The Reality of Photographs

VDL Categories: Visual Culture, Visual Science

Project type

In-class activity with discussion.



Spalter did this as a student at RISD in Al DeCredico’s RISD Freshman Foundation 2D Design course (1982).


Background materials




Skill set being developed


Relevance to VDL

The issue of visual truth is central to many image-making technologies. Students must understand the role of photography before they can understand the role of digital photography. Issues of image manipulation also build on this realization.


Interactive multimedia software



Materials Needed


Examples of relevant applications of the module content



  1. Photo Eye Puncture: Student take photographs of themselves and hang them on the wall. Students then approach with a push pin, one at a time, and put the pin through one of their photo's eyes. Students take now of how this makes them feel.


Discussion participation (or short written summary of thoughts on):