Web"; [Benford 1999]
  bibliographic references
     [Benford 1999]; [Mukherjea 1999], [De Bra 1999]
     [Brailsford 1998]; [Brailsford 1999]
     [Brailsford 1999]; [Vitali 1999], [Vitali 1999a]
branching tours
  See Also 
     navigation
     paths
     structure
     tours
     trails
  [Shipman 1998] bibliographic reference; [Reich 1999a]
  [Trigg 1988] bibliographic reference; [Reich 1999a]
Bray, Tim
  bibliographic references
     [Bray 1996]; [Benford 1999]
     [Bray 1997]; [Shipman 1999a]
     [Bray 1998]; [Anderson 1999b], [DeRose 1999a], [Hardman 1999a]
     [Bray 1999]; [Shipman 1999a]
breadcrumbs
  See Also 
     annotation
     bookmark(s)/bookmarking
     naviation
     tours
     trails
  bibliographic references, [Bernstein 1988]; [Bernstein 1999]
  typographically distinguished links as, in WWW; [Bernstein 1999]
breast-outline hypertext structure map
  See Also 
     patterns
     structure(s)/structural
  as feminist symbol, [Strickland 1998] bibliographic reference; [Bernstein 1999]
Brew, Chris
  bibliographic references, [McKelvie 1998]; [Brailsford 1999]
Bridie Saccocio
  bibliographic references, [Ayars 1999]; [Hardman 1999a]
Briggs, J.
  bibliographic references, [Hutchings 1992]; [Quentin-Baxter 1999]
Brin, S.
  bibliographic references, [Brin 1998]; [Kleinberg 1999], [Li 1999], [Chakrabarti 1999d]
Brodbeck, D.
  bibliographic references, [Chalmers 1998]; [Reich 1999a]
broken links
  See Also 
     content, reference problem
     link(s)/linking
     reference integrity
     versioning
  as annotation problem, [Davis 1999] bibliographic reference; [Cailliau 1999]
  correction of; [Davis 1999a]
  minimization of, as query-based dynamic hypertext advantage; [Bodner 1999a]
  as open hypermedia link service issue; [Carr 1999]
  prevention, global persistent names use for, [W3C 1998a] bibliographic reference; [Davis 1999a]
  survey of issues; [Davis 1999a]
  as URL deficiency, W3C URN and DOI standards seek to solve; [DeRose 1999a]
  Xanadu prevention strategies; [Nelson 1999k]
Brooks, Frederick P., Jr.
  bibliographic references
     [Brooks 1987]; [Anderson 1999b]
     [Brooks 1995]; [Anderson 1999b]
Brown, C. C.
  bibliographic references
     [Benford 1996]; [Benford 1999]
     [Benford 1997]; [Benford 1999]
     [Brown 1996]; [Benford 1999]
     [Snowdon 1997]; [Benford 1999]
Brown, E.
  bibliographic references, [Brown 1995]; [Chakrabarti 1999d]
Brown, M.
  bibliographic references, [Sarkar 1994]; [Mukherjea 1999]
Brown, Peter J.
  bibliographic references
     [Brown 1987]; [Lewis 1999]
     [Brown 1989]; [Bernstein 1999]
Brown University
  education projects; [van Dam 1999]
  publications; [DeRose 1999a], [van Dam 1999]
browsing/browsers
  See Also 
     IR (information retrieval)
     maps
     navigation
     queries
     tours
     trails
  browsable concept descriptors
     [Bruza 1990] bibliographic reference; [Tudhope 1999]
     as navigation tool; [Tudhope 1999]
     [Pollard 1993] bibliographic reference; [Tudhope 1999]
  Debate Browser
     as MetaEdit+ tool; [Oinas-Kukkonen 1999]
     [Oinas-Kukkonen 1996] bibliographic reference; [Oinas-Kukkonen 1999]
     usability studies; [Oinas-Kukkonen 1999]
  Guidon browser, early hypertext electronic journal use; [Treloar 1999]
  Harmony Internet Browser; [Mukherjea 1999]
  history
     back and forward operation support of; [Cailliau 1999]
     visualization of; [Benford 1999]
  HotSauce browser
     [HotSauce 1999]; [Benford 1999]
     as spatial hypertext visualization of the WWW; [Benford 1999]
  HTML, link traversal behavior; [Hardman 1999a]
  hyperbolic
     as Focus + Context technique; [Mukherjea 1999]
     [Lamping 1995] bibliographic reference; [Mukherjea 1999]
  information
     Adaptive Hypermedia: From Systems to Framework; [De Bra 1999]
     "Adaptive Hypermedia: From Systems to Framework"; [De Bra 1999]
  integration with querying, in dynamic hypertext; [Bodner 1999a]
  as navigation; [Bieber 1999a]
  NeXTStep, authoring in, for Berners-Lee's distributed hypertext system proposal; [Cailliau 1999]
  topic, directory-based, as WWW information retrieval technique; [Chakrabarti 1999d]
  unification with querying, as dynamic hypertext property; [Bodner 1999a]
  user interface between browsing and, research issues; [Tudhope 1999]
Brusilovsky, Peter
  ACM-CSHT publications, "Adaptive hypermedia: from systems to framework"; [De Bra 1999]
  bibliographic references
     [Brusilovsky 1996]; [Bodner 1999a]
     [Brusilovsky 1996a]; [De Bra 1999]
     [Brusilovsky 1996b]; [De Bra 1999]
     [Brusilovsky 1998a]; [De Bra 1999]
     [Brusilovsky 1998b]; [De Bra 1999]
Bruza, P.
  bibliographic references, [Bruza 1990]; [Tudhope 1999]
Buchanan, M. Cecelia
  bibliographic references, [Buchanan 1993]; [Hardman 1999a]
Buckley, C.
  bibliographic references, [Salton 1991]; [Wilkinson 1999]
Bullock, J.
  bibliographic references, [Bullock 1998]; [Tudhope 1999], [Lewis 1999]
bullseye metaphor
  See Also metaphors
  as hypermedia visualization metaphor, [Charriere 1997] bibliographic reference; [Mukherjea 1999]
Bulterman, Dick C. A.
  ACM-CSHT publications, "Hypermedia: the link with time"; [Hardman 1999a]
  bibliographic references, [Hardman 1999]; [Hardman 1999a]
Burbules, N. C.
  bibliographic references, [Burbules 1998]; [Kopak 1999]
Burchard P.
  bibliographic references, [Munzner 1995]; [Benford 1999]
Burks, M.
  bibliographic references, [Roth 1996]; [Mukherjea 1999]
Burnard, Lou
  bibliographic references, [Sperberg-McQueen 1994]; [Shipman 1999a]
Bush, Vannevar
  See Also 
     memex
     pioneers
     trails
  bibliographic reference, [Bush 1945]; [Wiil 1999c], [Treloar 1999], [Carr 1999], [Lewis 1999], [Reich 1999a], [Shipman 1999a], [Bodner 1999a], [Furner 1999], [Cailliau 1999]
  bibliographic reference and URL, [Bush 1945]; [Nelson 1999k]
  trails, as transclusions; [Nelson 1999k]